Lady Elizabeth Montacute
Effigy of Elizabeth Montfort in Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford
|Spouse(s)||William Montagu, 2nd Baron Montagu
Thomas Furnivall, Baron Furnivall
|Father||Sir Peter Montfort|
|Mother||Maud de la Mare|
|Buried||Priory of St Frideswide, Oxford|
Lady Elizabeth de Montfort (died August 1354) was an English noblewoman.
Elizabeth Montfort was the granddaughter of Peter de Montfort of Beaudesert Castle by Alice Audley, and the daughter of Peter de Montfort (d. before 4 March 1287) and Maud de la Mare, daughter of Sir Henry de la Mare (d.1257), of Ashtead, Surrey. She was born at Beaudesert Castle in Warwickshire.
Her marriage to William Montagu was arranged by Eleanor of Castile, the first wife of King Edward I of England. Edward was eager to make peace with the aristocracy after the battle, and things were fairly well patched up within a few years. His wife’s role in arranging the marriage was part of an elaborate system of arranged marriages designed to reinforce the power of the King and his aristocracy.
Both Elizabeth and her husband came from wealthy families, and they donated some of their money to various causes. Elizabeth was a major benefactor of the Priory of St Frideswide, Oxford, now Christ Church Cathedral at Oxford University. Her tomb now lies between the Latin Chapel, whose construction she funded, and the Dean’s Chapel, where she was originally buried under its magnificent painted ceiling (now faded by time).
She also donated a large piece of land to St. Frideswide in exchange for a chantry. This meant that two chantry priests would say daily mass in black robes bearing the Montacute and Montfort coats of arms. This continued until the Reformation. This piece of land, just south of the church is now called Christ Church Meadow. Later, the path through this was named Christ Church Walk and is now a very popular attraction in Oxford.
Marriages and issue
- John Montagu, eldest son and heir, who in 1317 married his father's ward, Joan de Verdun (d. 2 October 1334), daughter and heir of Theobald de Verdun by Maud Mortimer, daughter of Edmund Mortimer, 2nd Baron Mortimer, in the royal chapel at Windsor Park, Berkshire, by whom he had no issue. He predeceased his father, and was buried at Lincoln Cathedral on 14 August 1317. His widow, Joan, married, on 24 February 1318, Sir Thomas Furnivall (d. October 1339), by whom she had three sons and two daughters.
- Edward Montagu (d. 14 July 1361), who married firstly, before 29 August 1338, Alice of Norfolk (d. before 30 January 1352), daughter and coheir of Thomas of Brotherton, and granddaughter of Edward I, by whom he had a son and four daughters. Alice of Norfolk is said to have died as the result of an assault by her husband and his retainers. He married secondly a wife named Joan, whose parentage is unknown, by whom he had a son and two daughters.
- Alice Montagu, eldest daughter, who married, before 27 January 1333, as his first wife, Sir Ralph Daubeney (3 March 1305 – c.1378), by whom she was the mother of Sir Giles Daubeney (d. 24 June 1386).
- Hawise Montagu, who married Sir Roger Bavent (d. 23 April 1355), by whom she had a daughter, Joan, who married Sir John Dauntsey (d.1391).
- Cokayne 1936, pp. 82, 123-8.
- Wigram 1896, p. 9.
- Cokayne 1936, p. 82.
- Gross 2004.
- Cokayne 1936, p. 81.
- Richardson IV 2011, p. 255.
- Cokayne 1926, pp. 583–4.
- Ormrod 2004.
- Waugh 2004.
- Richardson II 2011, pp. 631–5.
- Cokayne 1936, pp. 82, 84.
- Richardson II 2011, p. 635.
- Cokayne 1936, p. 85.
- Cokayne 1916, pp. 96–7.
- Robertson 1893-5, pp. 96-7.
- Wright 1836, p. 225.
- Katherine is not mentioned in the St Frideswide cartulary.
- Burls, Robin J., Society, Economy and Lordship in Devon in the Age of the First Courtenay Earls, c.1297-1377, PhD thesis, University of Oxford, 2002, p. 135 Retrieved 21 October 2013.
- Sturman, Winnifred M., Barking Abbey: A Study in its External and Internal Administration from the Conquest to the Dissolution, PhD thesis, University of London, 1961, pp. 375, 382, 400-1, 404 Retrieved 21 October 2013.
- Copinger 1910, pp. 155-6.
- Shaw 1906, p. 5.
- Elwes 1876, pp. 263, 280.
- Richardson IV 2011, p. 183.
- Dauntsey, Sir John (d.1391), of Dauntsey, Wiltshire, History of Parliament Retrieved 22 October 2013.
- 'Norton Bavant', A History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume 8: Warminster, Westbury and Whorwellsdown Hundreds (1965), pp. 47-58 Retrieved 22 October 2013.
- 'Parishes: Fifield Bavant', A History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume 13: South-west Wiltshire: Chalke and Dunworth hundreds (1987), pp. 60-66 Retrieved 22 October 2013.
- Cokayne 1926, p. 582.
- Cokayne 1936, pp. 82, 85.
- Cokayne, George Edward (1916). The Complete Peerage, edited by Vicary Gibbs IV. London: St. Catherine Press.
- Cokayne, George Edward (1926). The Complete Peerage, edited by Vicary Gibbs and H.A. Doubleday V. London: St. Catherine Press.
- Cokayne, George Edward (1936). The Complete Peerage, edited by H.A. Doubleday and Lord Howard de Walden IX. London: St. Catherine Press.
- Copinger, W.A. (1910). The Manors of Suffolk 6. Manchester: Taylor, Garnett, Evans & Co. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
- Elwes, Dudley George Cary (1876). A History of the Castles, Mansions and Manors of Western Sussex. London: Londmans & Co. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
- Gross, Anthony (2004). "Montagu, William, second Lord Montagu (c.1285–1319)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/19000. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Ormrod, W.M. (2004). "Montagu, William, first earl of Salisbury (1301–1344)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/19001. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G., ed. Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families II (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 1449966349.
- Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G., ed. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families IV (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 1460992709.
- Robertson, Herbert (1893-5). Stemmata Robertson et Durdin. London: Mitchell and Hughes. Retrieved 22 October 2013. Check date values in:
- Shaw, William Arthur (1906). The Knights of England II. London: Sherratt and Hughes. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
- Waugh, Scott L. (2004). "Thomas, first earl of Norfolk (1300–1338)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/27196. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Wigram, Spencer Robert (1896). The Cartulary of the Monastery of St. Frideswide at Oxford II. Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 9. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
- Wright, Thomas (1836). The History and Topography of the County of Sussex. London: George Virtue. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
- 'Elizabeth De Montacute née Montfort', History of Henley Series Retrieved 22 October 2013