Lachute

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Lachute
City
Lachute QC.JPG
Location within Argenteuil RCM
Location within Argenteuil RCM
Lachute is located in Central Quebec
Lachute
Lachute
Location in central Quebec
Coordinates: 45°39′N 74°20′W / 45.650°N 74.333°W / 45.650; -74.333Coordinates: 45°39′N 74°20′W / 45.650°N 74.333°W / 45.650; -74.333[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Laurentides
RCM Argenteuil
Settled 1753
Constituted April 30, 1966
Government[2]
 • Mayor Carl Peloquin
 • Federal riding Argenteuil—Papineau—Mirabel
 • Prov. riding Argenteuil
Area[2][3]
 • City 112.80 km2 (43.55 sq mi)
 • Land 109.20 km2 (42.16 sq mi)
 • Metro[4] 109.20 km2 (42.16 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • City 12,551
 • Density 114.9/km2 (298/sq mi)
 • Metro[4] 12,551
 • Metro density 114.9/km2 (298/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006–2011 Increase 6.1%
 • Dwellings 5,991
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) J8H
Area code(s) 450 and 579
Highways
A-50

Route 148
Route 158
Route 327
Route 329
Website www.ville.lachute.qc.ca
Municipal park

Lachute, is a town in southwest Quebec, Canada, 62 kilometres (39 mi) northwest of Montreal, on the Rivière du Nord, a tributary of the Ottawa River, and west of Mirabel International Airport. It is located on Autoroute 50, at the junctions of Quebec Provincial Highways Route 148, Route 158 and Secondary Highways 327 and 329.

It is the seat of Argenteuil Regional County Municipality, and is served by the Lachute Airport.

Its major industries include paper mills and lumber. The population of this town is about 12,000 people.

History[edit]

Originally in the seventeenth century, "La Chute" identified a cataract or falls on the North River (Rivière du Nord) located about 24 kilometres (15 mi) upstream from its confluence with the Ottawa River.[5] In 1753, Antoine Brunet became the first francophone to settle in Lachute temporarily. In 1796, Jedediah Lane, from Jericho, Vermont, bought several thousand acres of land on both sides of the North River, where Lachute is today. That same year, Hezekiah Clark and his family, also of Jericho, settled near the falls on the North River, followed by Loyalists fleeing the American Revolution. Two years later, the population of The Chute Settlement (as it was then known by its English name) consisted of five families.[6]

The village grew quickly: by 1803 there were 30 families scattered on both banks of the North River and by 1810, Lachute counted 83 families, including 211 children of school age. In 1804, a mill was built at the falls and the first general store opened in 1813. One year later, Sir John Johnson bought a large part of the Argenteuil Seigneury. He built a sawmill and gave land for the construction of churches, helping to attract new settlers to Argenteuil. In 1825, Thomas Barron became the first judge, then the first mayor of Lachute.[6] The Lachute post office was established in 1835.[5]

From 1870 to 1880 Lachute went through another period of expansion, including economic and social development: the railway linking Montreal and Ottawa was built through the centre of the small town. Industries were established: Félix Hamelin and Thomas Henry Ayers established a wool mill and Irishman James Crocket Wilson opened a paper mill.[6]

In 1885, the Town of Lachute was incorporated with a population of around 1300 persons, and in the same year Lachute high school was founded. In 1901, electricity was brought to the town.[6]

In 1966, Lachute and the Village of Ayersville merged, forming the Cité de Lachute. In 1971, during the construction of Montréal-Mirabel International Airport, a part of the Saint-Jérusalem Parish was added to Lachute. In 1981, Cité de Lachute became Ville de Lachute. In 2000, about 10 square kilometers of Mirabel's territory was annexed by Lachute. In 2002, the Service de police municipale de Lachute was transferred to the Sûreté du Québec.[6]

On February 27, 2010, at 10:50 pm, a magnitude 3.9 earthquake was felt in western Quebec. The epicentre was 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) northwest of Lachute. There were no reports of damage or injuries.[7] On March 16, 2011, at approximately 1:36 pm, a 4.3 earthquake was felt in the city. Lachute was the epicentre, but it was felt in places like Rigaud, Hudson, Hawkesbury, even in the Laurentian ski towns of Ste. Sauveur and St. Agathe.[8]

Expo Lachute Fair is the oldest Fair in Quebec and the second oldest in all of Canada, running from 1825 to present. In 1917, Argenteuil Agricultural Society purchased land to hold the Expo Lachute Fair permanently in Lachute. 1917 saw the construction of the grandstand and the track, with new cow and horse barns being constructed as time and money allowed. The Fall Fair was changed to a Spring Fair in 1925 so that it could be deemed strictly a Livestock show. Lachute, Québec, now the center for this bustling Fair was not always the host to the Exhibition. In the years 1825 and 1826, meetings of the inhabitants of the county of York met in the then bustling business center of St. Andrews, to form themselves into a Society to be called “The county of York Agricultural society”, later to the Two Mountains Agricultural Society and finally to the county of Argenteuil Agricultural Society, the object of which being to improve the mode of Agriculture in the county be every means in their power. Today, Expo Lachute Fair is still going strong. An annual agriculture fair is held in July as well as smash up Fall Derby in September each year. The fairgrounds are also used for several other local events throughout the year.[9]

