Ladybank

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Ladybank
Scots: Leddybank
Commercial Street Ladybank.jpg
Commercial Street, Ladybank
Ladybank is located in Fife
Ladybank
Ladybank
 Ladybank shown within Fife
Population 1,582 (2006 estimate)[1]
OS grid reference NO306096
Council area Fife
Lieutenancy area Fife
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Cupar
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament North East Fife
Scottish Parliament North East Fife
List of places
UK
Scotland

Coordinates: 56°16′28″N 3°07′19″W / 56.2744°N 3.122°W / 56.2744; -3.122

Ladybank (About this sound listen  Scots: Leddybank)[2] is a town and former burgh of Fife, Scotland. It is about 37 kilometres (23 mi) north of Edinburgh, 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) southwest of Cupar, close to the River Eden. Its 2006 population was estimated at 1,582.[1]

History[edit]

Before the 18th century, this area was mostly marshland. In 1247 Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester granted the monks of Lindores Abbey the right to cut peat from a peat-moss called Monegre,[3] to which monks gave the name Our Lady's Bog[4] (the southwestern part of the village is still called Monkstown). Over time this name was shortened to Ladybog.[5]

When the Edinburgh and Northern Railway was constructed in the 1840s, a junction was built here with lines heading towards Perth and Dundee. An engine depot (of which only the disused locomotive shed survives) and a railway station were constructed at the junction. The station was named 'Ladybank Station' rather than 'Ladybog Station',[6] and the village that developed around the station took the name Ladybank. The Fife and Kinross Railway, which opened in 1857, used Ladybank as its eastern terminus further increasing the importance of the station. Ladybank railway station remains largely unaltered, and may be the oldest unaltered station in Scotland.

The village became a burgh in 1878, and became an industrial centre, with linen weaving, coal mining, and malting the principal industries.

Governance[edit]

Local issues in Ladybank are governed by the Ladybank and District Community Council.[7] It is in the Howe of Fife and Tay Coast ward of Fife Council. It is part of the North East Fife Scottish Parliament constituency, which is represented (as of the 2007 election) in the Scottish Parliament by Iain Smith of the Scottish Liberal Democrats.[8] It is also part of the North East Fife United Kingdom Parliament constituency, which is represented in the Parliament of the United Kingdom by Menzies Campbell, of the Liberal Democrats.[9]

Geography[edit]

Ladybank is located about 37 kilometres (23 mi) north of Edinburgh, 23 kilometres (14 mi) southwest of Dundee, and 24 kilometres (15 mi) southeast of Perth. It is at OS grid reference NO 30 09, about 45 metres (148 ft) above mean sea level.[10] It is situated in the Howe of Fife, a narrow low-lying plain that follows the course of the River Eden, known for its agriculture.[11][12]

Demography[edit]

At the time of the United Kingdom 2001 Census the population of Ladybank was 1,487 people.[13] The racial composition of Ladybank's population was 99.6% white (White British, White Irish, or White Other), 0.13% Asian, 0.13% black, and 0.13% mixed or other race.[14] Below is a table outlining population change of Ladybank burgh since 1901.

Year 1891 1901 1911 1921 1931 1951 1991 2001
Population 1,200 1,340 1,266 1,168 1,128 1,149 1,373 1,487
Source: A Vision of Britain through Time[15]

Landmarks[edit]

Ladybank Parish Church was constructed in 1874–76 by architects Peddie & Kinnear.[16] Ladybank golf course was founded in 1879 and a six-hole course designed by Old Tom Morris. The course was expanded to 18 holes in 1961 and has been used as a qualifier for The Open Championship.[17]

Transport[edit]

The main road transport route through Ladybank is the A92, which runs along the western edge of the town connecting with Dundee to the north and the M90 motorway to the south.[10] Ladybank railway station is a mainline railway station with regular service on the First ScotRail routes between Edinburgh and Dundee/Perth.[18]

Education[edit]

Ladybank School, constructed in the 1890s, is a primary school. It serves Ladybank and the outlying hamlets of Edenstown and Giffordtown, and is attended by 138 children, who are split into six classes. There are no secondary schools in the town; most secondary school age children attend Bell Baxter High School in Cupar or St Andrew's RC High School in Kirkcaldy.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population Estimates for Towns and Villages in Fife" (PDF). Fife Council. March 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-07. [dead link]
  2. ^ The Online Scots Dictionary
  3. ^ Dowden, John, ed. (1903). Chartulary of the Abbey of Lindores, 1195-1479. Edinburgh: The University Press. pp. 178–180. 
  4. ^ Johnston, James Brown (1903). Place-names of Scotland (2nd ed.). Edinburgh: David Douglas. p. 192. OCLC 2204716. 
  5. ^ Laing, Alexander (1876). Lindores Abbey and its Burgh of Newburgh: their history and annals. Edinburgh: Edmonton and Douglas. p. 78. 
  6. ^ Barrett, Michael (1900). "Scottish Benedictine Houses of the Past". The Dublin Review 126. London: Burns and Oates. p. 292. 
  7. ^ "Ladybank & District Community Council". fifedirect. Fife Council. Retrieved 2009-12-19. 
  8. ^ "2007 Election Results". Scottish Parliament. Retrieved 2009-12-19. 
  9. ^ "Fife North East". The Guardian. Retrieved 2009-12-19. 
  10. ^ a b "Grid reference NO 306 096". Get A Map. Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 2009-01-16. 
  11. ^ "Howe of Fife". The Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 2009-12-27. 
  12. ^ Geikie, Archibald (1900). The Geology of Central and Western Fife and Kinross. Glasgow: Her Majesty's Stationery Office. pp. 3–4. OCLC 13236917. 
  13. ^ "KS01 Usual resident population". United Kingdom Census 2001. General Register Office for Scotland. Retrieved 19 December 2009. 
  14. ^ "Table UV10: Ethnic group". Scotland's Census Results Online. General Register Office for Scotland. Retrieved 2009-12-26. 
  15. ^ "Ladybank Burgh: Total Population". A Vision of Britain Through Time. Great Britain Historical GIS Project. Retrieved 2009-12-19. 
  16. ^ Gifford, John (1988). Fife. Yale University Press. p. 302. ISBN 0-300-09673-9. 
  17. ^ Campbell, Malcolm; Satterly, Glynn (1999). "Ladybank". The Scottish Golf Book. Sports Publishing. pp. 111–113. ISBN 1-58382-053-1. 
  18. ^ "Glasgow & Edinburgh–Aberdeen Train Times". Scotrail website. First Scotrail. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  19. ^ "Education in Ladybank". Ladybank web portal. Smart Community Fife. Retrieved 2009-12-26. 

External links[edit]