Lake Rotomahana

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Lake Rotomahana
Lake Rotomahana black swan.jpg
Location North Island
Coordinates 38°16′S 176°27′E / 38.267°S 176.450°E / -38.267; 176.450Coordinates: 38°16′S 176°27′E / 38.267°S 176.450°E / -38.267; 176.450
Lake type crater lake
Basin countries New Zealand
Max. length 6.2 km (3.9 mi)[1]
Max. width 2.8 km (1.7 mi)[1]
Surface area 8.0 km2 (3.1 sq mi)[1]
Average depth 51 m (167 ft)[1]
Max. depth 112.4 m (369 ft)[1]
Surface elevation 339 m (1,112 ft)[1]
References [1]

Lake Rotomahana is an 800-hectare (2,000-acre)[1] lake in northern New Zealand, located 25 kilometres to the east of Rotorua. It is immediately southwest of the dormant volcano Mount Tarawera, and its geography was substantially altered by a major 1886 eruption of Mount Tarawera. Along with the mountain, it lies within the Okataina caldera.

Rock wall and steam

Pink and White Terraces[edit]

The Pink and White Terraces were a natural wonder on the shores of the lake before the 1886 eruption. They were considered to be the eighth wonder of the natural world and were New Zealand's most famous tourist attraction during the mid 19th century, but were buried or destroyed by the eruption.

Scientists rediscovered the lower tiers of the Pink and White Terraces on the lake bed at a depth of 60 metres (200 ft) in 2011.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Lowe, D.J., Green, J.D. (1987). Viner, A.B., ed. Inland waters of New Zealand. Wellington: DSIR Science Information Publishing Centre. pp. 471–474. ISBN 0-477-06799-9. 

External links[edit]