Lakewood, Ohio

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Lakewood, Ohio
City
City of Lakewood
Cleveland, Ohio, as seen from Lakewood Park in April 2007.
Cleveland, Ohio, as seen from Lakewood Park in April 2007.
Nickname(s): "City of Beautiful Homes"
Motto: "A Great Place to Call Home"
Location of Lakewood in Cuyahoga County
Location of Lakewood in Cuyahoga County
Lakewood, Ohio is located in Ohio
Lakewood, Ohio
Lakewood, Ohio
Location of Lakewood in Ohio
Coordinates: 41°28′51″N 81°48′01″W / 41.48083°N 81.80028°W / 41.48083; -81.80028Coordinates: 41°28′51″N 81°48′01″W / 41.48083°N 81.80028°W / 41.48083; -81.80028
Country  United States of America
State  Ohio
County Seal of Cuyahoga County, Ohio.svg Cuyahoga
Government
 • Type Mayor-council
 • Mayor Michael P. Summers
Area[1]
 • Total 6.69 sq mi (17.33 km2)
 • Land 5.53 sq mi (14.32 km2)
 • Water 1.16 sq mi (3.00 km2)
Elevation [2] 705 ft (215 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 52,131
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 51,385
 • Density 9,426.9/sq mi (3,639.7/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 44107
Area code(s) 216
FIPS code[5] 39-41664
GNIS feature ID 1064966
Website www.onelakewood.com

Lakewood is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio. It is part of the Greater Cleveland Metropolitan Area, and borders the city of Cleveland. The population was 52,131 at the 2010 United States Census,[6] making it the third largest city in Cuyahoga County, behind Cleveland (396,815) and Parma (81,601).

Lakewood, one of Cleveland's inner-ring suburbs, borders the city of Cleveland to the west. Lakewood's population density is the highest of any city in Ohio and is roughly comparable to that of Washington, DC.

Government[edit]

Lakewood is governed by an elected mayor and elected council. The council's strength is seven, with 4 members representing wards in the city and other three are at large council members. Lakewood is represented in the U.S. House of Representatives by Marcy Kaptur (OH-9,D). In the state assembly it is represented by Michael Skindell (D) in the State Senate and by Nickie Antonio (D) in the State House. The expected expenditure for 2010 for the City of Lakewood is $33.7 Million with the city bringing in revenues of $ 34.03 Million.[7] The current income tax is 1.5%.

Geography[edit]

Lakewood is located at 41°28′51″N 81°48′1″W / 41.48083°N 81.80028°W / 41.48083; -81.80028 (41.480881, -81.800360),[8] about 6 miles (9.7 km) west of downtown Cleveland.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.69 square miles (17.33 km2), of which, 5.53 square miles (14.32 km2) is land and 1.16 square miles (3.00 km2) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 3,355
1910 15,181 352.5%
1920 41,732 174.9%
1930 70,509 69.0%
1940 69,160 −1.9%
1950 68,071 −1.6%
1960 66,154 −2.8%
1970 70,173 6.1%
1980 61,963 −11.7%
1990 59,718 −3.6%
2000 56,646 −5.1%
2010 52,131 −8.0%
Est. 2012 51,385 −1.4%
Sources:[9][10][5][11]

88.12% spoke English, 3.01% Arabic, 1.84% Spanish, 1.02% Albanian, and 0.74% Hungarian as their first language.[12]

As of the 2007 American Community Survey, the median income for a household in the city was $42,602, and the median income for a family was $59,201. Males had a median income of $42,599 versus $35,497 for females. The per capita income for the city was $26,939. About 10.9% of families and 14.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.3% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over. Of the city's population over the age of 25, 39.0% hold a bachelor's degree or higher.[13]

Lakewood is a hotspot for immigrants arrival mostly from Middle East and Albania. The foreign born population was 8.7% in 2007.

