Location of Lagos State in Nigeria
|Date created||May 27, 1967|
|• Governor||Babatunde Fashola (APC)|
|• Total||3,577 km2 (1,381 sq mi)|
|Population (Lagos State Social Security Exercise 2006 Census)|
|• Rank||2nd of 36|
|• Density||2,500/km2 (6,500/sq mi)|
|• Total||$33.68 billion|
|• Per capita||$3,649|
|Time zone||WAT (UTC+01)|
|ISO 3166 code||NG-LA|
Lagos State is an administrative division of Nigeria, located in the southwestern part of the country. The smallest in area of Nigeria's states, Lagos State is arguably the most economically important state of the country, containing Lagos, the nation's largest urban area. The actual population total is disputed between the official Nigerian Census of 2006, and a much higher figure claimed by the Lagos State Government. Lagos State is located in the south-western part of the Nigerian Federation. On the North and East it is bounded by Ogun State. In the West it shares boundaries with the Republic of Benin. Behind its southern borders lies the Atlantic Ocean. 22% of its 3,577 km2 are lagoons and creeks.
Before the Portuguese name of Lagos had been adopted, Lagos' initial name was Eko which referred mainly to the island. The first to settle in Eko were the Aworis. The Awori hunters and fishermen had originally come from Ife-Ife to the coast. The name Eko comes either from the Yoruba "Oko" (cassava farm) or "Eko" (war camp). Over 650 years ago, the Oba of Bini sent warriors to Eko who were received in a welcoming manner by the residing Awori fishermen. The Bini Prince, Ado, who led the war party, was asked to become their leader. From that point on, Eko belonged to the kingdom of the Oba of Bini.
Lagos State was created on May 27, 1967 by virtue of State (Creation and Transitional Provisions) Decree No. 14 of 1967, which restructured Nigeria’s Federation into 12 states. Prior to this, Lagos Municipality had been administered by the Federal Government through the Federal Ministry of Lagos Affairs as the regional authority, while the Lagos City Council (LCC) governed the City of Lagos. Equally, the metropolitan areas (Colony Province) of Ikeja, Agege, Mushin, Ikorodu, Epe and Badagry were administered by the Western Region. The State took off as an administrative entity on April 11, 1968 with Lagos Island serving the dual role of being the State and Federal Capital. However, with the creation of the Federal Capital Territory of Abuja in 1976, Lagos Island ceased to be the capital of the State which was moved to Ikeja. Equally, with the formal relocation of the seat of the Federal Government to Abuja on 12 December 1991, Lagos Island ceased to be Nigeria’s political capital. Nevertheless, Lagos remains the center of commerce for the country.
Since its creation in 1967, the state has been administered either by a governor and a House of Assembly in civilian or quasi-civilian (under Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida's administration) federal administrations, or by Sole-Administrators or Military Administrators in military dispensations . Since December 2007, Yoruba has been the second official language of debate and discussion for the House of Assembly after English.
Administrative Divisions and Local Government Areas
|LGA Name||Area (km2)||Census 2006
|Lagos Island||9||209,437||Lagos Island||101|
|Lagos Mainland||19||317,720||Lagos Mainland||101|
The first 16 of the above LGAs comprise the statistical area of Metropolitan Lagos. The remaining four LGAs (Badagry, Ikorodu, Ibeju-Lekki and Epe) are within Lagos State but are not part of Metropolitan Lagos.
In 2003, many of the existing 20 LGAs were split for administrative purposes into Local Council Development Areas. These lower-tier administrative units now number 56: Agbado/Oke-Odo, Agboyi/Ketu, Agege, Ajeromi, Alimosho , Apapa, Apapa-Iganmu, Ayobo/Ipaja, Badagry West, Badagry, Bariga, Coker Aguda, Egbe Idimu, Ejigbo, Epe, Eredo, Eti Osa East, Eti Osa West, Iba, Isolo, Imota, Ikoyi, Ibeju, Ifako-Ijaiye, Ifelodun, Igando/Ikotun, Igbogbo/Bayeku, Ijede, Ikeja, Ikorodu North, Ikorodu West, Ikosi Ejinrin, Ikorodu, Ikorodu West, Iru/Victoria Island, Itire Ikate, Kosofe, Lagos Island West, Lagos Island East, Lagos Mainland, Lekki, Mosan/Okunola, Mushin, Odi Olowo/Ojuwoye, Ojo, Ojodu, Ojokoro, Olorunda, Onigbongbo, Oriade, Orile Agege, Oshodi, Oto-Awori, Shomolu, Surulere and Yaba.
Tertiary Institutions in Lagos State
- University of Lagos
- Lagos State University
- Lagos Business School
- Caleb University
- Yaba College of Technology
- Lagos State Polytechnic
- Pan-African University
- Adeniran Ogunsanya College of Educatiotn
While the State is essentially a Yoruba-speaking environment, it is a socio-cultural melting pot attracting both Nigerians and foreigners alike.
There is also an admixture of other pioneer settlers collectively known as the Ekos.
- Hakeem Olajuwon
- Babatunde Olatunji
- Herbert Macauley
- Henry Rawlingson Carr
- Mobolaji Johnson
- Bola Tinubu
- Babatunde Fashola
- Fela Kuti
- Bruce Onobrakpeya 2006 UNESCO HUMAN LIVING TREASURE AWARD
- Jimi Agbaje
Murtala Mohammed International Airport in Ikeja and is one of Nigeria's 3 major international airports.
- See List of Governors of Lagos State for a list of prior governors
- "Lagos State - Population".
- "C-GIDD (Canback Global Income Distribution Database)". Canback Dangel. Retrieved 2008-08-20.
- "Lagos State, Nigeria". Retrieved 2014-03-29.
- Nigerian Congress - Administrative Division Description
- "History of Lagos State". Retrieved 2014-03-29.
- "Local Government Areas". Retrieved 2010-03-20.
- Ade Adefuye et al., ed. (1987), History of the peoples of Lagos State, Lagos: Lantern Books, ISBN 9789782281487
- Ajose, Sunny A. 2010. “The Evolution and Development of Lagos State Administration in Lagos State: A Sociological Approach.”
- Michael Filani (2012), The Changing Face of Lagos: From Vision to Reform and Transformation, Cities Alliance
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lagos State, Nigeria.|
- Lagos State Government Official Site
- Lagos Interactive Maps & Sat Navs to travel around.
- Lagos Digital Street Maps.
- Lagos State Community WebSite.