|лакку маз (lakːu maz)|
|Native speakers||150,000 (2010 census)|
|Writing system||Cyrillic (Lak alphabet)|
|Official language in||Dagestan|
The Lak language (лакку маз, lakːu maz) is a Northeast Caucasian language forming its own branch within this family. It is the language of the Lak people from the Russian autonomous republic of Dagestan, where it is one of six standardized languages. It is spoken by about 157,000 people.
In the past it was also referred to as Gazi-Qumuq (Гьази-Кьумукь), which was transliterated via Russian as Kazi-Kumukh (Кази-Кумук) or Kasi-Kumukh (Каси-Кумук), in which Gazi or Kasi means 'warrior for faith'. The standard language is based on the dialect of the city of Kumukh. This city should not be confused with the Kumyk ethnic group, a Turkic people also present in the Caucasus. Other major dialects are the Arakul, Shadnin, Khosrekh, and Vitskhi (Wicxi, Vicxi) dialects.
Lak has throughout the centuries adopted a number of loanwords from Arabic, Turkish, Persian, and Russian. Ever since Dagestan was part of the USSR and later Russia, the largest portion of loanwords have come from Russian, especially political and technical vocabulary.
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- The consonants in orange are given by Schulze, but not by TITUS. The consonant /ʡ/ (grey) is given by TITUS, but not by Schulze.
- The sound transcribed here as a glottal stop is named rather ambiguously a "glottalic laryngeal" by both sources.
- Note that both sources name the epiglottal series ″pharyngeal″ indiscriminately in all the tables, the first one also when it includes a plosive and thus cannot be a true pharyngeal.
|А а||Аь аь||Б б||В в||Г г||Гъ гъ||Гь гь||Д д|
|Е е||Ё ё||Ж ж||З з||И и||Й й||К к||Къ къ|
|Кь кь||КI кI||Л л||М м||Н н||О о||Оь Оь||П п|
|ПI пI||Р р||С с||Т т||ТI тI||У у||Ф ф||Х х|
|Хъ хъ||Хь хь||ХI хI||Ц ц||ЦI цI||Ч ч||ЧI чI||Ш ш|
|Щ щ||Ъ ъ||Ы ы||Ь ь||Э э||Ю ю||Я я||I|
|лакку edition of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia|
- Lak Grammar by Wolfgang Schulze
- Transliteration of Lak
- Lak House – Lak culture and society site
- Lak words