Ladies Love Outlaws (Waylon Jennings album)

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Ladies Love Outlaws
Studio album by Waylon Jennings
Released September 1972
Recorded 1971-72
Genre Country
Label RCA Records
Producer Ronny Light
Waylon Jennings chronology
Good Hearted Woman
(1972)
Ladies Love Outlaws
(1972)
Lonesome, On'ry and Mean
(1973)

Ladies Love Outlaws is a country music album by Waylon Jennings, released on RCA Records in 1972. Together with Jennings' previous album Good Hearted Woman, it marks his transition toward his Outlaw Country image and style."Ladies Love Outlaws" coined the use of the term "Outlaw" to refer to the country music sub-genre, which was developing at the time of its release.

According to Jennings the album was unfinished and that some of the tracks were never intended to be included, an that the decision to release it was a result of the controlled Nashville studio system. At the time of the release, Jennings was suffering from hepatitis and was hospitalized. During his recovery, he signed New York lawyer Neil Reshen as his new manager. Reshen renegotiated Jennings' extension contract with RCA Records, which granted Jennings full creative control over his new works. Taking advantage of the image he started, Reshen persuaded Jennings to grow his hair and beard to cultivate his "Outlaw" appearance.

The release received mixed reviews and reached number eleven on Billboard's Top Country LP's chart. "Under Your Spell Again", a duet with Jessi Colter, peaked at 39 on Hot Country Songs chart.

Recording[edit]

The title of the album originated from the song "Ladies Love Outlaws", written by singer-songwriter Lee Clayton.[1] The composition mentioned Jennings in one of its stanzas, describing his relation with his wife Jessi Colter: "Jessi liked Cadillacs and diamonds on her hands, Waymore had a reputation as a ladies man, Late one night her light of love finally gave a sign, Jessi parked her Cadillac and took her place in line".[2] Clayton proposed that Jennings record the track, and Jennings decided to use it for the title of his next RCA Records release.[3] Jennings' usual producer Chet Atkins was delegating the production of albums to other studio members so he could focus on his career as an artist. He assigned Danny Davis to produce the album. Davis' collaboration with Jennings ended when Jennings grew tired of Davis' conservative restrictions, took a gun into the studio and threatened to "shoot off the fingers" of the producer or any musician who would play a pickup note.[4][5] Atkins replaced Davis for the recording sessions, and assigned producer Ronny Light.[6] Recording took place at RCA Victor's Nashville studio through 1971-2, with the exception of "Thanks", which was recorded in 1970. The album's liner notes were written by Los Angeles Times critic Robert Hilburn.[7]

In his autobiography, Jennings said he was dissatisfied with RCA Records' decision to release the album without consulting him. Jennings said that the recordings of him were "scratch vocals", which he intended to use to coordinate the band to obtain a good sound, and was later going to focus further on his vocals. He also said that the label published the unfinished album without asking him about his progress.[6] While he was satisfied with the results of "Frisco Depot" and considered the song complete, he said that Hoyt Axton's "Never Been to Spain" was never planned for a release.[1] Jennings said, "I still cringe when I hear myself singing 'Never Been to Spain'. It sounded like I'd never even been to Cleveland".[6]

Release and reception[edit]

The album was released in September 1972[6]and peaked at number eleven on Billboard's Top Country Albums.[8] The duet with Jessi Colter, "Under Your Spell Again", was released in 1971 as a single; it reached number 39 on Billboard's hot country singles.[9]

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Rolling Stone Negative.
Dean Tudor Favorable.
Allmusic 3.5/5 stars

Critic Chet Flippo of Rolling Stone wrote a negative review of the album, calling it "vague and unfinished". Jennings liked the review; upon reading it he called Flippo and said that RCA released the album before time without his consent, and invited Flippo to accompany him on his bus during a tour.[10] Author Dean Tudor called the songs on the album "exciting", and wrote that Jennings "finely calculated the art of creating the 'laid back' country sound, and finely complements the forceful, but subdued, instrumentation with vocals that never strain for dramatic effect". Tudor described the album's style as a "blurred" boundary between country and rock and roll.[11] Thom Jurek of Allmusic gave the album three-and-a-half stars and wrote that Jennings' performances offered him in a "deeply expressive terrain" as a vocalist. Jurek also wrote that Jennings "wrings emotion from songs rather than merely projecting them into a microphone".[12]

Impact[edit]

Ladies Love Outlaws and Jennings' previous album Good Hearted Woman marked a change in Jennings' appearance.[13] The cover of Ladies Love Outlaws shows Jennings on a scene set in an Old West motif, dressed in black with a revolver strapped to his waist,[14]looking at his five-year-old niece, Ladonna.[6] Previously, Jennings kept his hair short and his face clean-shaven, and he wore suits. After the release of Ladies Love Outlaws, he started to wear faded jeans and cowboy boots.[13]

Outlaw country singers Kristofferson, Nelson and Jennings (L-R) at the Dripping Springs Reunion on March 1972

After a long time of deficient work, Jennings fired his manager Lucky Moeller. At the time "Ladies Love Outlaws" was released, Jennings was hospitalized with hepatitis. Frustrated by the studio's control over him, and thinking that he would have no more hit records, Jennings was considered retiring. During his recovery, his drummer Richie Albright visited him and persuaded Jennings to try again.[15] Meanwhile, his contract with RCA Records was nearing its end. Albright introduced Jennings to Neil Reshen, a New York lawyer who had experience handling bands and contract problems.[16] Jennings engaged Reshen as his manager; Reshen encouraged him to grow his hair and beard long to emphasize his "outlaw" image .[17] Reshen renegotiated Jennings' deal with RCA, and by the time of the agreement, Jennings received complete artistic freedom over producing, recording and selection of his material, and the cover art of his albums.[18]

