Lajos Dinnyés

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Lajos Dinnyés
2nd Prime Minister of the Second Hungarian Republic
In office
31 May 1947 – 10 December 1948
Preceded by Ferenc Nagy
Succeeded by István Dobi
Personal details
Born (1901-04-16)16 April 1901
Alsódabas, Austria-Hungary
Died 3 May 1961(1961-05-03) (aged 60)
Budapest, Hungary
Nationality Hungarian
Political party Independent Smallholders' Party
The native form of this personal name is Dinnyés Lajos. This article uses the Western name order.

Lajos Dinnyés (16 April 1901, Alsódabas – 3 May 1961) was a Hungarian politician of the Smallholders Party who served as the last pre-communist Prime Minister of Hungary from 1947 to 1948.


He came from a well to do titled family and finished high school at Budapest Reformed Gimnazium. He finished studies at Keszthely Academy, earning a degree in agriculture. Following his father's death he looked after the family property in 1930.

He became a member of the Agrarian Party in 1929, subsequently representing the Smallholders Party after their merger in 1930. Between 1931 and 1938, he served as a Member of Parliament representing Alsódabas.

He married in 1941, held a civil post and served for a short term in the army. He returned to public life in 1945 when the Smallholders Party was reformed.

In March 1947, he became Minister of Defence in the government of Ferenc Nagy, the leader of the Smallholders Party. When Soviet-backed communists forced the Prime Minister into exile on 30 May 1947, Dinnyés was appointed as successor. In the so-called "Blue Papers Election" on 31 August 1947, the Smallholders Party came in second surpassed by the Communists. Dinnyés remained in office as Prime Minister throughout the year, but merely served as an obedient puppet in the hands of the Communist leader, Mátyás Rákosi. While Dinnyés retained a nominal title as Prime Minister, Rákosi laid the foundations of the communist dictatorship by nationalizing factories, banks and denominational schools. This was well under way by 1948 when Dinnyés' government fell, ostensibly as they blamed him for the emigration of the treasurer Miklós Nyárádi.

He later became the director of the National Library of Agriculture and vice president of Parliament. During the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 he was a member of the Interim National Assembly.


Political offices
Preceded by
Albert Bartha
Minister of Defence
Succeeded by
Péter Veres
Preceded by
Ferenc Nagy
Prime Minister of Hungary
Succeeded by
István Dobi