Gate of Lakhpat fort
|• Official||Gujarati, Hindi|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Coastline||10 kilometres (6.2 mi)|
|Sex ratio||0.99 ♂/♀|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Bhuj|
|Avg. summer temperature||42 °C (108 °F)|
|Avg. winter temperature||20 °C (68 °F)|
Lakhpat is a small town and sub-district in Kachchh district in the Indian state of Gujarat located at the mouth of Kori Creek. The town is enclosed by 7km long 18th-century fort walls. As of 2001[update] it had a population of 436 in 87 households.
The literal meaning of Lakhpat is the city of millionaire as historically town was bustling with port activities and had daily revenue of one lakh (0.1 million) Kutch kori, the former currency.
Today it is sparsely populated Ghost town, a city of ruins of buildings and a magnificent fort surrounding them. Historically it has been very important trading post connecting Gujarat to Sindh. The waters of Sindhu river used to flow into Lakhpat and further onto Deshalpar (Gunthli). Rice used to be cultivated and Lakhpat used to give an annual revenue of 800,000 Koris just from rice. It is also said that Lakhpat used to generate an income of 100,000 Koris everyday from maritime activities. The 7 km long fort walls was erected by Jamadar Fateh Muhammed in 1801. After the earthquake of 1819 a natural dam known as the Allahbund was formed, Indus river changed its course of flow and started flowing into the Arabian sea further north. Thus Lakhpat lost its importance as a port.
During the period of Muslim invasion, the Khudabadi Sonara Community and other Hindus who had not converted to Islam under the Ghaznavids moved to VighoKot and Lakhpat (in Kutch) around 1028 AD, to avoid genocide at the hands of the invading Muslims and to live peacefully under Hindu Samma rulers.
Places of Interest
Sayyed Pir Shah Dargah has nine-domed with intricate carvings. Nani Mai Dargah, Hatkeshwar Temple amongst others in the old town are reminisces of the glorious past.
Pir Ghaus Muhammed tomb
Pir Ghaus Muhammed, a Sufi saint, is buried here. He was revered by both Hindu and Muslims. His tomb known as Kubo have fine stone carvings and flower lattice patterns. The water tank opposite the tomb is believed to have healing characteristics for skin diseases.
Lakhpat Gurudwara Sahib
Lakhpat Gurudwara Sahib is a religious place for the Sikhs. It is believed that Guru Nanak on his way to Mecca for Haj stayed over here. This Gurdwara have his relics like footwear and palkhi. They are worshiped by the Udasi Sect. The Gurudwara is declared a protected monument by the state archeological department and has won the UNESCO award for restoration after the earthquake.
The seaward side of the fort is guarded by Border Security Force (BSF) of India soldiers as it is not far away from international border between India and Pakistan marked in salt marsh land. There are BSF guards posted on the fort's fortifications and the nearby Border Outpost.
In popular culture
- Hindi film Refugee directed by J P Dutta featured Lakhpat fort as a fictitious town located across the international border in neighboring Pakistan.
- "View Population". Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 25 March 2012.
- BOTTOMLINE - THE AWARD COMES AS A GIFT FOR LOCAL RESIDENTS, NONE OF THEM SIKH, WHO PARTICIPATED IN THE RESTORATION PROJECT. Stone by stone, they restored gurudwara to bag UNESCO award; by Rupam Jain Nair; 9 September 2004; The Indian Express
- A gurdwara in no man's land; With Sunil Raghu in Lakhpat; 3 January 2006; CNN-IBN
- Google Book Review: History of Sikh Gurus Retold: 1469-1606 C.E; By Surjit Singh Gandhi; Published by Atlantic Publishers and Distributors (P) Ltd.; ISBN 978-81-269-0859-2
- Gurudwara Pehli Patshahi (Lakhpat); Gateway to Sikhism. Also posted at 
- A year of cycling across India to save youth from drugs; 31 January 2009; IANS; Bombay News.Net. Also posyed at 
- Rann of Kutch terrain comes in way of fast border fencing; 7 December 2009; Times of India
- Concrete road in Sir Creek to help BSF in patrolling; by Roxy Gagdekar; 1 August 2009; DNA india
- Drawing a line in the sand; Janyala Sreenivas; 17 April 2005; Indian Express Newspaper
- Lakhpat heard there was a war, knows little else; by Dharmendrasinh Chavda; 28 August 1999; The Indian Express
- The quaint charm of Rann of Kutch; by P.Devarajan; 27 January 2000; Business Line, Financial Daily from THE HINDU group of publications
- Lakhpat on Gujarat Tourism department website
- Trip Record: Photos of Friends on a motorbike trip through Kutch visiting the Great Rann of Kutch passing through Kala Dungar (Black hill), snow white Rann, then they visit the Dholavira Harappan excavation site. Then biking through Banni grasslands they see Indian Wild Ass there and Chari-Dhand Wetland Conservation Reserve. They then Bike to Lakhpat fort village and also Mandvi beach.. Also see .
- Between sun and superstition; 11 August 1999; EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE; The Indian Express
- Border villagers set to get I-card; by Hiral Dave; 16 June 2009; The Indian Express
- YouTube VIDEO: Lakhpat; India Darshan - A TV Documentary snippet in Hindi
- YouTube VIDEO: Reality check of National ID card project in Lakhpat, Gujarat, India; A TV Report; NewsX Video