Lake View Cemetery
The James A. Garfield Memorial in Lake View cemetery.
|Country||United States of America|
|Size||70 acres (28 ha)|
|Number of graves||104,000|
Lake View Cemetery is located on the east side of the City of Cleveland, Ohio, along the East Cleveland and Cleveland Heights borders. There are over 104,000 people buried at Lake View,:98 with more than 700 burials each year. There are 70 acres (0.28 km2) remaining for future development. Known locally as "Cleveland's Outdoor Museum," Lake View Cemetery is home to the James A. Garfield Memorial, Wade Memorial Chapel, which features an interior designed by Louis Tiffany, as well as an 80,000,000-US-gallon (300,000,000 l) capacity concrete-filled dam.
Lake View Cemetery was founded in 1869 and sits on 285 acres (1.15 km2) of land.:98 The cemetery is so named because it is partially located in the "heights" area of Greater Cleveland, with a view of Lake Erie to the north. It was modeled after the great garden cemeteries of Victorian era England and France. The Italian stonemasons brought in to create the Cemetery founded the Cleveland neighborhood of Little Italy just to its southwest.
The James A. Garfield Memorial is the most prominent point of interest at Lake View Cemetery. The ornate interior features a large marble statue, stained glass, bas relief, and various historical relics from Garfield's life and presidency. The monument also serves as a scenic observation deck and picnic area. President and Mrs. Garfield are entombed in the lower level crypt, their coffins placed side by side and visible to cemetery visitors.
Another prominent structure in the cemetery is the Wade Chapel. A small-but-magnificent chapel with Tiffany windows and elaborate Biblically-inspired mosaics on the walls, the edifice is still used for small weddings and located north and down the hill from the Garfield monument. Behind the chapel is a large pond. A smaller and very well known memorial, the Angel of Death Victorious at the gravesite of the Haserot family, was created by sculptor Herman Matzen.
- Newton D. Baker, U.S. Secretary of War during World War I
- Ernest Ball, composer of the music for the song "When Irish Eyes are Smiling"
- Frances Payne Bolton, United States House of Representatives
- Charles F. Brush, inventor and businessman:101
- William B. Castle, last Mayor of Ohio City, Mayor of Cleveland
- Ray Chapman, baseball player for the Cleveland Indians, one of only two Major League Baseball players to die of injuries sustained on the playing field during a game
- Charles W. Chesnutt, African-American attorney and author
- Henry D. Coffinberry, industrialist, founder of the Cleveland Shipbuilding Company, builder of the Onoko: the first iron-hulled laker
- Collinwood school (Lake View School) fire victims of 1908:104
- George Washington Crile, co-founder of the Cleveland Clinic and the first surgeon to successfully perform a direct blood transfusion
- Harvey Cushing, pioneer brain surgeon
- John A. Ellsler, actor and theatre manager
- James A. Garfield, 20th President of the United States:103
- Lucretia Garfield, former First Lady of the United States
- Marcus A. Hanna, U.S. Senator and Republican Party boss
- Stephen V. Harkness, investor and founding partner of Standard Oil along with John D. Rockefeller
- John Hay, former United States Secretary of State and aide to President Abraham Lincoln (Hay's monument was created by sculptor James Earle Fraser.)
- Edwin Converse Higbee, founder of Higbee's, the first department store in Cleveland
- Adella Prentiss Hughes, founder of the Cleveland Orchestra
- Effie Hinckley Ober Kline, founder of the Boston Ideal Opera Company, second wife of Virgil P. Kline
- Virgil P. Kline, abolitionist publisher and anti-trust attorney, later house counsel to John D. Rockefeller
- Al Lerner, owner of the Cleveland Browns
- Garrett Morgan, inventor of the gas mask and the three-colored traffic light:106
- Eliot Ness, detective, investigator and Cleveland safety director best known member of The Untouchables (Ness's ashes and those of his wife Elizabeth and son Robert were scattered over a pond in the cemetery. A memorial marker stands nearby.)
- Andrew Novick, leading urologist and researcher, pioneer of nephron-sparing surgery in kidney cancer, established the Glickman Urological and Kidney Institute at the Cleveland Clinic
- Harvey Pekar, comic book writer, known for his groundbreaking series American Splendor. Ashes scattered here.
- John D. Rockefeller, billionaire oil tycoon and philanthropist
- James Salisbury, inventor of the Salisbury steak
- Viktor Schreckengost, noted American industrial designer and teacher, sculptor, and artist who taught industrial design at the Cleveland Institute of Art for more than 50 years and was a professor emeritus until his death.
- Henry Alden Sherwin (1842–1916) was one of the two founders of the Sherwin-Williams Company in 1866. The company was created in part by both Sherwin and Edward Porter Williams.
- Rufus P. Spalding, abolitionist, judge of the Supreme Court of Ohio, member of the U.S. House of Representatives
- Anthony J. Stastny, composer, founder and president of Tin Pan Alley music publisher, A. J. Stasny Music Co.
- Carl B. Stokes, Mayor of Cleveland, United States ambassador, first African American elected mayor of a major American city
- Worthy S. Streator, physician, railroad baron, founder of Streator, Illinois, Ohio State Senator, first mayor of East Cleveland, Ohio
- William R. Van Aken, Ohio State Representative
- Mantis James Van Sweringen, railroad baron, financier and co-founder of Shaker Heights, Ohio
- Oris Paxton Van Sweringen, railroad baron, financier and co-founder of Shaker Heights, Ohio
- Jeptha Wade, founder of Western Union Telegraph company
- Vigil, Vicki Blum (2007). Cemeteries of Northeast Ohio: Stones, Symbols & Stories. Cleveland, OH: Gray & Company. ISBN 978-1-59851-025-6.
- "Lake View Cemetery". Encyclopedia of Cleveland History. Case Western Reserve University. Retrieved 2009-05-17.
- "Lake View Cemetery". forgottenoh.com. Retrieved 2012-12-03.
- "Captain America: The Winter Soldier film locations (2014)". Movie-locations.com. Retrieved 2014-07-14.
- "Bolton, Frances Payne". Encyclopedia of Cleveland History. Case Western Reserve University. Retrieved 2009-05-17.
- Funeral of John A. Ellsler. The New York Times, August 26, 1903 p. 3
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