Lake Jackson, Texas

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Lake Jackson, Texas
City
Location in Brazoria County in the state of Texas
Location in Brazoria County in the state of Texas
Brazoria County LakeJackson.svg
Coordinates: 29°2′13″N 95°26′18″W / 29.03694°N 95.43833°W / 29.03694; -95.43833Coordinates: 29°2′13″N 95°26′18″W / 29.03694°N 95.43833°W / 29.03694; -95.43833
Country United StatesUnited States
State TexasTexas
County Brazoria
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • City Council Mayor Joe Rinehart
Heather Melass
Will Brooks
Glenda V Mendoza
Scott Schwertner
Jon 'JB' Baker
 • City Manager William P. Yenne
Area
 • Total 20.9 sq mi (54.2 km2)
 • Land 19.5 sq mi (50.4 km2)
 • Water 1.5 sq mi (3.9 km2)
Elevation 13 ft (4 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 26,849
 • Density 1,381/sq mi (533.2/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC–6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC–5)
ZIP code 77566
Area code(s) 979
FIPS code 48-40588[1]
GNIS feature ID 1360850[2]
Website www.lakejackson-tx.gov

Lake Jackson is a city in Brazoria County, Texas, United States, within the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 26,849.[3]

Lake Jackson is named after an oxbow lake of the same name on the outskirts of town. The lake was named after the family whose antebellum plantation house was located at the lake. Minor ruins of the Lake Jackson Plantation can now be seen in a park at the site.

Geography[edit]

The city of Lake Jackson is located in south-central Brazoria County at 29°2′13″N 95°26′18″W / 29.03694°N 95.43833°W / 29.03694; -95.43833 (29.036837, -95.438339).[4] It is bordered to the east by the cities of Clute and Richwood, and to the southwest by the Brazos River. Texas State Highway 288, the Nolan Ryan Expressway, runs through the city, leading 10 miles (16 km) north to Angleton, the county seat, 52 miles (84 km) north to downtown Houston, and 9 miles (14 km) southeast to Freeport on the Gulf of Mexico.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Lake Jackson has a total area of 20.9 square miles (54.2 km2), of which 19.5 square miles (50.4 km2) is land and 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2), or 7.11%, is water.[3]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[1] of 2010, there were 26,849 people, 10,319 households, and 7,134 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,386.0 people per square mile (535.1/km²). There were 11,149 housing units at an average density of 550.2 per square mile (212.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.36% White, 5.10% African American, 0.52% Native American, 3.14% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 4.44% from other races, and 2.40% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 20.53% of the population.

There were 9,588 households out of which 42.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.7% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.4% were non-families. Twenty percent of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.18.

In the city, the population was spread out with 26.41% under the age of 18, 5.61% from 20 to 24, 12.51% from 25 to 34, 20.60% from 35 to 49, 20.10% from 50 to 64, and 12% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 96.06 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $60,901, and the median income for a family was $69,053. Males had a median income of $60,143 versus $30,398 for females. The per capita income for the city was $25,877. About 5.4% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.5% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.

History[edit]

The city was built in the early 1940s as a planned community in support of a new plant of the Dow Chemical Company. The City of Lake Jackson was incorporated March 14, 1944, and voted for home rule ten years later in 1954.

Government and politics[edit]

Lake Jackson is within Texas's 14th congressional district and is represented by Randy Weber.

Economy[edit]

Gas station and convenience store chain Buc-ee's has its headquarters in Lake Jackson.[5]

The Dow Chemical Company and the Brazosport Independent School District are major employers of residents. Dow is considered to have gave birth to the idea of Lake Jackson in 1941 as a community for workers at its Freeport plant, and is referred to by some as "Daddy Dow." Its population is said to have diversified beyond its chemical roots and Lake Jackson is now home to other chemical and manufacturing facilities along with many other types of businesses. In Lake Jackson's early days, Dow helped to create a booming economy and it continues to do that today with its expansion project that is estimated to bring nearly 2,000 employees to the area.[6]

The unemployment rate in Lake Jackson, TX, is 8.40%, with job growth of 2.40%. Future job growth over the next ten years is predicted to be 36.40%. The income per capita is $30,625, which includes all adults and children. The median household income is $68,391. The sales tax rate in Lake Jackson, TX, is 8.25%.[7]

Sales tax income represents a population of over 70,000 indicating the draw of the retail shopping from the area.

Education[edit]

Colleges[edit]

Brazosport College is a public community college which was recently upgraded to offer a baccalaureate degree in certain technical fields. It is also distinguished for its professional music hall, The Clarion. Brazosport College's Music Department has been able to bring many successful music artists to Lake Jackson, including Rita Coolidge, Lyle Lovett, Don McLean, Phil Woods, and John Pizarelli.

Public schools[edit]

The public schools in the city are operated by Brazosport Independent School District.

K-5 elementary schools within Lake Jackson include:

Residents are zoned to:

Private schools[edit]

The private schools within Lake Jackson include:

Public libraries[edit]

The Lake Jackson Library is a part of the Brazoria County Library System.

Transportation[edit]

Airports[edit]

Brazoria County Airport serves Lake Jackson.

Mass transit[edit]

Southern Brazoria County Transit provides bus service options for Lake Jackson, Clute, Freeport and Angleton.

Highways[edit]

Texas 288.svg
State Highway 288. Northbound SH 288 to Houston. Southbound, SH 288 routes to Freeport.

Texas State Highway 332 which extends from its west end SH 36 in Brazoria to its east end at Surfside Beach.

Streets[edit]

  • The city's layout and the six designs for homes were completed by architect Alden B. Dow.
  • All streets radiating from downtown end in the word "Way." Among the streets are Center Way, Winding Way, Circle Way, and Parking Way. There is an intersection of two streets named This Way and That Way. In the same spirit, a local church near Bess Brannen Elementary placed a small sign in their driveway named His Way. There is also an Any Way.
  • Most other streets not ending in "Way" were named after some form of flora. As the city grew and common names such as Pine, Mulberry, and Oak were taken, developers had to become more creative; thus, among the plants used are Jalapeño, Tangerine, Mango, and Habañero. The highways running through Lake Jackson, (Texas Highways 288 & 332) and Oyster Creek Drive, are exceptions to the naming conventions. The naming convention of "Drive," meaning a route into or out of town, is less honored today than in the beginning.
  • Dow intentionally laid out the streets so that they seldom follow straight paths. Part of the basis for the winding streets was Dow's insistence that as few trees as possible should be removed in construction of the original street layout (which is still in practice today with the building of new subdivisions). Lake Jackson is a part of the National Arbor Day Foundation's Tree City USA list. Also, many of the streets follow Oyster Creek, which twists and winds through town. As a result the streets, even main thoroughfares twist and wind throughout the city. In many areas of town one can travel in any of the four compass directions and have the same commute time and distance to a destination across town.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]