|— Province —|
|• Total||3,843 km2 (1,484 sq mi)|
|• Total||424,100 |
|Main languages||Pashto, Persian|
Laghman (Pashto/Persian: لغمان), also known as Lamghan or Lamghanat in earlier Muslim texts, is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan. Located in the eastern portion of Afghanistan, its capital is Mihtarlam.
Early History 
Located currently at the Kabul Museum are Aramaic inscriptions that were found in Laghman which indicated an ancient trade route from India to Palmyra. Aramaic was the bureaucratic script language of the Achaemenids whose influence had extended toward Laghman.
Early accounts 
|“||For several centuries the native dynasty had ceased to exist, great families fought for preeminence, and the state had recently become a dependency of Kapis. The country produced upland rice and sugar-cane, and it had much wood but little fruit; the climate was mild with little frost and no snow. [...] There were above ten Buddhist monasteries and a few Brethren the most of whom were Mahayanists. The Hindoos had a score or two of temples and they were very numerous.||”|
— Xuan Zang's Records of Western Lands of the Great T'ang period, translation by Thomas Watters, 1904
By the tenth century, Laghman was still part of Indian cultural and religious world. Hudud al-'alam which was finished in 982 specifically mentioned the presence of idol temples there. According to Muslim historian Al Utbi, the region was converted to Islam towards the end of the tenth century by the Ghaznavids, led by Abu Mansur Sebük Tigin:
|“||The Amir marched out towards Lamghan, which is a city celebrated for its great strength and abounding in wealth. He conquered it and set fire to the places in its vicinity which were inhabited by infidels, and demolishing the idol-temples, he established Islam in them, He marched and captured other cities and killed the polluted wretches, destroying the idolatrous and gratifying the Musulmans. After wounding and killing beyond all measure, his hands and those of his friends became cold in counting the value of the plundered property. On the completion of his conquest he returned and promulgated accounts of the victories obtained for Islam, and every one, great and small, concurred in rejoicing over this result and thanking God.||”|
— Al Utbi, Tarikh Yamini
During the early years of the 16th century, the Moghul prince Babur spent much time in Laghman, and in Babur-nama (Book of Babur) he expatiated on the beauty of forested hillsides and the fertility of the valley bottoms of the region. Laghman was recognized as a dependent district of Kabul province in the Mughal era, and according to Babur-nama, "Greater Lamghanat" included the Muslim-settled part of the Kafiristan, including the easterly one of Kunar River. Laghman was the base for expeditions against the non-believers and was frequently mentioned in accounts of jihads led by Mughal emperor Akbar's younger brother, Mohammad Hakim, who was the governor of Kabul.
Modern era 
During the Soviet-Afghan war and the battles that followed between the rivaling warlords, many homes and business establishments in the province were destroyed. In addition, the Soviets employed a "barbarism" strategy that targeted and destroyed the agricultural infrastructure of Laghman.
The Alingar and Alinshang rivers pass through Laghman, as the province is known for its lushness. Laghman has sizable amounts of irrigated land as one can find scores of fruits and vegetables from Laghman in Kabul, notably cucumbers. Other main crops in Laghman include rice, wheat and cotton as many people living in the area are involved in agricultural trade and business.
Laghman also has an array of precious stones and minerals, as it is well known for being a relatively untapped source of the Tourmaline and Spodumene gemstones which are reported to be in abundance at the northern portions of the province.
|This section requires expansion. (March 2009)|
|Baad Pukh||New District|
Notable people 
- Abdul Zahir – former Prime Minister of Afghanistan
- Zalmay Khalilzad- Fomer US Ambassador to Afghanistan 2004, Iraq and then in United Nations 2007.
- Mohammad Hanif Atmar – Former Interior Minister of Afghanistan 2010.
- Abdullah Laghmani - Former Deputy Intelligence Officer of Afghanistan 2009.
- Ismail Yoon - writer, political analyst, professor and owner of Zhwandoon TV.
- Haji Mohamed Karim -executive chief of laghman province 2009.
- Gh. Mustafa Baedaar -Director of Taglara Agency.
- Ab.Naseer "Himmat"
- Akim Ameenullah Khan- Ruler of laghman
- Hassan Zamir Safi- Historian, Professor of History in Kabul University
Singers and poets 
- Gul Muhammad "Gulakai"
- Gul Pacha Ulfat
- Ahmad Zia Habibyar
- Ahmad Zahir
- Shafiq Mureed
- Said Bahai Jan
- Hafizullah Khaled
- Raz.M Mujafer
See also 
- Cultural policy in Afghanistan; Studies and documents on cultural policies; 1975
- Asoka, Mauryan emperor of India (ca. 272-231 B.C.)
- The Aramaic Inscription of Asoka Found in Lampāka
- Kurt A. Behrend. Handbuch Der Orientalistik: India. The Buddhist Architecture of Gandhara, Part 2, Volume 1. p. 39.
- Thomas Watters (1904). On Yuan Chwang's travels in India, 629-645 A.D. Royal Asiatic Society.
- Annemarie Schimmel. "Islam in India and Pakistan". In CE Bosworth, E van Donzel, B Lewis, Ch. Pellet. The Encyclopaedia of Islam, Volume V. p. 649. ISBN 90-04-07819-3.
- Sir H. M. Elliot (1869). "Chapter II, Tarikh Yamini or Kitabu-l Yamini by Al Utbi". The History of India, as Told by Its Own Historians. The Muhammadan Period. Trubner and Co. p. 22.
- The History of India: The Hindu and Mahometan Periods, Mountstuart Elphinstone, pg 321
- The Garden of Eight Paradises: Babur and the Culture of Central Asia, Afghanistan
- How the Weak Win Wars: A Theory of Asymmetric Conflict, Arreguin-Toft, pg. 186
- Pegmatites of Laghman, Nuristan, Afghanistan
- Gemstones of Afghanistan, Chamberline, pg. 146
- http://www.nps.edu/programs/ccs/Docs/Executive%20Summaries/Laghman_Exec_Summary1.pdf. Missing or empty
- Laghman Provincial profile MRRD
||Panjshir Province||Nuristan Province|
|Kapisa Province||Kunar Province|
|Kabul Province||Nangarhar Province|