Lafayette Parish, Louisiana

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Lafayette Parish, Louisiana
Lafayette Parish Courthouse.jpg
Lafayette Parish Courthouse
Map of Louisiana highlighting Lafayette Parish
Location in the state of Louisiana
Map of the United States highlighting Louisiana
Louisiana's location in the U.S.
Founded January 17, 1823
Named for Marquis de la Fayette
Seat Lafayette
Largest city Lafayette
Area
 • Total 270 sq mi (700 km2)
 • Land 270 sq mi (699 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (1 km2), 0.17%
Population
 • (2010) 221,578
 • Density 706/sq mi (273/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.lafayettela.gov

Lafayette Parish (French: Paroisse de Lafayette) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 221,578.[1] The parish seat is Lafayette.[2]

Lafayette Parish is part of the Lafayette Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Lafayette–Acadiana Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

See History of Lafayette, Louisiana for main article.

Geography[edit]

The parish has a total area of 270 square miles (699.3 km2), of which 270 square miles (699.3 km2) is land and 0 square miles (0.0 km2) (0.17%) is water.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent parishes[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 5,653
1840 7,841 38.7%
1850 6,720 −14.3%
1860 9,003 34.0%
1870 10,388 15.4%
1880 13,235 27.4%
1890 15,966 20.6%
1900 22,825 43.0%
1910 28,733 25.9%
1920 30,841 7.3%
1930 38,827 25.9%
1940 43,941 13.2%
1950 57,743 31.4%
1960 84,656 46.6%
1970 109,716 29.6%
1980 150,017 36.7%
1990 164,762 9.8%
2000 190,503 15.6%
2010 221,578 16.3%
Est. 2012 227,055 2.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[3]
2012 Estimate[4]

Home to a number of Cajun peoples, as of the census[5] of 2000, there were 190,503 people, 72,372 households, and 48,851 families residing in the parish. The population density was 706 people per square mile (273/km²). There were 78,122 housing units at an average density of 290 per square mile (112/km²). The racial makeup of the parish was 73.36% White, 23.80% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 1.08% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.52% from other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. 1.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 14.37% reported speaking French or Cajun French at home, while 1.73% speak Spanish.[1]

There were 72,372 households out of which 36.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.20% were married couples living together, 14.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.50% were non-families. 25.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the parish the population was spread out with 27.40% under the age of 18, 11.70% from 18 to 24, 31.20% from 25 to 44, 20.20% from 45 to 64, and 9.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 94.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.40 males.

The median income for a household in the parish was $36,518, and the median income for a family was $45,158. Males had a median income of $36,428 versus $22,751 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $19,371. About 11.80% of families and 15.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.20% of those under age 18 and 15.60% of those age 65 or over.

Presidential Election Results[edit]

The parish often went for the Democratic candidate before the 1970s, but has trended Republican since that time.[6] The parish went for the Republican Presidential candidate from 1992 to 2000 and did so by generally increasing margins. The results in 2004 gave Republican George W. Bush 64% of the vote and 57,732 votes while Democrat John F. Kerry won 35% of the vote and 31,210 votes. In the 2008 election Lafayette Parish cast the majority of its votes for Republican John McCain. He won 65% of the vote and 62,055 votes. Democrat Barack Obama finished far behind him winning 34% of the vote and 32,145 votes.[7]

Cities and towns[edit]

Map of Lafayette Parish, Louisiana With Municipal Labels

Incorporated areas[edit]

Numbers may vary from official totals as Broussard and Duson contain small areas in adjoining parishes.[citation needed]

  • Total of 154,781 people in incorporated areas.

Unincorporated areas[edit]

  • Ridge/Judice
  • Milton

Notable natives and residents[edit]

National Guard[edit]

The HQ and other units of the 256th IBCT reside in the city of Lafayette, Louisiana. This unit of over 3,500 Soldiers has deployed twice to Iraq, 2004-5 and 2010. This unit has also responded to disasters such as: Hurricane Katrina, Hurricane Gustav, Hurricane Isaac, and the Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 10, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved August 10, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved August 10, 2013. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ David Leip's Election Atlas
  7. ^ The New York Times electoral map
  8. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963. 

External links[edit]

Geology

Coordinates: 30°13′N 92°04′W / 30.21°N 92.06°W / 30.21; -92.06