2010 U.S. Census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 52,131 people, 25,274 households, and 11,207 families residing in the city. The population density was 9,426.9 inhabitants per square mile (3,639.7 /km2). There were 28,498 housing units at an average density of 5,153.3 per square mile (1,989.7 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 87.5% White, 6.4% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.9% Asian, 1.3% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.1% of the population.

There were 25,274 households of which 22.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 29.7% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 55.7% were non-families. 44.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.05 and the average family size was 2.99.

The median age in the city was 35.4 years. 19.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 34.3% were from 25 to 44; 25.7% were from 45 to 64; and 11% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.1% male and 50.9% female.

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

Lakewood High School in April 2009

The City of Lakewood Public School System is managed by a directly elected school board. The Lakewood City Schools has been rated Continuous Improvement by the Ohio Dept. of Education in 2013. Lakewood boasts brand new elementary schools and middle schools. The high school is under renovation. Two more elementary schools are slated to be rebuilt or renovated in the next two years. The investment is the first major school building program in Lakewood since 1920. The Lakewood school system is one of the largest employers in the city of Lakewood.

  • Lakewood High School - One of the largest high schools in the state of Ohio, is highly diverse with over 2000 students attending. Has outstanding athletic facilities which regularly host regional competitions, as well as a successful music department.
  • Franklin Elementary, Franklin Blvd. closed June 2009. opened in 1909
  • Grant Elementary, 1470 Victoria Avenue, Lakewood, Ohio
  • Emerson Elementary, 13439 Clifton Blvd., Lakewood, Ohio
  • Harrison Elementary, 2080 Quail Street, Lakewood, Ohio
  • Hayes Elementary, 16401 Delaware Avenue, Lakewood, Ohio
  • Lincoln Elementary[14] 15615 Clifton Boulevard, Lakewood, Ohio 44107.
  • Horace Mann Elementary, 1215 West Clifton Blvd., Lakewood, Ohio
  • Roosevelt Elementary, 14327 Athens Avenue, Lakewood, Ohio
  • Harding Middle School - A new building replaced the original facility in 2007.
  • Garfield Middle School - A new middle school building that was formerly an elementary school, re-opened in 2007. Efforts were made to retain the original facade of the school, which was constructed in the late 1800s.
  • Taft Elementary - Closed June 2008.

Private schools[edit]

  • Lakewood Catholic Academy - a private Catholic K-8 school offering academic and religious education through a challenging curriculum. Lakewood Catholic Academy was established in 2005 when three separate Catholic grade schools (St. James, St. Clement and St. Luke) combined into one academy located at the former St. Augustine Academy campus.
  • Lakewood Lutheran School - k-8 integrated elementary education.
  • Padre Pio Academy - a K-8 elementary school founded by lay Catholics striving to be loyal to the Magisterium of the Church. It offers a classical curriculum and is a member of NAPCIS, the National Association of Private Catholic and Independent Schools.
  • St. Edward High School - Private Roman Catholic High School for boys which attracts students from around northeastern Ohio. New athletic facilities and chapel constructed in 2004 and 2006. 2010 Ohio Division I football champions.
  • The Virginia Marti College of Design - Offers degrees in Digital Media, Fashion Design, Fashion Merchandising, Graphic Design and Interior Design.
  • The University of Akron maintains a satellite branch in downtown Lakewood.

Economic development[edit]

Downtown Lakewood[edit]

Downtown Lakewood spans from Bunts Avenue to the east and Arthur Avenue to the west along Detroit Avenue. The area has been a site of significant economic development in recent years. Development in Lakewood has escalated in recent years, even during a period of regional and national economic decline (2006–2009).

