Lachine, Quebec

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Lachine
Borough of Montreal
The Fontaine de Vie at Lachine Borough Hall
The Fontaine de Vie at Lachine Borough Hall
Location of Lachine on the Island of Montreal. (Grey areas indicate demerged municipalities).
Location of Lachine on the Island of Montreal.
(Grey areas indicate demerged municipalities).
Coordinates: 45°26′25″N 73°42′20″W / 45.44028°N 73.70556°W / 45.44028; -73.70556
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Montréal
Incorporated 1872
Merged January 1, 2002
Electoral Districts
Federal

Notre-Dame-de-Grâce—Lachine
Provincial Marquette
Government[1]
 • Type Borough
 • Mayor Claude Dauphin
 • Federal MP(s) Isabelle Morin (NDP)
 • Quebec MNA(s) François Ouimet (PLQ)
Area[2]
 • Land 17.75 km2 (6.85 sq mi)
Population (2011)[2][3]
 • Total 41,696
 • Density 2,344.6/km2 (6,072/sq mi)
 • Change (2006-11) Increase0.5%
 • Dwellings (2006) 19,909
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 514[4]
Access Routes[5]
A-13
A-20

A-520
Route 138
Website lachine. ville.montreal.qc.ca

Lachine is a borough (arrondissement) within the city of Montreal on the Island of Montreal in southwestern Quebec, Canada. It was formerly an autonomous city until 2002.

History[edit]

Church of Saints-Anges-Gardiens, built 1919-1920.

Lachine, apparently from French la Chine (China), is often said to have been named in 1669, in mockery of its then owner Robert Cavelier de La Salle, who explored the interior of North America, trying to find a passage to Asia. When he returned unsuccessful, he and his men were derisively named les Chinois (Chinese). The name was adopted when the parish of Saints-Anges-de-la-Chine was created in 1678, with the form Lachine appearing with the opening of a post office in 1829.[6]

On August 5, 1689, more than 1500 Mohawk warriors raided the small village and burned it to the ground in retaliation for the ravaging of the Seneca lands by governor Denonville and his men. The Lachine massacre left 80 dead. Lachine was incorporated as a city in 1872. In 1999, it merged with the town of Saint-Pierre before being merged into Montreal in 2002. Its logo during its municipality days is still in use as of today.

Geography[edit]

The borough is located in the southwest portion of the island of Montreal, at the inlet of the Lachine Canal, between the borough of LaSalle, and the city of Dorval. It was a separate city until municipal mergers on January 1, 2002 and did not demerge on January 1, 2006 [1].

The borough is bordered to the northwest by the city of Dorval to the northeast by Saint-Laurent, to the east by Côte Saint-Luc, Montreal West and a narrow salient of Le Sud-Ouest, and to the south by LaSalle. Its western limit is the shore of Lac Saint-Louis and the Saint Lawrence River.

It has an area of 17.83 km² and a population of 41,391.

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
Year Pop. ±%
1966 50,221 —    
1971 51,220 +2.0%
1976 47,542 −7.2%
1981 42,826 −9.9%
1986 39,850 −6.9%
1991 40,233 +1.0%
1996 39,910 −0.8%
2001 40,222 +0.8%
2006 41,391 +2.9%
2011 41,616 +0.5%
[7]
Home Language (2006)[8]
Language Population Percentage (%)
French 25,050 62%
English 11,395 28%
Both English and French 800 12%
Non Official language only 3,240 8%

Government[edit]

Municipal government[edit]

As of the November 3, 2013 Montreal municipal election, the current borough council consists of the following councillors:

District Position Name   Party
 — Borough mayor
City councillor
Claude Dauphin   Équipe Dauphin
 — City councillor Jean-François Cloutier   Équipe Dauphin
Du Canal Borough councillor Maja Vodanovic   Équipe Dauphin
Fort-Rolland Borough councillor Kymberley Simonyik   Équipe Dauphin
J.-Émery-Provost Borough councillor Daniel Racicot   Équipe Dauphin

Federal and provincial districts[edit]

The entire borough is located within the federal riding of Notre-Dame-de-Grâce—Lachine, and within the provincial electoral district of Marquette.

