Lake Van Arsdale

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Lake Van Arsdale
Location Mendocino County, California[1]
Coordinates 39°23′9″N 123°7′2″W / 39.38583°N 123.11722°W / 39.38583; -123.11722[1]Coordinates: 39°23′9″N 123°7′2″W / 39.38583°N 123.11722°W / 39.38583; -123.11722[1]
Type Reservoir
Primary inflows Eel River, Mill Creek, Rocky Creek, Trout Creek
Primary outflows Eel River, Powerhouse Canal
Catchment area 345 sq mi (890 km2)[2]
Basin countries United States
Max. width 400 ft (120 m)
Surface area 163 acres (66 ha)[2]
Water volume 700 acre feet (860,000 m3)[2]
Surface elevation 1,493 feet (455 m)

Lake Van Arsdale, also known as Van Arsdale Reservoir,[1] is a reservoir on the Eel River in California, part of the Potter Valley Project. Located in Mendocino County, 4 miles (6.4 km) north of the town of Potter Valley, California, the reservoir supplies water to users as far south as Marin County.

The reservoir is formed by the Cape Horn Dam, also known as Van Arsdale Dam,[1] which impounds the waters of the Eel River. A portion of its water (154,000 acre feet (190,000,000 m3) per year, on average) is diverted southward through an aqueduct tunnel to a powerhouse in Potter Valley, where it drives a turbine capable of generating up to 9.4 MW of electric power. Diverted water then descends by means of the Powerhouse Canal and the East Branch Russian River to Lake Mendocino, which supplies the Sonoma County Water Agency. The non-diverted flow continues down the Eel to its mouth at the Pacific Ocean near Fortuna.[3]

History[edit]

In 1905, the Snow Mountain Water and Power Company started building the Potter Valley Project. Cape Horn Dam was completed in 1907,[2] and the original project became operational in 1908. Pacific Gas and Electric Company took over project in 1930 and has owned the dam ever since.

Cape Horn Dam[edit]

Cape Horn Dam is a gravity dam 96 feet (29 m) high, 515 feet (157 m) long, and 10 feet (3.0 m) thick, containing 40,000 cubic yards (31,000 m3) of material. Its crest is 1,519 feet (463 m) above sea level.[2]

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