Lake Maurepas

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Lake Maurepas
LandsatMaurepas.jpg
Landsat view of the lake bordered at right by Lake Pontchartrain
Location Louisiana:
Livingston Parish
St. John the Baptist Parish
Tangipahoa Parish
Coordinates 30°15′29″N 90°29′55″W / 30.258029°N 90.498676°W / 30.258029; -90.498676Coordinates: 30°15′29″N 90°29′55″W / 30.258029°N 90.498676°W / 30.258029; -90.498676
Type it is a round-shaped, shallow, Brackish water tidal estuarine system
Basin countries United States
Surface area 240km2 or 92.66mi2
Average depth 3.0 meters or 9.843ft2

Lake Maurepas is located in southeastern Louisiana approximately halfway between New Orleans and Baton Rouge directly west of Lake Pontchartrain.

Namesake[edit]

Lake Maurepas was named for Jean-Frédéric Phélypeaux, comte de Maurepas, an eighteenth-century French statesman, chief adviser to King Louis XVI. Maurepas was the son of Louis Phélypeaux, comte de Pontchartrain for whom Lake Pontchartrain is named.

Characteristics[edit]

Lake Maurepas is a round-shaped, shallow, brackish tidal estuarine system. It is approximately 240 km2. in area and has a mean depth of about 3.0 meters. The lake receives freshwater input through four river systems: Blind River, Amite River, Tickfaw River, and the Natalbany River. The average freshwater input to Lake Maurepas from these rivers and other minor terrestrial sources is <3,400 cubic feet per second (CWPPRA Environmental Workgroup, 2001). At the northeast, Lake Maurepas is connected to Lake Pontchartrain by two passes: Pass Manchac and North Pass. The land between these two passes forms Jones Island and the passes converge on the eastern side of the island into one unified Manchac Pass. Tidal exchange with Lake Pontchartrain through Pass Manchac is a more significant influence on Lake Maurepas’s volumetric and elevation characteristics than tributary freshwater discharge. The mean astronomical tide in Lake Maurepas is approximately 0.15 m (0.5 ft); however, greater tidal amplitudes are associated with meteorological events (i.e., winds) that influence both Lake Pontchartrain and Lake Maurepas. This results in interesting patterns of tidal exchange and, presumably, in situ mixing on weekly and fortnightly time scales. The lake’s salinity is directly influenced by exchange with Lake Pontchartrain. Salinities in Lake Maurepas have been observed to range between 0 and 3 parts per thousand (Day et al., 2004). Typically, salinities are higher along the eastern shore, near Pass Manchac. Due to Lake Maurepas’s shallow depths, even relatively low energy wave action results in sediment resuspension and, therefore, relatively high turbidities and low transparencies which influence the degree to which primary production can occur in the water column and benthos.[1]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.epa.gov/region6/water/ecopro/em/cwppra/maurepas/phase1wq_final.pdf