Lafayette Parish, Louisiana
|Lafayette Parish, Louisiana|
Location in the state of Louisiana
Louisiana's location in the U.S.
|Founded||January 17, 1823|
|Named for||Marquis de la Fayette|
270 sq mi (700 km²)
270 sq mi (699 km²)
0 sq mi (1 km²), 0.17%
706/sq mi (273/km²)
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Lafayette Parish (French: Paroisse de Lafayette) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. The parish seat is Lafayette. According to the 2010 Census, its population was recorded as 221,578.
See History of Lafayette, Louisiana for main article.
The parish has a total area of 270 square miles (699.3 km2), of which 270 square miles (699.3 km2) is land and 0 square miles (0.0 km2) (0.17%) is water.
Major highways 
- Interstate 10
- Interstate 49
- U.S. Highway 90
- U.S. Highway 167
- Louisiana Highway 89
- Louisiana Highway 92
- Louisiana Highway 93
- Louisiana Highway 96
Adjacent parishes 
- St. Landry Parish (north)
- St. Martin Parish (east)
- Iberia Parish (southeast)
- Vermilion Parish (south)
- Acadia Parish (west)
||St. Landry Parish|
|Acadia Parish||St. Martin Parish|
|Vermilion Parish||Iberia Parish|
National protected area 
- Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve (part, in Lafayette)
Home to a number of Cajun peoples, as of the census of 2000, there were 190,503 people, 72,372 households, and 48,851 families residing in the parish. The population density was 706 people per square mile (273/km²). There were 78,122 housing units at an average density of 290 per square mile (112/km²). The racial makeup of the parish was 73.36% White, 23.80% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 1.08% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.52% from other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. 1.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 14.37% reported speaking French or Cajun French at home, while 1.73% speak Spanish.
|Lafayette Parish Census Data|
There were 72,372 households out of which 36.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.20% were married couples living together, 14.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.50% were non-families. 25.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.12.
In the parish the population was spread out with 27.40% under the age of 18, 11.70% from 18 to 24, 31.20% from 25 to 44, 20.20% from 45 to 64, and 9.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 94.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.40 males.
The median income for a household in the parish was $36,518, and the median income for a family was $45,158. Males had a median income of $36,428 versus $22,751 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $19,371. About 11.80% of families and 15.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.20% of those under age 18 and 15.60% of those age 65 or over.
Presidential Election Results 
The parish often went for the Democratic candidate before the 1970s, but has trended Republican since that time. The parish went for the Republican Presidential candidate from 1992 to 2000 and did so by generally increasing margins. The results in 2004 gave Republican George W. Bush 64% of the vote and 57,732 votes while Democrat John F. Kerry won 35% of the vote and 31,210 votes. In the 2008 election Lafayette Parish cast the majority of its votes for Republican John McCain. He won 65% of the vote and 62,055 votes. Democrat Barack Obama finished far behind him winning 34% of the vote and 32,145 votes.
Cities and towns 
Incorporated areas 
- Broussard - 8,197
- Carencro - 7,526
- Duson - 1,716
- Lafayette - 120,623
- Scott - 8,614
- Youngsville - 8,105
Numbers may vary from official totals as Broussard and Duson contain small areas in adjoining parishes.
- Total of 154,781 people in incorporated areas.
Unincorporated areas 
Notable natives and residents 
- Alexander Mouton, (1804–1885), born in Attakapas, United States Senator and Governor of Louisiana.
- Jefferson Caffery, (1886-1974), U.S. Ambassador to El Salvador,Colombia, Cuba, Brazil, France and Egypt
National Guard 
The HQ and other units of the 256th IBCT reside in the city of Lafayette, Louisiana. This unit of over 3,500 Soldiers has deployed twice to Iraq, 2004-5 and 2010. This unit has also responded to disasters such as: Hurricane Katrina, Hurricane Gustav, Hurricane Isaac, and the Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill.
See also 
- Lafayette Parish Sheriff's Office
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Lafayette Parish, Louisiana
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- United States Census Bureau. "Louisiana Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- David Leip's Election Atlas
- The New York Times electoral map
- Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963.
- Lafayette Consolidated Government
- Lafayette Economic Development Authority
- Lafayette Convention and Visitors Center
- Lafayette Public Library
- Lafayette Parish Clerk of Court
- Lafayette Parish American History and Genealogy Project
- Heinrich, P. V., and W. J. Autin, 2000, Baton Rouge 30 x 60 minute geologic quadrangle. Louisiana Geological Survey, Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
- Heinrich, P. V., J. Snead, and R. P. McCulloh, 2003, Crowley 30 x 60 minute geologic quadrangle. Louisiana Geological Survey, Baton Rouge, Louisiana.