Lae Nadzab Airport

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This article is about Nadzab Airport. For Nadzab Village, see Nadzab. For the old airfield in Lae, see Lae Airfield. For the Marshall Islands, see Lae Airport.


Lae Nadzab Airport
IATA: LAEICAO: AYNZ
LAE is located in Papua New Guinea
LAE
LAE
Location of airport in Papua New Guinea
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Papua New Guinea Office of Civil Aviation
Location Lae / Nadzab,
Papua New Guinea
Elevation AMSL 239 ft / 73 m
Coordinates 06°34′11″S 146°43′34″E / 6.56972°S 146.72611°E / -6.56972; 146.72611
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
09/27 8,004 2,440 Asphalt
Source: DAFIF[1][2]


Lae Nadzab Airport is a regional airport located at Nadzab 42 kilometres (26 mi) outside of Lae, Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea along the Highlands Highway. It is served by both private and regional aircraft with domestic flights. The airport replaced the Lae Airfield in 1977.

Nadzab is located on the Erap River, 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) North of the Markham River. The settlements of Gabmatsung/Gabmatzung and Gabsonkek are located on the East side of the airport.[3]

History[edit]

In about 1910 the Gabmatsung/Gabmazung Lutheran mission station was established at Nadzab.[4] and established an airfield for use by small planes until the outbreak of the Pacific War when it became overgrown with dense kunai grass.[5]

Panoramic photo of Nadzab airport in Lae, Papua New Guinea

WW2[edit]

Main article: Landing at Nadzab

In March 1942, the Japanese occupied Lae and Salamaua.

Between April 1943 and July 1943, the Allied Geographical Section of South West Pacific Area (command) conducted reconnaissance after the Japanese invasion. The Terrain Handbook states at page 18;

Nazdab is located twenty-seven miles NW of Lae by road 900 yds by an indefinite width. Covered with kunai grass. Good dispursal area. Emergency landing ground for heavy freight planes. Extension to 2000 yds thought possible.[6]''

The first parachute jump for the 503rd Parachute Regiment was during the Allied paratrooper assault on 5 September 1943. In conjunction with the Amphibious Landing East of Malahang, was to be the start of the liberation of Lae from Japanese Occupation.[4]

After Lae was liberated, the United States Army built Nadzab airport and developed it into a massive airbase complex. It was home to many United States Army Air Forces and Royal Australian Air Force units during the war when it was a forward base of operations against Japanese positions, and was vital afterwards as a staging area.

Two parallel runways were built, running roughly east to west. Number 1 Strip was located to the north. Parallel and to the south was Number 2 Strip, closest to the Markham River. Towards the end of the war, the 21st Air Depot Unit at Nadzab began to manage a storage and reclamation area for excess Allied aircraft and salvage area for repairs. The CRTC (Combat Replacement Training Center) flew out of the base into 1945 until it was turned over to the New Guinea government.

In 1962, the main strip at Nadzab was resealed by the Australian Commonwealth Department of Works and lengthened to make it suitable for Mirage fighters, even though they never materialised. However, it was always maintained by the Australian Department of Civil Aviation as an alternative to Lae in poor weather conditions.[5]

Today, the former 'East Base' or No. 1 & No. 2 runways are still in use by Air Niugini and for civil aviation, mainly servicing Lae which is 45 kilometres (28 mi) away. Roads in the area were built by American forces.[7][8][9]

Photo of Nadzab airport sign in Lae Papua New Guinea

The airfield in Lae was operating at the same time as Nadzab but business was significantly lost to the new airport complex became fully operational in 1977. Fierce political squabbling over the pros and cons of Lae and Nadzab continued until 1982, when, in an unsolved mystery, the Lae airport terminal was burned down.[10]

Lae airfield continued to be used by Air Niugini and other third-level airlines until 1987. It was also used as the base for the Papua New Guinea Defence Force until it was transferred to Port Moresby in 1992.[10]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Air Niugini Buka, Hoskins, Lorengau, Port Moresby
Airlines PNG Alotau, Goroka, Hoskins, Madang, Popondetta, Port Moresby, Rabaul
North Coast Aviation Bulolo, Finschhafen, Kabwum, Lablab, Omora, Satwag Wau, Yalumet
Travel Air Hoskins, Madang, Port Moresby, Rabaul, Wewak, Vanimo

Allied units assigned to Nadzab[edit]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  1. ^ Airport information for AYNZ from DAFIF (effective October 2006)
  2. ^ Airport information for LAE at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective Oct. 2006).
  3. ^ SB 55-10 Markham (5.4 MB). "Series T504, U.S. Army Map Service". Home > Finding Information > PCL Map Collection > New Guinea AMS Topographic Maps. University of Texas at Austin. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  4. ^ a b "Nadzab airborn operation". Official Website of the 503d Parachute RCT Association of WWII. Retrieved 28 February 2014. 
  5. ^ a b Malum Nalu (April 24, 2009). "Nadzab Airport". Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  6. ^ Allied Geographical Section-Southwest Pacific Area-Terrain Handbook 4 (No.738). Lae and the Lower Markham Valley28 July [1] accessed 30 January 2014
  7. ^  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.
  8. ^ Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.
  9. ^ www.pacificwrecks.com
  10. ^ a b The old Lae airport, Dec 03, 2007, Malum Nalu accessed 8 Jan 2014
  11. ^ "P2-006 Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 27 July 2010. 

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ see Edward John Hunt and Repatriation Commission [1992] AATA 85, Administrative Appeals Tribunal (Australia)