Lake Tengiz

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Tengiz Lake
Теңіз көлі
Tengiz and Korgaljinski Lakes, Kazakhstan.jpg
2008
Coordinates 50°26′23″N 68°54′0″E / 50.43972°N 68.90000°E / 50.43972; 68.90000Coordinates: 50°26′23″N 68°54′0″E / 50.43972°N 68.90000°E / 50.43972; 68.90000
Type Salt lake
Basin countries Kazakhstan
Surface area 1,382 km²
Average depth 2.5 m
Max. depth 6.7 m

Tengiz Lake (Kazakh: Теңіз көлі; Russian: Тенгиз[1]) is a saline lake in north-central part of Kazakhstan.[2]

Lake Tengiz is an important wetland site for birds. It is a part of a Ramsar wetland site of international importance, "Tengiz-Korgalzhyn Lake System". 318 species of birds have been recorded at Lake Tengiz, 22 of which are endangered.[3] The lake is part of the Korgalzhyn Nature Reserve, which is was nominated in 2008 together with the Naurzum Nature Reserve as the first natural UNESCO World Heritage site in Kazakhstan (Saryarka — Steppe and Lakes of Northern Kazakhstan).

On October 16, 1976, the Soviet space ship Soyuz 23 unintentionally splashed down into the northern part of the lake, which was frozen. The crew was saved thanks to a very difficult rescue operation.[4]

Tengiz Lake with a relative high level (1998-09-15).
Tengiz Lake with a relative low level (2011-09-03), north-east part and lake margins dried up.

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