Laibin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Laibin
来宾市 · Laizbinh Si
Prefecture-level city
Location of Laibin in Guangxi
Location of Laibin in Guangxi
Laibin is located in China
Laibin
Laibin
Location of Laibin in Guangxi
Coordinates: 23°44′N 109°14′E / 23.733°N 109.233°E / 23.733; 109.233
Country People's Republic of China
Region Guangxi
Area
 • Total 13,400 km2 (5,200 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,498,236
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Website http://www.laibin.gov.cn/

Láibīn (simplified Chinese: 来宾市; traditional Chinese: 來賓市; pinyin: Láibīn Shì, Zhuang: Laizbinh Si) is a prefecture-level city in the central part of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, People's Republic of China.

Geography and climate[edit]

Laibin is located in central Guangxi. The Hongshui River or Red River and Rong River, both tributaries of the Xi River, meet in Laibin. Its administrative area is 13,400 square kilometres (5,200 sq mi), of which more than 43% is forested.

History[edit]

Laibin is an ancient town with more than 2000 years of history. The area was settled in prehistoric times, more than 30,000 years ago.

Administration[edit]

Laibin administers 1 district, 1 county-level city and 4 counties.

District:

County-level city:

Counties:

Autonomous county:

Demographics[edit]

Laibin's population is 2,498,236(2010).[1] 69.4% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group. The rest include Han, Yao, and other ethnic groups.

English Name Simplified Traditional Pinyin Zhuang Area Population(2010 )
Xingbin District 兴宾区 興賓區 Xīngbīn Qū Sinhbinh Gih 4,404 1,015,165( 68.27% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Xincheng County 忻城县 忻城縣 Xīnchéng Xiàn Yinhcwngz Yen 2,541 405,384 (90.92% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Xiangzhou County 象州县 象州縣 Xiàngzhōu Xiàn Cienghcou Yen 1,899 354,918 (70.4% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Wuxuan County 武宣县 武宣縣 Wǔxuān Xiàn Mouxsien Yen 2,485 431,330 (67.17% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Jinxiu Yao Autonomous County 金秀瑶族自治县 金秀瑤族自治縣 Jīnxiù yáozú Zìzhì Xiàn Ginhsiu Yauzcuz Swci Yen 2,517 152,212 (43.97% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Heshan 合山市 Héshān Shì Hozsan Si 350 139,227 (69.55% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
  • These figures are based on the following official statistics:

[2]

Economy[edit]

Laibin is an important transportation hub with several regional and national highways, important rail lines, and shipping along the Hongshui River to Hong Kong, Macau, and Guangzhou. Agriculture is a major industry with sugarcane, rice, peanuts, tea, and fruits being the major crops. There are more than 600 industries in Laibin including sugar processing, powerplants, construction materials, mining, and Chinese medicine. The area produces 1/4 of the world's indium.

Culture[edit]

Laibin is filled with numerous examples of unique ethnic minority culture, especially from the Yao. There are also many types of dance found only in the area including the Bamboo Horse, the Colorful Butterfly, the Dragon Fish, the Emerald, the Bright Lantern, and the Yao dance, the Monkey Drum.

Notable people[edit]

  • Xiao Qiaogui (蕭朝貴) (1821–1852) Taiping general, Zhuang.
  • Zhai Fuwen (翟富文) (1866–1942) educator, author, and national assembly representative for Guangxi province
  • Liu Ceqi (劉政奇) (1895–1927) revolutionary hero and martyr, Zhuang.
  • Mo Jiangbai (莫江白) (1918–1949) revolutionary hero and martyr, Zhuang.
  • Zhang Hua (张华) (1911–1990) military and political figure.
  • Jin Baosheng (金宝生) (1927– ) military and political figure, Yao.
  • Han Feng (韩锋) (1956– ) Tobacco monopoly apparatchik outed in 2010 as a "Chinese Casanova".
  • Jing Xianfa ( ) (1957– ) Current Mayor of Laibin.

Sister cities[edit]

Laibin has one sister city.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 来宾市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报 National Population Statistics Materials by County and City - 2010 Period . Retrieved 2011-12-13.(Chinese)
  2. ^ 来宾市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报 National Population Statistics Materials by County and City - 2010 Period . Retrieved 2011-12-13.(Chinese)

External links[edit]