Lake Chamo

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Lake Chamo
Lake Chamo 01.jpg
Lake Chamo seen from Arba Minch
Chamomap.jpg
Coordinates 5°50′N 37°33′E / 5.833°N 37.550°E / 5.833; 37.550Coordinates: 5°50′N 37°33′E / 5.833°N 37.550°E / 5.833; 37.550
Basin countries Ethiopia
Max. length 32 km
Max. width 13 km
Surface area 317 km²
Max. depth 14 m
Surface elevation 1,110 m

Lake Chamo (Amharic: Chamo Hayk) is a lake in the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples Region of southern Ethiopia. Located in the Main Ethiopian Rift, it is at an elevation of 1,110 meters. The lake is just to the south of Lake Abaya and the city of Arba Minch, and east of the Guge Mountains.

Overview[edit]

Lake Chamo northern end lies in the Nechisar National Park. According to figures published by the Central Statistical Agency, it is 32 kilometers long and 13 wide, with a surface area of 317 square kilometers and a maximum depth of 14 meters with a catchment of about 18757 square kilometers in size.[1][2] Other sources locate it on an elevation of 1,235 meters with a length of 26 km a widths of 22 km an area of 551 square kilometers a chatchment of 2220 square kilometers and a maximum depth of 10 meters.[3]

The lake is fringed with beds of Typha, as well as wetlands. It is fed by the Kulfo River and several small streams, as well as overflow from Lake Abaya brought to it by the Ualo River.[4] Oscar Neumann, exploring the area in 1901, found a dry channel connecting Lake Chamo to the Sagan River, which led him to conclude the lake contributes to the Sagan in years of heavy rainfall.[5]

Wildlife include fish like the catfish Bagrus docmac and Nile perch, as well as hippopotamus and Nile crocodiles.[4]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Water Resources and Irrigation Development in Ethiopia - IWMI", Table 3. Basic hydrological data of lakes and reservoirs of Ethiopia. (accessed 2 July 2011)
  2. ^ Google Earth
  3. ^ "Climate, 2008 National Statistics (Abstract)", Table A.2. Central Statistical Agency website (accessed 26 December 2009)
  4. ^ a b Robert Mepham, R. H. Hughes, and J. S. Hughes, A directory of African wetlands, (Cambridge: IUCN, UNEP and WCMC, 1992), p. 163
  5. ^ Oscar Neumann, "From the Somali Coast through Southern Ethiopian to the Sudan", Geographical Journal, 20 (October 1902), pp. 373-398

External links[edit]