Lake River

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Coordinates: 45°50′37″N 122°46′50″W / 45.84361°N 122.78056°W / 45.84361; -122.78056
Lake River
Country United States
State Washington
County Clark
Source Vancouver Lake
 - location Vancouver
 - elevation 8 ft (2 m) [1]
 - coordinates 45°41′53″N 122°43′05″W / 45.69806°N 122.71806°W / 45.69806; -122.71806 [2]
Mouth Columbia River
 - location near Ridgefield
 - elevation 7 ft (2 m) [2]
 - coordinates 45°50′37″N 122°46′50″W / 45.84361°N 122.78056°W / 45.84361; -122.78056 [2]
Length 11 mi (18 km) [3]
Basin 100 sq mi (259 km2) [4]
Location of the mouth of Lake River in Washington

Lake River is a tributary, about 11 miles (18 km) long, of the Columbia River in the U.S. state of Washington.[3] It flows north from Vancouver Lake in Vancouver to meet the larger river near Ridgefield and the northern tip of Bachelor Island.[3] The Wilkes Expedition of 1841 referred to Lake River as Calipaya Inlet.[5]

The river is part of the 32-mile (51 km) Lewis River – Vancouver Lake Water Trail linking Vancouver Lake to Woodland by waters suitable for kayaks and other boats.[6] Portions of the Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge border the river.[3]

Course[edit]

Lake River, a "slow, flat slough of the Columbia River",[4] loses only 1 foot (30 cm) in elevation over its entire 11-mile (18 km) course. It flows north, roughly parallel to the Columbia until curving slightly northwest to join it. At times, tidal fluctuations and high flows along the Columbia cause Lake River to flow backwards into the lake, sometimes for long periods.[4]

Flowing out of the lake and Vancouver Lake Park, the river receives Buckmire Slough from the left. Beyond the confluence, Shillapoo Wildlife Area is to the left, and the unincorporated community of Felida is to the right. About 1.5 miles (2.4 km) further downstream, Salmon Creek enters from the right.[3]

Over the next 0.5 miles (0.8 km), the river passes between Curtis Lake on the right and Round Lake on the left. About 8 miles (13 km) from the mouth, Lake River enters Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge and passes between Green Lake on the right and Post Office Lake on the left. Whipple Creek enters from the right at RM 7 (RK 11). Over the next 2 miles (3 km), Campbell Lake is on the left. Flume Creek enters from the right about 4.5 miles (7.2 km) from the mouth.[3]

The river exits the wildlife refuge, and about 3 miles (5 km) from the mouth, the stream curves to the northwest and enters Ridgefield, which is on the right. A mile or so later, Bachelor Island Slough enters from the left, and Carty Lake is on the right as the stream re-enters the wildlife refuge. Lake River enters the Columbia River at the north tip of Bachelor Island, about 0.5 miles (0.8 km) upstream of the mouth of the Lewis River and about 87.5 miles (140.8 km) from the Columbia's mouth on the Pacific Ocean.[3]

Watershed and water quality[edit]

Lake River drains more than 100 square miles (260 km2).[4] The watershed includes the mostly urban 28-square-mile (73 km2) catchment of Burnt Bridge Creek, which empties into Vancouver Lake.[4] Also parts of the watershed are the lake and its surrounds, land along the main stem, and the urban, suburban, rural lands along tributary streams, principally Salmon, Whipple, and Flume creeks. The water quality of all these water bodies is relatively poor.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Source elevation derived from Google Earth search using GNIS source coordinates.
  2. ^ a b c "Lake River". Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). United States Geological Survey. September 10, 1979. Retrieved January 20, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g United States Geological Survey. "United States Topographic Map". TopoQuest. Retrieved January 20, 2013.  River miles are marked and numbered on the relevant map quadrangles: Vancouver, Ridgefield, and St. Helens.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Vancouver Lake 2006 Volunteer Monitoring Data Summary" (PDF). Clark County. 2006. Retrieved January 20, 2013. 
  5. ^ Meany, Edmond S. (1920). "Origin of Washington Geographic Names". The Washington Historical Quarterly (Washington University State Historical Society) XI: 54. Retrieved November 6, 2009. 
  6. ^ "Lewis River – Vancouver Lake Water Trail (32 miles)". Vancouver–Clark Parks & Recreation. Retrieved January 20, 2013.