Infrastructure[edit]

Trading Post on the Lachine Canal.

Autoroute 20 passes through Lachine, which is also served by the Lachine commuter train station.

Most noticeable of Lachine's features is the Lachine Canal and its recreational facilities, including the Lachine Canal National Historic Site. Around the canal's inlet, in the southern part of the borough, are located The Fur Trade at Lachine National Historic Site, René Lévesque Park (on a long peninsula extending into Lac Saint-Louis), and the Musée de Lachine, which has collections of modern outdoor sculpture both on its own grounds, in René Lévesque Park, and in other sites throughout the borough. Other historic buildings are also located near the canal's inlet.

Parks[edit]

A memorial to Air India Flight 182 is located in Monk Island, in Lachine. It was inaugurated in 2010.[9]

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

Collège Sainte-Anne

The Commission scolaire Marguerite-Bourgeoys operates Francophone public schools.[10]

Adult schools include:

  • Centre d'éducation des adultes de LaSalle, Édifice Boileau

Professional development centres include:

  • Centre de formation professionnelle de Lachine (CFP), Édifice Dalbé-Viau and Édifice de la Rive

Secondary schools include:

Primary schools include:

  • École Primaire Catherine-Soumillard
  • École Primaire des Berges-de-Lachine
  • École Primaire Jardin-des-Saints-Anges
  • École Primaire Martin-Bélanger
  • École Primaire Paul-Jarry
  • École Primaire Philippe-Morin
  • École Primaire Très-Saint-Sacrement

The Lester B. Pearson School Board (LBPSB) operates Anglophone public schools.

  • Lakeside Academy (a merger of Lachine High School and Bishop Whelan High School)
  • Maple Grove Elementary School in Lachine, a merger of the Meadowbrook School in Lachine and the Bishop-Whelan School in Dorval, opened in August 2010[11]
  • The Pearson Electrotechnology Centre (PEC; Centre d'électrotechnologie Pearson), a public vocational school of the LBPSB, is in Lachine.[12]

Public libraries[edit]

The Montreal Public Libraries Network operates the Saint-Pierre Branch and the Saul-Bellow Branch in Lachine.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ministère des Affaires Municipales et Régions: Lachine
  2. ^ a b 2006 Statistics Canada Community Profile: Lachine, Quebec
  3. ^ "Population totale en 2006 et en 2011 - Variation — Densité". Canada 2011 Census (in French). Ville de Montréal. 2012. Retrieved 5 June 2012. 
  4. ^ "Lachine, QC". Local Calling Guide. 
  5. ^ Official Transport Quebec Road Map
  6. ^ Commission de toponymie du Québec - Lachine (Ville)
  7. ^ "Profil sociodéographique: Arrondissement de Lachine" (in French). Ville de Montréal. 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013. 
  8. ^ "Community Profiles: Lachine, Quebec". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. 2009-03-10. Retrieved 2009-06-04. 
  9. ^ "Memorial to victims of Air India bombing inaugurated in Lachine." CTV Montreal. Sunday December 5, 2010. Retrieved on December 7, 2014.
  10. ^ "ÉCOLES ET CENTRES." Commission Scolaire Marguerite-Bourgeoys. Retrieved on December 7, 2014.
  11. ^ "Home." Maple Grove Elementary School. Retrieved on December 7, 2014.
  12. ^ "Home." Pearson Electrotechnology Centre. Retrieved on December 7, 2014.
  13. ^ "Les bibliothèques par arrondissement." Montreal Public Libraries Network. Retrieved on December 7, 2014.

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 45°25′54″N 73°40′30″W / 45.43167°N 73.67500°W / 45.43167; -73.67500