Location within Le Haut-Richelieu RCM
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Constituted||September 13, 2001|
|• Mayor||Yves Duteau|
|• Federal riding||Saint-Jean|
|• Prov. riding||Huntingdon|
|• Total||53.50 km2 (20.66 sq mi)|
|• Land||49.64 km2 (19.17 sq mi)|
|• Density||54.0/km2 (140/sq mi)|
|• Pop 2006-2011||6.7%|
|Time zone||EST (UTC−5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC−4)|
|Postal code(s)||J0J 1J0|
|Area code(s)||450 and 579|
|Highways|| Route 221
Lacolle is a municipality in southern Quebec, Canada located in the administrative area of the Montérégie. The population as of the Canada 2011 Census was 2,680. The Lacolle River runs eastward though the middle of the town and empties in Richelieu River.
The written history of Lacolle can be traced back to July 4, 1609 when Samuel de Champlain and his entourage stopped briefly at the mouth of a small stream for a meal before continuing southward up the Richelieu River into the lake which now bears his name. In his journal, Champlain referred to the location of the delta as "Lacole". When translated literally, the term means the neck of a bottle or that which is above the shoulders.
Lacolle was the site of three battles in the early 19th Century. Two of the battles took place during the War of 1812. The Battle of Lacolle Mills (1812) was a short engagement in which a small garrison of Canadien Militia, with the assistance of Kahnawake Mohawk warriors, defended a makeshift log blockhouse from an American invasion force led by Major General Henry Dearborn. In the Battle of Lacolle Mills (1814) a garrison of 80 men of the 13th Regiment of Foot and a Congreve rocket detachment of the Royal Marine Artillery, later reinforced by a company of the Canadian Voltigeurs and the Grenadier company of the Canadian Fencibles successfully defended a blockhouse and stone mill building from an attacking American force of 4,000 men led by Major General James Wilkinson.
The Battle of Lacolle was fought on November 7, 1838 between Loyal Lower Canada volunteer forces under Major John Scriver and Lower Canada rebels under Colonel Ferdinand-Alphonse Oklowski. The half hour battle ended in a rebel defeat.
(+) Amalgamated with Notre-Dame-du-Mont-Carmel on January 1, 2002.
Mother tongue language (2006)
Lacolle as a small industrial park featuring Arneg Inc, Soudure HMC inc, and a Recycling complex operated by Compo Haut-Richelieu inc. (headquartered in St-Jean-sur-Richelieu).
- List of municipalities in Quebec
- Battle of Lacolle (disambiguation)
- Lacolle Mills Blockhouse
- Municipal reorganization in Quebec
- Lacolle railway station
- Richelieu River
- Reference number 372452 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (French)
- Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire: Lacolle
- Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: SAINT-JEAN (Quebec)
- 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: Lacolle, Quebec
- "Battle of Lacolle Mills". Retrieved 11 November 2013.
- John R. Elting, Amateurs to Arms, p.176
- Report of the Commanding Officer of the 13th Foot
- NICOLAS, Paul Harris: Historical Record of the Royal Marine Forces, Volume 2, p253
- "La bataille de Lacolle, 6 novembre 1838" at Les Patriotes de 1837@1838
- "Bataille de Lacolle - 6 et 7 novembre 1838. (Bataille)" in La Mémoire du Québec
- Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
- 2006 Statistics Canada Community Profile: Lacolle, Quebec
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lacolle (Québec).|
||Saint-Cyprien-de-Napierville / Saint-Valentin||Saint-Paul-de-l'Île-aux-Noix|
|Saint-Bernard-de-Lacolle||Richelieu River / Noyan|
| United States
Champlain, New York