In 1973, a disc jockey on North Carolina country music station WCSE called Glaser Sound Studios and talked to secretary Hazel Smith.[2] The DJ asked Smith to suggest ways he could promote the songs of artists including Jennings, Willie Nelson and Kris Kristofferson. Based on the image and style of the performers, Smith was inspired by Jennings' album and its title track and said that the songs should be promoted as "Outlaw".[19][20] The title track coined the term "Outlaw" to refer to country music's Outlaw subgenre.[21][22]

In 2013, Ladies Love Outlaws was remastered and made available for download by Legacy Recordings.[23]

Personnel[edit]

Track listing[edit]

Side one
No. Title Writer(s) Recording date[7] Length
1. "Ladies Love Outlaws"   Lee Clayton January 11, 1972 2:32
2. "Never Been To Spain"   Hoyt Axton May 16, 1972 2:37
3. "Sure Didn't Take Him Long"   Waylon Jennings January 11, 1972 2:21
4. "Crazy Arms"   Ralph Mooney, Chuck Seals August 31, 1971 2:34
5. "Revelation"   Bobby Braddock September 1, 1971 3:14
Side two
No. Title Writer(s) Recording date[7] Length
1. "Delta Dawn"   Larry Collins, Alex Harvey May 16, 1972 3:20
2. "Frisco Depot"   Mickey Newbury March 9, 1972 4:58
3. "Thanks"   Phil Coulter , Bill Martin July 14, 1970 2:25
4. "I Think It's Time She Learned"   Waylon Jennings , Eddy Mirriam May 12, 1971 2:47
5. "Under Your Spell Again" (with Jessi Colter) Buck Owens, Dusty Rhodes March 11, 1971 2:54

Chart positions[edit]

Album[edit]

Chart (1972) Peak
position
Billboard's Top Country albums 11

Singles[edit]

Song Chart (1971) Peak
"Under Your Spell Again" (with Jessi Colter) Hot Country songs 39

Footnotes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Bauman, Richard; Abrahams, Roger (2011). And Other Neighbourly Names: Social Process and Cultural Image in Texas Folklore. University of Texas Press. ISBN 978-0-292-75737-0. 
  • Billboard staff (1971). "Hot Country Singles". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media, Inc) 83 (30). ISSN 0006-2510. 
  • Billboard staff (1972). "Hot Country Singles". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media, Inc) 84 (51). ISSN 0006-2510. 
  • Bogdanov, Vladimir ; Woodstra, Chris ; Erlewine, Stephen Thomas (2003). All Music Guide to Country: The Definitive Guide to Country Music. Backbeat books. ISBN 978-0-879-30760-8. 
  • Bowman, David (1999). "Sharps & flats". Salon (Salon Media Group, Inc). Retrieved December 10, 2013. 
  • Flippo, Chet (2011). "He Was the Sound Behind Waylon Jennings, Buck Owens and Merle Haggard". CMT.com (Country Music Television, Inc). Retrieved December 10, 2013. 
  • Glaser, Dennis (2011). Music City's Defining Decade. Xlibris Corporation. ISBN 978-1-462-82507-3. 
  • Gross, Terry (2000). "Waylon Jennings: An Outlaw Opens Up Musically". NPR. (Interview) (NPR.org). Retrieved December 10, 2013. 
  • Hilburn, Robert (1972). A rugged exciting, somewhat renegade singer (LP). Waylon Jennings. RCA Victor. RCA LSP 4751. 
  • Jennings, Waylon; Kaye, Lenny (1996). Waylon: An Autobiography. Warner Books. ISBN 978-0-446-51865-9. 
  • Jurek, Thom (2012). "Ladies Love Outlaws - Waylon Jennings". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved December 10, 2013. 
  • Kingsbury, Paul; McCall, Michael; Rumble, John (1998). The Encyclopedia of Country Music. ISBN 978-0-195-39563-1. 
  • Legacy Recordings staff (2013). "Make Available for Download!". Retrieved December 10, 2013. 
  • Lewis, George (1993). All that Glitters: Country Music in America. Popular Press. ISBN 978-0-879-72574-7. 
  • Lyra, Franciszek (2001). American Studies XIX. Warsaw University Press. 
  • Mellard, Jason (2013). Progressive Country: How the 1970s Transformed the Texan in Popular Culture. University of Texas Press. ISBN 978-0-292-75300-6. 
  • Moritz, Charles (1982). Current Biography Yearbook: 1981. H.W Wilson Co. 
  • Morrison, Craig (2010). "Outlaw Music". Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Retrieved December 10, 2013. 
  • Streissguth, Michael (2013). Outlaw: Waylon, Willie, Kris, and the Renegades of Nashville. Harper Collins. ISBN 978-0-062-03820-3. 
  • Tudor, Dean (1979). Grass roots music. Libraries Unlimited, Inc. ISBN 978-0-872-87133-5. 
  • Wolff, Kurt (2000). Country Music: The Rough Guide. Rough Guides. ISBN 978-1-858-28534-4.