Lake Narach

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Lake Narach
Narač - 5.jpg
Location Minsk Province
Coordinates 54°51′09″N 26°44′59″E / 54.85250°N 26.74972°E / 54.85250; 26.74972Coordinates: 54°51′09″N 26°44′59″E / 54.85250°N 26.74972°E / 54.85250; 26.74972
Basin countries Belarus
Max. length 12.8 km
Surface area 79.6 km²
Max. depth 24.8 m
Water volume 710 million cubic meters
Shore length1 41 km
1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.

Lake Narach (Belarusian: Нарач, pronounced [ˈnaratʂ]; Russian: На́рочь; Polish: Narocz; Lithuanian: Narutis) is a lake in north-western Belarus (Myadzyel Raion, Minsk Region), located in the basin of the Viliya river. It is the largest lake in Belarus (in 1921–39 it was the largest lake of Poland).

Narach is a part of the Narach lake group (the others being Miastra (Belarusian: Мястра), Batoryn (Belarusian: Баторын), Blednaje (Belarusian: Бледнае)). It was formed about 11 thousand years ago after the Pleistocene ice ages. It has a surface area of 79.6 km2, a wider length of 12.8 km, a maximum depth of 24.8 m, average depth of 8.9 m,[1] a volume of 710 million cubic meters. The lake is surrounded with pine forests. The Narach River flows out of it.

Narach is an abode of 22 genera of fish, as the eel, pike, burbot, etc. The shore and islets are nested by different birds, as the mute swan, fish hawk, tarrock, dabchick.

History[edit]

People settled near the lake about 10 thousand years ago. Linguists think that its name is probably from the Indo-European root *nar- often found in names of bodies of water (e.g., the Nara and Neris rivers).[2] Archaeologists have excavated many burial mounds of the Baltic and Slavic people that lived around Narach.

Since the Middle Ages, the local inhabitants have lived mainly by fishing and farming. In the 19th century, the most profitable work was fishing of crayfish. In the 20th century, the eel became the main marketable fish.

During World War I, the surrounding area was a focal point of the Lake Naroch Offensive (March–April 1916), an inconclusive offensive operation mounted by Russian forces against the German army.

In the 1930s, the fishers of Narach rose against Polish authorities defending their right to exploit the lake.

Since the 1950s, the lake is a popular resort and tourism site, located in the resort town of Narach. A Young Pioneer camp of national importance Zubryonok was located near the lake. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union the camp was reformed into the National Children's Recreational Camp "Zubrania", which is now the most important children's recreational camp in Belarus.

In 1999, the government of Belarus created the Narachanski National Park.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Main characteristics of the largest lakes. Main Geographic Characteristics of the Republic of Belarus". Land of Ancestors. 2012. Retrieved 30 August 2013. 
  2. ^ E.M. Pospelov, Geograficheskie nazvaniya mira (Moscow: Russkie slovari, 1998), p. 283.

External links[edit]