Lake Homs

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For the Roman-built dam impounding the lake, see Lake Homs Dam.
Lake Homs
بحيرة حمص
Location Homs Governorate
Coordinates 34°38′36″N 36°34′22″E / 34.6434°N 36.5728°E / 34.6434; 36.5728Coordinates: 34°38′36″N 36°34′22″E / 34.6434°N 36.5728°E / 34.6434; 36.5728
Type Reservoir
Primary inflows Orontes River
Primary outflows Orontes River
Basin countries Syria
Surface area 60 km2 (23 sq mi)
Settlements Homs

Lake Homs (Arabic: بحيرة حمص‎) (also called Lake Qattinah, Arabic: بحيرة قطينة‎) is a lake near Homs, Syria, fed by the Orontes River. The lake is located 15 km (9.3 mi) from the city of Homs, extends over 60 km2 (23 sq mi), and is known for a large fish population. One main canal, 60 kilometers long, supplies the whole city of Homs with drinking water, and a whole network of secondary channels provide for the irrigation of some 20,000 hectares.[1]

The banks of the lake are steep in places and rather inaccessible; there is no road right the way round. The retaining dam and many of the ancillary works have been consolidated and extended in recent years.

The lake is artificial, created by the Lake Homs Dam at its northern end. The dam's original structure was one of the most visible works of ancient engineering in Syria and in the Fertile Crescent. Built by the Ancient Romans, the dam had created a reservoir whose water was conducted to nearby fields through a network of canals.[2]