District location within Punjab Province
|• Type||City District|
|• District Coordination Officer||Capt.(R) Usman (15-06-2014 to till date)|
|• Total||1,772 km2 (684 sq mi)|
|Elevation||216 m (709 ft)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+5)|
Lahore District (Urdu: ضلع لاہور) is a district in the Punjab province of Pakistan that contains the city of Lahore, the district and provincial capital. The total area is 1,772 square kilometres (684 sq mi). According to the 2013 census, the population was 12,218,345, of which 81.17% were urban.
Lahore District was agricultural region with forests during the Indus Valley Civilization. The Vedic period is characterized by Indo-Aryan culture that invaded from Central Asia and settled in Punjab region. The Kambojas, Daradas, Kaikayas, Madras, Pauravas, Yaudheyas, Malavas, Saindhavas and Kurus invaded, settled and ruled ancient Punjab region. After overrunning the Achaemenid Empire in 331 BCE, Alexander marched into present-day Punjab region with an army of 50,000. The Lahore was ruled by Maurya Empire, Indo-Greek kingdom, Kushan Empire, Gupta Empire, White Huns, Kushano-Hephthalites and Shahi kingdoms.
In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin, In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul in 1005, and followed it by the conquests of Punjab region. The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region. The Punjab region became predominantly Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape of Punjab region. After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Sikh invaded and occupied Lahore District. During the period of British rule, Lahore district increased in population and importance.
The Sikhs owned up to 67% of the land in Lahore District. The Tehsils of Lahore and Chunian were predominantly Sikh.
The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslim refugees from India settled in the Lahore District.
Until the local government reforms of 2000, Lahore was part of the now-defunct Lahore Division. With the revival of commissioner system division, Lahore was restored.
Under the latest revision of Pakistan's administrative structure, promulgated in 2001, Lahore was tagged as a City District and divided into nine towns. Each town in turn consists of a group of union councils.
As per the 1998 census of Pakistan, Punjabi language is spoken by 95%. Lahore City being capital of Punjab province has great variety of Punjabi dialects spoken by different district's people living in the city.
- Majhi or Standard (Majority)
- Pothohari (Rawalpindi and Jehlum's Districts people)
- Pahari (Tehsil Muree, Kotli sattian & AJK's people)
- Dhani (Chakwal district's people)
- Shah puri (Sargodha division's people)
- Jhangochi (Khanewal and Jhang District's people)
- Jangli/Rachnavi (Sahiwal Distrct's people)
- Chenavari(Tehsil Athara Tehsil Jhang's people)
- Thalochi (Bhakkar,Layyah and Muzzaffargarh District's people)
- Hindko (Hazara Division's people)
- Chhachi (Attock Tehsil's people)
- Jandali (Jand Tehsil and Mianwali district's people)
- Multani/Saraiki (Multan and Lodhran districts people)
- Derawali (Rajanpur,Dera Ghazi Khan districts people)
- Riasti (Bahawalpur Lodhran and Rahim Yar Khan districts people)
- Ghebi (Pindi Gheb Tehsil's people)
- Dogri/Darhab (Jammu and Narowal district's people)
Other Languages include:
- Urdu being national language is spoken and understood.
- English is also understood and spoken by the sizable educated people.
- Minority Languages spoken by people of different parts of Pakistan and Afghanistani refugees (Pashto,Sindhi,Baluchi, Brahvi,Kashmiri, Shina, Balti, Khower, Burshiski, Rangri and Dari).
Tribes and clans
The famous gardens of the Lahore Shalimar Gardens were under the surveillance of a famous Arain Mian family, the Mian Family Baghbanpura in Mughal times. The town Ishaqpura on which Shalimar gardens were built is founded by Muhammad Ishaq a propagator of Arain Mian Family of Lahore. The Mian Family Baghbanpura is the caretaker of Shalimar garedens since the time period when they were built.
- Population according to 1998 census of Pakistan
- "The Local Government System 2001". National Reconstruction Bureau, Government of Pakistan. August 14, 2001. Retrieved 2009-02-18.
- "City District Governments". National Reconstruction Bureau, Government of Pakistan. Retrieved 2009-02-18.
- "City District". National Reconstruction Bureau, Government of Pakistan. Retrieved 2009-02-18.
- "Town Nazims & Naib Town Nazims in the City District of Lahore". National Reconstruction Bureau, Government of Pakistan. Retrieved 2009-02-18.