Lake Sagami

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Lake Sagami
Lake Sagami-ko in Japan.jpg
(2007)
Location Kanagawa
Coordinates 35°36′50″N 139°11′0″E / 35.61389°N 139.18333°E / 35.61389; 139.18333Coordinates: 35°36′50″N 139°11′0″E / 35.61389°N 139.18333°E / 35.61389; 139.18333
Type reservoir
Primary inflows Sagami River[1]
Primary outflows Sagami River
Catchment area 1.064 km2 (0.411 sq mi)[1]
Basin countries Japan
Surface area 3 km2 (1.2 sq mi)
Average depth 19 m (62 ft)[2]
Max. depth 32 m (105 ft)[2]
Water volume 63,200,000 m3 (1.67×1010 US gal)[2]
Residence time 0.05 year[2]
Shore length1 34.4 km (21.4 mi)[2]
Surface elevation 167 m (548 ft)
Frozen never
Settlements Sagamihara[3]
References [1][2][3]
1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.

Lake Sagami (相模湖 Sagami-ko?) is an artificial lake located in Midori-ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa in Japan's Kantō region. Created in 1947 after the Sagami River was dammed, it serves as use for recreational and hydroelectric purposes.[1][3] The lake also served as venue for canoeing events at the 1964 Summer Olympics held in Tokyo, located 60 kilometres (37 mi) from the lake.[3][4]

Water and land usage surrounding the lake[edit]

Typical lake flows (in m3/s) are 85 hydroelectric, 10.34 domestic, 4.16 irrigation, and 2.15 industrial.[2] Land usage is 87.5% natural, 4.6% agricultural, and 7.9% other.[2] Eutrophication issues have been a serious issue of the lake that was first observed in 1967.[1] The main issue was microcystis algae bloom and reached its highest cell count of 2,500,000 cells/mL in July-October 1979 (data from 1985).[1] Most vegetation grown around the lake are grassland and weeds while most crops grown are rice and vegetables.[1] Fertilizer application for crops near the lake is moderate.[1]

Recreational uses[edit]

Because of the lake's creation in 1947, it displaced the careers of many local fishermen in the area.[5] In return for their livelihood being taken away, many of these families were offered rental boats in the new lake.[5] No private boats are allowed on the lake as a result.[5] To compensate for the loss of the smelt, black bass from the United States was imported to the lake as was Prussian carp.[5] Because of the bass, the lake is a popular recreational fishing area.[5] The lake is also used for couples dating for boat rides and families. Row boat standard daily rental rates are ¥3000 for one person, ¥4500 for two people, and ¥6000 for three people.[5]

Water treatment[edit]

In 1984, there were 170 industrial and four municipal sewage treatment plants surrounding the lake.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i International Lake Environment Committee (ILEC) of Japan detail information on Lake Sagami. Accessed September 9, 2008.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h ILEC basic information on Lake Sagami. Accessed September 9, 2008.
  3. ^ a b c d JNTO information on Lake Sagami. Accessed September 9, 2008.
  4. ^ 1964 Summer Olympics official report Volume 1, Part 1. p. 131. (English) & (French) Accessed September 11, 2008.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Green Gables information on Lake Sagami. Accessed September 9, 2008.

External links[edit]