Development[edit]

  • Lakewood's second-largest office complex, the former Bailey Building was purchased in 2006, was restored to its original historic grandeur through a $6MM renovation 2009.
  • Lakewood library underwent a $17 Million expansion in 2007.
  • Rockport Square, a new residential project by Forest City Enterprises began being developed on the eastern end of the city in 2004 and is incorporating mixed use all along Detroit Avenue. The project includes three phases, with the first one complete and the second one underway. The phase will include two 6-story loft buildings and several adjacent mixed-use buildings.
  • The Cleveland Clinic completed construction of a new one-story facility on Detroit Avenue in 2005, adjacent to Rockport Square.
  • Rosewood Place, a new mixed-used development reached completion in the end of 2006, offering new town homes, condos, and retail in the heart of Lakewood along Detroit Avenue.
  • The Lakewood YMCA finished construction of its new facility on Detroit Avenue in 2004. The two-story gymnasium features state-of-the-art exercise equipment, an indoor swimming pool, yoga lessons, and an extended babysitting service. The Lakewood YMCA is equivalent to a city rec center.

Awards[edit]

  • Travel + Leisure Magazine - Top 10 Suburbs in the USA.[15]
  • Business Week - Best Place to Raise Your Kids: 2010.[16]
  • The City of Lakewood Department of Planning & Development[17] won an award for Economic Development from Inside Business Magazine in 2009.[citation needed]
  • In 2009, the American Institute of Architects and the Cleveland Restoration Society honored the City of Lakewood Department of Planning & Development and LakewoodAlive[18] with an award for Creative & Effective Preservation Advocacy in 2009.
  • The Ohio Historic Preservation Office honored the City of Lakewood Department of Planning & Development and LakewoodAlive[18] for their collective efforts to recognize, preserve, and promote Lakewood’s historic resources in 2009.[citation needed]
  • This Old House Magazine chose Lakewood as the best city in the Midwest to buy a house in 2008.[citation needed]
  • Scene Magazine rated Lakewood the best city to live in 2006 and again in 2013.[citation needed]
  • The City of Lakewood was awarded the nationally renowned MainStreet program in 2005.[citation needed]

Attractions[edit]

Lakewood Park with view of Downtown Cleveland Skyline.
Gold Coast - Lakewood
Lakewood Park - Lakewood
  • Lakewood Park is one of the largest lakefront parks in Ohio and features a live concert stage, outdoor swimming pool, picnic pavilions, 4-season public pavilion, kids' playground, baseball, volleyball, and a skate park, which opened in 2004. Lakewood has more than 150 acres (0.61 km2) of greenspace citywide. The park's million dollar lakefront promenade opened in 2006 and offers an excellent panorama of Downtown Cleveland and the presence of viewing telescopes enhances the viewing experience of Downtown Cleveland. An all-purpose trail that circles the park was built in 2006.
  • The Rocky River Reservation of the Cleveland Metroparks System forms part of the city's western border. The Lakewood Dog Park, built in 2004, is located next to the Metroparks, in the Rocky River valley.
  • Lakewood Public Library[19] has won numerous awards[20] and has two branches: the main branch on Detroit Avenue and a smaller branch on Madison Avenue. The Lakewood Library is normally ranked one of the top 5 libraries in the USA for its size on a regular basis,[21] and was awarded "Best Place to Hang Out if You're Broke" by Scene Magazine in 2009.
  • The Beck Center for the Arts is the largest cultural arts center in Northeast Ohio and showcases numerous theatrical productions, concerts, events, activities and art shows.
  • Lakewood houses at least 4 art galleries: Bela Dubby (art gallery and coffeehouse), Breakneck Art Gallery, the Local Girl Gallery and the Wobblefoot Gallery.
  • Lakewood boasts a very popular bar scene up and down both Madison Avenue and Detroit Avenue.
  • Home of the Winchester Music Hall is in Lakewood, which hosts live music and has been named the best music venue in Cleveland.[22]
  • The home of Malley's Chocolates is in Lakewood, still retaining its original 1960s charm.
  • Aladdin's Eatery, a national restaurant brand, is based in Lakewood. Their first restaurant was founded in Lakewood by Fady and Sally Chamoun in 1994. Aladdin's Lakewood Headquarters was expanded in 2007.
  • New York Life Insurance Company's expanded its Lakewood offices, center of the company's midwest operations in 2005.

