Rocky Top, Tennessee

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Rocky Top, Tennessee
(originally Coal Creek)
City
City of Rocky Top
Location in Anderson County and the state of Tennessee.
Location in Anderson County and the state of Tennessee.
Coordinates: 36°13′27″N 84°9′21″W / 36.22417°N 84.15583°W / 36.22417; -84.15583Coordinates: 36°13′27″N 84°9′21″W / 36.22417°N 84.15583°W / 36.22417; -84.15583
Country United States
State Tennessee
Counties Anderson, Campbell
Founded 1856[1]
Incorporated 1939[2]
Named for Rocky Top
Government
 • Mayor Timothy L. Sharp
 • Vice Mayor Micheal Lovely
Area
 • Total 1.6 sq mi (4.1 km2)
 • Land 1.6 sq mi (4.1 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 866 ft (264 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,781
 • Density 1,121/sq mi (433.0/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 37769
Area code(s) 865
FIPS code 47-40240[3]
GNIS feature ID 1290479[4]
Website cityofrockytoptn.com

Rocky Top (formerly Coal Creek and Lake City) is a city in Anderson and Campbell counties in the eastern part of the U.S. state of Tennessee, northwest of Knoxville. The population was 1,781 at the 2010 census.[5] Most of the community is in Anderson County and is included in the Knoxville Metropolitan Statistical Area. On June 26, 2014, the city officially changed its name from Lake City to Rocky Top, after a last-ditch effort by the owners of the copyright in the song "Rocky Top" was denied by a federal court.[6]

History[edit]

Founding as "Coal Creek"[edit]

Child coal miners at Cross Mountain Mine near Coal Creek, 1910. Photo by Lewis Hine.

The town was originally named Coal Creek when it was founded in the early 19th century, after the 1798 Treaty of Tellico opened the area to settlement,[7] taking its name from the stream that runs through the town. Coal Creek and the nearby town of Briceville were the site of a major lockout of coal miners in 1891, which resulted in the town of Coal Creek being occupied by the state militia for over a year after miners attempted to force an end to the use of unpaid convict labor in the mines. This labor struggle, known as the Coal Creek War, was eventually resolved in the coal miners' favor with the abolition of Tennessee's convict labor program. The Fraterville Mine disaster of 1902 occurred nearby, in the village of Fraterville.

Renaming to "Lake City" (1936)[edit]

The name "Lake City" was adopted in 1936 after the completion of nearby Norris Dam formed an artificial lake above the dam. Some area residents, including the nonprofit Coal Creek Watershed Foundation, have urged a return to the old name of "Coal Creek" to commemorate the community's heritage.[8]

Renaming to "Rocky Top" (2014)[edit]

In 2013, a business group proposed to establish a theme park in the city if the city name was changed to "Rocky Top" to take advantage of the song of that name.[8][9] On November 7, 2013, Lake City's city council voted to ask the Tennessee General Assembly to amend the city charter to adopt the proposed name.[8][10][11] The House of Bryant, which owns the copyright to the song, as well as multiple trademarks and copyrights associated with it, has objected to the name change, asserting that it would violate intellectual property rights.[8][10] On May 29, U.S. District Judge Thomas A. Varlan denied the House of Bryant's request for an preliminary injunction, holding that renaming the town was not likely to be deemed to be a use in commerce as required for trademark infringement.[12][13]

On June 26, 2014, the city officially changed its name, after Varlan denied a last-minute attempt by House of Bryant to prevent the vote.[6]

Geography[edit]

Rocky Top is located in northern Anderson County at 36°13′27″N 84°9′21″W / 36.22417°N 84.15583°W / 36.22417; -84.15583 (36.224234, −84.155902).[14] It is the northern terminus of U.S. Route 441. Interstate 75 serves the city with two exits and leads south 24 miles (39 km) to Knoxville and north 32 miles (51 km) to the Kentucky state line at Jellico, Tennessee.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Rocky Top has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2), all land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1940 1,520
1950 1,827 20.2%
1960 1,914 4.8%
1970 1,923 0.5%
1980 2,335 21.4%
1990 2,166 −7.2%
2000 1,888 −12.8%
2010 1,781 −5.7%
Est. 2012 1,778 −0.2%
Sources:[15][16]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 1,888 people, 815 households, and 485 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,186.1 people per square mile (458.5/km²). There were 900 housing units at an average density of 565.4 per square mile (218.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.78% White, 0.11% African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.26% from other races, and 0.21% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.42% of the population.

There were 815 households out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.7% were married couples living together, 16.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.4% were non-families. 37.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.84.

In the town the population was spread out with 21.9% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 23.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 78.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 71.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $14,844, and the median income for a family was $21,895. Males had a median income of $25,469 versus $17,115 for females. The per capita income for the town was $10,615. About 31.8% of families and 32.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.7% of those under age 18 and 23.7% of those age 65 or over.

Recreation[edit]

Norris Dam State Park is located near Rocky Top. It has a Rocky Top address.

Notable people[edit]

Rocky Top is the hometown of songwriter Dean Dillon, whose songs have become hits for singers including George Strait, Toby Keith, Keith Whitley, George Jones, and Kenny Chesney.[17] Rocky Top was also the birthplace of early twentieth century artist Catherine Wiley (1879–1958).[18] The Bates family, a mega-family with 19 children that has been featured in reality TV series, makes its home in Rocky Top.

See also[edit]

  • SOCM, or Statewide Organization for Community Empowerment (formerly known as Save Our Cumberland Mountains), a grassroots group trying to ban mountaintop removal mining and bring green jobs to Tennessee, had its offices in Rocky Top for several years.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Paul Hellman, Historical Gazetteer of the United States (Taylor and Francis, 2005), p. 1018.
  2. ^ Tennessee Blue Book, 2005–2006, pp. 618–625.
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Lake City city, Tennessee". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved August 8, 2013. 
  6. ^ a b Scott, Mary (June 26, 2014). "Home sweet home: Lake City changes name to Rocky Top". WBIR. Retrieved June 26, 2014. 
  7. ^ Summerlin, Cathy (February 1, 1999). Traveling Tennessee: A Complete Tour Guide to the Volunteer State from the Highlands of the Smoky Mountains to the Banks of the Mississippi River. Thomas Nelson Inc. p. 133. Retrieved July 2, 2014. 
  8. ^ a b c d John Huotari (November 7, 2013). "Lake City recommends Rocky Top name change, but receives copyright warning". Oak Ridge Today. 
  9. ^ Donna Smith (November 6, 2013). "From Lake City to Rocky Top? Developers make case to community". The Oak Ridger. 
  10. ^ a b "Lake City votes to change name to Rocky Top". WBIR-TV. November 7, 2013. 
  11. ^ Associated Press (November 8, 2013). "Depressed former mining town hopes to strike gold by changing name to Rocky Top, Tenn.". Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 10, 2013. 
  12. ^ Smith, Donna (May 30, 2014). "Judge won’t stop Lake City’s ‘Rocky Top’ name change". The Oak Ridger. Retrieved May 30, 2014. 
  13. ^ Huotari, John (May 30, 2014). "U.S. judge denies request to stop Lake City’s name change to Rocky Top". The Oak Ridger. Retrieved May 30, 2014. 
  14. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  15. ^ "Census of Population and Housing: Decennial Censuses". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-03-04. 
  16. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  17. ^ http://www.allmusic.com/artist/p71100/biography
  18. ^ Elizabeth Moore, Anna Catherine Wiley. Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture, 2002. Retrieved: 22 June 2010.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]