Lake Superior Provincial Park
|Lake Superior Provincial Park|
|Location||Algoma District, Ontario|
|Area||155,646 ha (384,610 acres)|
|Governing body||Ontario Parks|
Lake Superior Provincial Park is one of the largest provincial parks in Ontario, covering about 1,550 square kilometres (600 sq mi) along the northeastern shores of Lake Superior between Wawa and Sault Ste. Marie in Algoma District, Northeastern Ontario, Canada. Ontario Highway 17 (at this point part of the Trans-Canada Highway) now runs through the park, but when the park was originally established in 1944, there was no road access.
Traces of ancient volcanic activity can be seen in rock outcrops near Red Rock Lake and several other sites. The oldest artifacts found date to approximately 500 BC. At Agawa Rock, near the mouth of the Agawa River, there are pictographs created by the original Ojibwa inhabitants of this region. The figures are painted on the rock with a mixture of powdered hematite and animal fats and are estimated to be 150–400 years old. The records are visual representations of both historical events and legendary figures. Selwyn Dewdney was the first scholarly figure to discover the pictographs. The first written description of these pictographs appears in a work by Henry Schoolcraft in 1851.
Recreational activities in the park include canoeing (especially in the interior lakes of the park), camping and hiking, fishing, swimming, boating, hunting, educational programs, wildlife viewing, cross-country skiing and snowshoeing.
There are 11 hiking trails located throughout the park and can be accessed from Agawa Bay, Crescent Lake, or Rabbit Blanket Lake campgrounds or off of Highway 17.
The most distinguishing trail is the Coastal Trail which stretches 65 kilometres (40 mi) and reveals the beautiful Lake Superior coastline. It is very demanding and can take between 5 and 7 days to complete. The Coastal Trail is part of the long-distance Voyageur Hiking Trail.
A short trail leads to the Agawa Rock Pictographs. They are located on a sheer rock face on Lake Superior. Several of the pictographs can only be seen by water access.
Park Office is located in the northern part of the park at Red Rock Lake. Senior staff, including the Superintendent, can be reached at the Park Office between 9 AM and 4 PM during summer months.
Agawa Bay has 152 campsites. There are 2 Comfort Stations located in the campground equipped with showers, laundry facilities and flush toilets. There is an amphitheatre located in the campground and presentations by park staff are a common occurrence in the summer months. All the campsites are within walking distance to Lake Superior. There is a premium for campsites located beside the beach. Permits are obtained at the Agawa Bay gatehouse. Firewood and ice is available for purchase at the Agawa Bay gatehouse.
Agawa Bay is also the location of the parks Visitors Centre where information can be obtained about the park and surrounding areas. There are washrooms and a gift shop open to the public from May through September. The Visitors centre has a display area orchestrating the history of the park and the influence that that Lake Superior Park had on the fur trade, the Group of Seven (artists) and shipwrecks in the region. There are trailer storage opportunities available, but arrangements must be made with senior staff located in the northern part of the park at the park office.
Crescent Lake has 46 campsites. There are no Comfort Stations located within the Crescent Lake campground. There are only vault toilets for washrooms. The campground is located approximately 2 kilometres off of Highway 17 and is located beside Crescent Lake. Firewood and ice can be purchased at the Agawa Bay gatehouse. Permits for Crescent Lake are obtained at the Agawa Bay gatehouse.
Rabbit Blanket Lake
Rabbit Blanket Lake has 60 campsites. There is one Comfort Station located within the campground equipped with showers, laundry facilities and flush toilets. The campground is located beside Rabbit Blanket Lake. Firewood and ice can be purchased at the Rabbit Blanket gatehouse or the Park Office.
Due to its size and location, the park lies in both the Eastern forest-boreal transition ecoregion and the Central Canadian Shield forests region. Its rugged landscape is wooded with a mix of coniferous and deciduous trees such as pine, maples and birch. Sugar maple dominates many forests in the southern two-thirds of the park.
The predominantly rocky coastline is interrupted by sandy beaches in a few locations. The park is situated within the Great Canadian Shield, dominated by exposed rocks or a thin layer of soil over rock.
The park supports a large moose (Alces alces) population. The best time for viewing moose is in the months of April, May, and June when the spring melt occurs. Other large animals found in the park include:
- White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus)
- Woodland caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou)
- Black bear (Ursus americanus)
- Grey wolf (Canis lupus)
During the summer months, the park provides habitat for warblers and other birds of the northern forests.
Lakes and Rivers
In addition to its namesake, the park has numerous smaller lakes in its interior. A number of rivers also flow from the park's interior:
- Agawa River
- Baldhead River
- Coldwater River
- Gargantua River
- Old Woman River
- Red Rock River
- Sand River
- "Lake Superior Provincial Park". Geographical Names Data Base. Natural Resources Canada. http://www4.rncan.gc.ca/search-place-names/unique.php?id=FBVYC&output=xml. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- Lake Superior Provincial Park, Friends of History
- Olson, D. M, E. Dinerstein, et al (2001). "Terrestrial Ecoregions of the World: A New Map of Life on Earth". BioScience 51 (11): 933–938. doi:10.1641/0006-3568(2001)051[0933:TEOTWA]2.0.CO;2.
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