Other notes[edit]

  • The City of Lakewood first introduced curbside reycling in 1989 and has one of the highest recycling rates in all of Ohio: 79% in 2009.[23]
  • Lakewood, is home to a large number of media outlets including three weekly newspapers and a handful of devoted websites. The most notable include the independent community site LakewoodBuzz.com, The Lakewood Sun, The Lakewood Observer, and Lakewood Times.
  • Lakewood operates a US-CERT program. This all citizen emergency response program was created in 2005 to respond to emergencies within the city.
  • According to the Free Times and The Plain Dealer, Lakewood has the highest concentration of vegetarians and vegans in Northeast Ohio. Nature's Bin, a 501(c)3 non-profit organization, is one of the largest health food stores on the west side of Cleveland.
  • Historical housing throughout the city and an active historical society are the norm in Lakewood. The 'Make Lakewood Beautiful' program involves contests in which residents compete to make their home look and resemble its original design and architecture and awards are given to several homeowners each year. The city offers tours of the most famous homes in the spring, summer, and fall.

Skyline[edit]

Lakewood is home to a rather large number of high rises. While there are high rises throughout the city, most are concentrated in two areas: Gold Coast and in downtown Lakewood.

Gold Coast[edit]

Downtown Lakewood[edit]

  • Lakewood Center North (186 ft) is Lakewood's tallest office building with 15 floors of office space and is the largest private office building in Cuyahoga County outside of downtown Cleveland, based on total square footage.
  • The INA Building, the first medical office building ever constructed.
  • Westerly West Building
  • Westerly East Building
  • Westerly South Building
  • Northwesterly

Other high rises[edit]

  • Castlewood Apartments
  • Richard Hilliard House Condominiums
  • Fedor Manor
  • Harbour View Apartments
  • Commodore Club Apartments

Neighborhoods and districts[edit]

A residential street in Lakewood
  • Arts District (Proposed in 2006) - 3 locations have been proposed with the most likely location to be centered around The Beck Center For The Arts, just west of downtown Lakewood.
  • Birdtown - Southeastern corner of Lakewood, a well-known 8-street residential district on the southeast side of the city that was built specifically for the workers of the nearby Union Carbide company in the 1890s. The houses are distinctive and most of the streets are named after birds. Birdtown was recently designated a National Register Historic District. Located adjacent to Madison Park, the former Union Carbide factory, and the W. 117th St. Rapid Transit Station. Many of the original houses built there were boarding houses. Birdtown achieved National Historic Register status in 2006.
  • Clifton Boulevard - Lined with big trees and multi-family homes, apartment complexes, and 4x4 brick structures, the 7-lane Clifton Boulevard is one of the busiest streets in Lakewood.
  • Clifton Park - The wealthiest neighborhood of Lakewood is situated in the northwestern corner of the city, and consists mostly of magnificent Victorian mansions. Bounded by Sloane on the south, West Clifton on the east, The Rocky River on the west, and Lake Erie on the north. Built in the late 19th century, this area has been historically and continues to be the home to many of greater Cleveland's most prominent citizens. Includes the private Clifton Beach community.
  • Downtown Lakewood - The main section of Lakewood is centered at Detroit Avenue and Warren Road. This district was formally identified when Lakewood was chosen as a member of the national MainStreet program in 2005. The area is lined with office buildings, restaurants, and variety shops. Lakewood Library, the USPS, Lakewood Hospital, and Lakewood City Schools are all located in this district.
  • Edge, The - This easternmost neighborhood includes many concert venues, pubs, and taverns and co-exists partially in the city of Cleveland.
  • 'Victorian Village-named after the large Victorian homes on Grace, Clarence and Cohassett Avenues on the city's east end. When constructed in the early 1900s, served as residences for executives from National Carbon Company.
  • Rockport Square - Rockport Square (not to be confused with the former Rockport Township) is an urban renewal project along Detroit Avenue on the eastern side of the city. Construction began in 2004 of roughly 200 condos, lofts, and live-work spaces.
  • West End - The West End is the westernmost neighborhood of Lakewood, along the Rocky River Reservation. There was a proposal to create a lifestyle center here in 2003, but after a controversial Mike Wallace "60 Minutes" segment critical of the City's attempts to use eminent domain, residents voted against it by a handful of votes.
  • Lakewood's nickname "City of Beautiful Homes" is due to the fact the city was intentially designed in the early 1900s with a lack of industry and an emphasis on a diverse variety of residential housing structures including many large Tudors mainly near the lakeshore, and multi-family and smaller single family homes in many other sections of the city.

