Ladislaus III of Hungary
|Ladislaus depicted in|
|King of Hungary and Croatia|
|Coronation||26 August 1204|
|Father||Emeric of Hungary|
|Mother||Constance of Aragon|
|Died||7 May 1205 (aged 4–5)
Ladislaus III (Hungarian: III. László, Croatian: Ladislav III, Slovak: Ladislav III; c. 1200 – 7 May 1205) was King of Hungary and Croatia between 1204 and 1205. Being the only child of Emeric of Hungary, he was crowned king upon the orders of his ill father who wanted to secure his infant son's succession in his lifetime. King Emeric nominated his brother, Andrew, regent for the period of Ladislaus's minority. However, Duke Andrew ignored the child king's interests, forcing Ladislaus's mother, Constance of Aragon to flee to Austria together with her son. He died in Vienna.
Infancy (c. 1200–1204)
Ladislaus was the only known child of King Emeric of Hungary and his wife, Constance of Aragon. The exact date of his birth is unknown, but he must have been born around 1200, according to historians Gyula Kristó and Ferenc Makk. In an attempt to secure a smooth succession for his infant son, King Emeric, who had fallen seriously ill, ordered Ladislaus's coronation in his lifetime. The ceremony was performed on 26 August 1204 by John, Archbishop of Kalocsa. King Emeric was also reconciled with his defiant younger brother, Andrew, whom he had earlier imprisoned, nominating him regent for the time of Ladislaus's minority.
King Emeric fell ill with a type of incurable illness. Therefore, when he knew his final hour was approaching, he sent with all haste and had his brother released from custody and brought to him. When Andrew appeared before the king, the king made his will in his presence, entrusting to him the guardianship of his son and the administration of the entire kingdom until the ward should reach the age of majority.
The child king (1204–1205)
On 30 November 1204, King Emeric died and Ladislaus succeeded his father. Pope Innocent III sent a letter to Duke Andrew, warning him to respect the child-king's interests. However, the Regent even seized the money that King Emeric had deposited in the Pilis Abbey in favor of his son. Considering her son's position insecure, Queen Constance decided to flee to Austria, taking Ladislaus with her. Although Duke Andrew made every effort to capture them before they reached the frontier, the Queen Dowager and her son arrived in Vienna. Leopold VI, Duke of Austria, who was a cousin of King Emeric and Duke Andrew, was willing to give shelter to the child king, although Duke Andrew threatened him with an invasion. However, the child Ladislaus died on 7 May 1205. His corpse was carried to Székesfehérvár where he was buried in the cathedral.
After [King Emeric] reigned his son Ladislaus, who was crowned on August 26, a Thursday. He reigned six months and five days. He departed to the Lord ... on May 7. His body rests at Alba.
|Ancestors of Ladislaus III of Hungary|
- Kristó & Makk 1996, p. 227, Appendix 4.
- Kristó & Makk 1996, p. 227.
- Érszegi & Solymosi 1981, p. 127.
- Bartl et al. 2002, p. 30.
- Érszegi & Solymosi 1981, pp. 126-127.
- Engel 2001, p. 89.
- Archdeacon Thomas of Split: History of the Bishops of Salona and Split (ch. 23.), p. 143.
- Kristó & Makk 1996, pp. 227-228.
- Kristó & Makk 1996, p. 228.
- The Hungarian Illuminated Chronicle (ch. 173.123), p. 139.
- Kristó & Makk 1996, p. 225, Appendices 2-4.
- Runciman 1989, p. 345, Appendix III.
- Archdeacon Thomas of Split: History of the Bishops of Salona and Split (Latin text by Olga Perić, edited, translated and annotated by Damir Karbić, Mirjana Matijević Sokol and James Ross Sweeney) (2006). CEU Press. ISBN 963-7326-59-6.
- The Hungarian Illuminated Chronicle: Chronica de Gestis Hungarorum (Edited by Dezső Dercsényi) (1970). Corvina, Taplinger Publishing. ISBN 0-8008-4015-1.
- Bartl, Július; Čičaj, Viliam; Kohútova, Mária; Letz, Róbert; Segeš, Vladimír; Škvarna, Dušan (2002). Slovak History: Chronology & Lexicon. Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers, Slovenské Pedegogické Nakladatel'stvo. ISBN 0-86516-444-4.
- Engel, Pál (2001). The Realm of St Stephen: A History of Medieval Hungary, 895–1526. I.B. Tauris Publishers. ISBN 1-86064-061-3.
- (Hungarian) Érszegi, Géza; Solymosi, László (1981). "Az Árpádok királysága, 1000–1301 [The Monarchy of the Árpáds, 1000–1301]". In Solymosi, László. Magyarország történeti kronológiája, I: a kezdetektől 1526-ig [Historical Chronology of Hungary, Volume I: From the Beginning to 1526]. Akadémiai Kiadó. pp. 79–187. ISBN 963-05-2661-1.
- (Hungarian) Kristó, Gyula; Makk, Ferenc (1996). Az Árpád-ház uralkodói [Rulers of the House of Árpád]. I.P.C. Könyvek. ISBN 963-7930-97-3.
- Runciman, Steven (1989). A History of the Crusades, Volume II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem and the Frankish East 1100–1187. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-06162-8.
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Ladislaus III of HungaryBorn: c. 1200 Died: 7 May 1205
|King of Hungary and Croatia