Lady Abahai

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the Qing Dynasty emperor known as Abahai, see Hong Taiji.
Not to be confused with Abatai or Empress Xiaolie.
Lady Abahai
Spouse Nurhaci
Issue Ajige
Dorgon
Dodo
Posthumous name
Empress Xiaoliegongminxianzherenhezantianlishengwu
(孝烈恭敏獻哲仁和贊天儷聖武皇后)
House House of Ulanara (by birth)
House of Aisin Gioro (by marriage)
Born 1590
Died 1626 (aged 36)
Ulanara Abahai
Traditional Chinese 烏喇那拉·阿巴亥
Simplified Chinese 乌喇那拉·阿巴亥

Lady Abahai (Manchu: Abahai.png; 1590–1626) was the primary consort of Nurhaci, founder of the Qing Dynasty. She bore Nurhaci three sons - Ajige, Dorgon, and Dodo. She was erroneously identified with Nurhaci's son and successor, Hong Taiji, in earlier sources.

Biography[edit]

Lady Abahai was born of the Manchu Ula clan, a subgroup of the Nara clan. Her father was Mantai (滿泰), beile of the Ula clan. Under the arrangement of her uncle Bujantai, Lady Abahai was married to Nurhaci in 1602 when she was 12 years old. Following the death of Empress Xiaocigao (birth mother of Nurhaci's son and successor Hong Taiji) in 1603, Lady Abahai was granted the title of Grand Consort (大妃). She was forced to commit suicide in 1626 by her stepsons, including Hong Taiji, for fear that she might be a barrier to his succession.

Posthumous title[edit]

Lady Abahai was granted a posthumous title by her son Dorgon but was revoked after his death. Her full posthumous title is:

  • Empress Xiaoliegongminxianzherenhezantianlishengwu
    (孝烈恭敏獻哲仁和贊天儷聖武皇后 Xiàoliè Gōngmǐn Xiànzhé Rénhé Zàntiān Lìshèngwǔ Huánghòu)

Children[edit]

Lady Abahai bore Nurhaci three sons:

  • Ajige (阿濟格), Prince Ying of the First Rank (英親王)
  • Dorgon (多爾袞), Prince Ruizhong of the First Rank (睿忠親王)
  • Dodo (多鐸), Prince Yutong of the First Rank (豫通親王)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Hummel, Arthur William, ed. Eminent Chinese of the Ch'ing Period (1644-1912). 2 vols. Washington: United States Government Printing Office, 1943.

Succession[edit]

Preceded by
Dynasty created
Empress of the Qing Dynasty

(granted posthumously in 1626)

Succeeded by
Empress Xiaocigao