Transportation[edit]

  • The Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority's 55 and 55F routes (the F is an express route), run east and west along Clifton Boulevard, terminating at Cleveland State University in downtown Cleveland to the east and in Fairview Park (55) or Avon Lake (55F) to the west.[24]
  • RTA Route 26 serves Detroit Avenue, Route 86 serves Warren Road, Route 70 runs along Bunts Road, and Route 25 serves Madison Avenue.[24]
  • There is an RTA rapid transit station located just inside Cleveland city limits at W. 117th St. and Madison Avenue, offering access to the Red Line east to Windermere via Downtown Cleveland and west to Cleveland Hopkins International Airport.[24] Another RTA station that serves Lakewood is Triskett.
  • RTA's Route 804, the Lakewood Community Circulator, was discontinued by RTA in late 2009. But Lakewood residents and city officials are campaigning for it to return.[24]
  • I-90 borders the south side of Lakewood and has on/off-ramps at W. 117th St., Bunts Road, Warren Road, and McKinley Road.
  • The Cleveland Memorial Shoreway begins approximately 1-mile (1.6 km) east of Lakewood via Lake Avenue and Clifton Boulevard and serves as a transportation hub to and from downtown Cleveland.
  • Lakewood is included in the service areas of several taxicab companies.
  • Lakewood is pedestrian-friendly, with sidewalks on both sides of most streets, and the majority of the city's residences within 1-mile (1.6 km) of the commercial districts on Madison and Detroit Avenues.
  • Lakewood is bicycle-friendly, with designated "share the road" paths through the city.[25]

Notable residents[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder2". Retrieved 2010-03-20. 
  7. ^ "City of Lakewood Finances 2010". Retrieved March 1, 2011. 
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  10. ^ "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  11. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  12. ^ http://www.mla.org/map_data_results&state_id=39&place_id=41664&cty_id=
  13. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/39/3941664.html
  14. ^ Lincoln Elementary School PTA - Lakewood, Ohio
  15. ^ Coolest Suburbs Worth a Visit- Page 4 - Articles - Travel + Leisure
  16. ^ Best Places to Raise Your Kids: 2010: Best Place to Raise Your Kids: Ohio - BusinessWeek
  17. ^ City of Lakewood, Ohio: Department of Planning and Development
  18. ^ a b Economic Development News and Events in Lakewood, Ohio
  19. ^ Lakewood Public Library (Lakewood, Ohio)
  20. ^ http://www.lkwdpl.org/about/awards/awards
  21. ^ Library Name
  22. ^ [1]
  23. ^ according to the city web site, accessed October 1, 2009[verification needed]
  24. ^ a b c d Greater Cleveland Regional Transport Authority: Timetables, Maps & Schedules
  25. ^ http://bikelakewood.org/Bike%20Ordinances%20New.pdf
  26. ^ "Board Votes to Name Cornerstone Venue ‘Richard F. Celeste Theatre’". May 25, 2011. 
  27. ^ http://www.nfl.com/player/brianhoyer/81294/profile
  28. ^ Cabot, Mary Kay (16 May 2013). "Cleveland Browns agree to terms with QB Brian Hoyer, a Cleveland native". Cleveland Plain Dealer. Retrieved 20 January 2014. "Born in Lakewood and a resident of North Olmsted..." 

External links[edit]