Lad Khan Temple

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Lad Khan Temple
Lad Khan Temple is located in Karnataka
Lad Khan Temple
Lad Khan Temple
Location in Karnataka
Coordinates 16°1′11.68″N 75°52′52.46″E / 16.0199111°N 75.8812389°E / 16.0199111; 75.8812389Coordinates: 16°1′11.68″N 75°52′52.46″E / 16.0199111°N 75.8812389°E / 16.0199111; 75.8812389
Country India
State Karnataka
District Bagalkot
Location Aihole
Primary deity Shiva
History and governance
Date built 5th century
Creator Chalukya dynasty

The Lad Khan Temple, dedicated to Shiva, is a one of the oldest Hindu temples and is located in Aihole in the state of Karnataka, India.[1][2] It was built in the 5th century by the kings of the Chalukya dynasty.[1][3] It is located to the south of the Durga Temple.[1] The temple is named after a person named Lad khan, who turned this temple into his residence for a short period[1] and this is the oldest temple of Aihole.[4]


The temple consists of a shrine (garba griha) with mandapa in front of it. The mukha mandapa is situated in front of the sanctum and consists of a set of 12 carved pillars. The sabha mandapa leads to the maha mandapa and the pillars are arranged to form two concentric squares.[2] The walls have floral patterns on them and the windows have lattice work done in the northern style. Facing the sanctum, a second smaller sanctum is situated above the center of the hall whose outer walls have many carved images.[1][2]

Originally dedicated to Vishnu,[5] now the main shrine houses a Shiva Linga with a Nandi.[1] The temple was built in a Panchayatana style, indicating a very early experiment in temple construction.[1] The special feature of this temple is that it starts with a rectangular structure and ends with a square structure. Based on a wooden construction design, the square and rectangular plan has a steep roof, which is an adaptation of wooden styles in stone.[1]

The maha mandapa is open to exterior by large windows between the pillars. The roof above the maha mandapa shows a turret as a first version of the futures towers sikharas and vimanas.[3]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h
  2. ^ a b c
  3. ^ a b
  4. ^ Raghavan, Vikram K (13 May 2010). "Surviving the test of time". The Hindu. Retrieved 31 March 2014. 
  5. ^ Subba Reddy, V.V. (2009). Temples of South India. New Delhi: Gyan Publishing House. p. 61. ISBN 9788121210225. 

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