In 2013, Lachute was ranked last among the 200 Canadian cities and towns rated as places to live by Money Sense Magazine.[10][11]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Historical Census Data - Lachute, Quebec[14]
Year Pop. ±%
1880 650 —    
1925 3,000 +361.5%
1941 5,310 +77.0%
1957 8,848 +66.6%
Year Pop. ±%
1991 11,730 +32.6%
1996 11,493 −2.0%
1996A 11,556 +0.5%
2001 11,628 +0.6%
Year Pop. ±%
2006 11,832 +1.8%
2011 12,551 +6.1%
(A) adjustment due to boundary change.

Language[edit]

Canada Census Mother Tongue - Lachute, Quebec[14]
Census Total
French
English
French & English
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2011
12,305
10,705 Increase 6.2% 87.00% 1,310 Increase 7.3% 10.65% 130 Increase 23.1% 1.05% 160 Decrease 5.9% 1.30%
2006
11,525
10,040 Increase 4.3% 87.11% 1,215 Decrease 10.0% 10.54% 100 Decrease 13.0% 0.87% 170 Increase 29.4% 1.48%
2001
11,195
9,610 Increase 3.1% 85.84% 1,350 Decrease 23.1% 12.06% 115 Increase 21.7% 1.03% 120 Decrease 17.2% 1.07%
1996
11,300
9,310 n/a 82.39% 1,755 n/a 15.53% 90 n/a 0.80% 145 n/a 1.28%

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Lachute
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 10.5
(50.9)
12.5
(54.5)
20.5
(68.9)
31
(88)
32.2
(90)
35
(95)
34.4
(93.9)
35.5
(95.9)
32.5
(90.5)
27.2
(81)
20
(68)
13.5
(56.3)
35.5
(95.9)
Average high °C (°F) −6.6
(20.1)
−4.3
(24.3)
1.7
(35.1)
10.5
(50.9)
18.9
(66)
23.6
(74.5)
25.9
(78.6)
24.4
(75.9)
19
(66)
12
(54)
4.1
(39.4)
−3.3
(26.1)
10.5
(50.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −11.4
(11.5)
−9.4
(15.1)
−3.1
(26.4)
5.3
(41.5)
12.8
(55)
17.7
(63.9)
20.1
(68.2)
18.9
(66)
13.7
(56.7)
7.3
(45.1)
0.5
(32.9)
−7.5
(18.5)
5.4
(41.7)
Average low °C (°F) −16.2
(2.8)
−14.5
(5.9)
−8
(18)
0
(32)
6.7
(44.1)
11.7
(53.1)
14.3
(57.7)
13.3
(55.9)
8.4
(47.1)
2.6
(36.7)
−3.2
(26.2)
−11.7
(10.9)
0.3
(32.5)
Record low °C (°F) −37
(−35)
−35
(−31)
−30.5
(−22.9)
−15
(5)
−6.7
(19.9)
−1.5
(29.3)
3.5
(38.3)
0
(32)
−5
(23)
−8.9
(16)
−20.6
(−5.1)
−34.5
(−30.1)
−37
(−35)
Precipitation mm (inches) 91.2
(3.591)
69
(2.72)
78.9
(3.106)
84.3
(3.319)
94.3
(3.713)
111.5
(4.39)
100.6
(3.961)
105.5
(4.154)
105.2
(4.142)
98.2
(3.866)
102.5
(4.035)
91.5
(3.602)
1,132.7
(44.594)
Source: Environment Canada[15]

Education[edit]

The Commission scolaire de la Rivière-du-Nord operates French-language public schools.

Notable Lachutois[edit]

Media[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reference number 114406 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (French)
  2. ^ a b Geographic code 76020 in the official Répertoire des municipalités (French)
  3. ^ a b c "(Code 2476020) Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012. 
  4. ^ a b Lachute (Census agglomeration), Quebec, 2011 Census profile. The census agglomeration consists of only Lachute itself. This was unchanged from the 2006 census.
  5. ^ a b "Lachute (Ville)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2009-02-17. 
  6. ^ a b c d e "Lachute, d’hier à aujourd’hui" (in French). La ville de Lachute. Retrieved 2009-02-17. 
  7. ^ 3.9-magnitude earthquake rattles western Quebec
  8. ^ http://www.montrealgazette.com/Minor+earthquake+rumbles+through+Lachute/4450543/story.html
  9. ^ http://expolachutefair.com
  10. ^ MoneySense Magazine. "Best Places 2013". 
  11. ^ MoneySense Magazine. "Bottom of the List". 
  12. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  13. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  14. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  15. ^ Environment CanadaCanadian Climate Normals 1971–2000. Retrieved 31 December 2010.

External links[edit]