Laki language

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Not to be confused with Lak language. ‹See Tfd›
Laki
Lekí
Native to Iran, Iraq
Region Central Zagros
Ethnicity Laks
Native speakers
1 million  (2000)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 lki
Glottolog laki1244[2]
Linguasphere 58-AAC-aac

Laki (Kurdish: لەکیLekí[3][pronunciation?]) is a Northwestern Iranian language. Although it is usually considered a dialect of Southern Kurdish,[4][5][6][7] Lexical similarity with Khorramabadi Luristani is 78%, with Iranian Persian is 70%, and with Northern Luri is 69%.[1]

Laki is spoken in the central Zagros region of Iran (provinces of Lorestan, KermanshahIlam, and in much smaller numbers in Qazvin, Hamedan, and Khuzestan). Even smaller parts of Iraq's Kurdistan, and Turkey's KurdistanLak people. Laki speakers dominate Southeastern Kermanshah, and Northern Lorestan, and small portion of western Ilam. This area is known as Lakestan, cities such as Harsin, Kuhdasht, Sahnah, and Noorabad, are dominate by Laks. Kermanshah city, Islamabad, Alashtar, have Lak populations.

Comparison between Laki and some other Kurdish varieties[edit]

Feyli Kelhuri Soranî Kurmanji Laki Hewrami English
wehar wehar behar, wehar behar, bihar wehar, vihar wehar spring
tawsan tawsan hawîn, tawsan havîn tawsan hamîn summer
payîz payîz payîz pahîz, payîz payîz payîz autumn
waran waran baran, werişt baran varan, waran, veşt waran, weşt rain
çaw çaw çaw çav çem çem eye
dut dut kiç keç, dot dit, afiret kinaçê girl
kurr kurr kurr kurr kurr kurr boy
gurdalle gurdalle gurçîle gurçik gurdalle wellk kidney
rêwêar rêwêar rêbwar rêbwar, rêwî rêvêar rawyar wayfarer
minall minall minall, mindall zarok ayîl zarolle child
xwem xwem xom ez bi xwe wijim wêm myself
minîş minîş minîş ez jî / min jî minîş minîç me too
keftin keftin kewtin ketin ketin kewtey to fall
xistin xistin hawêştin avêtin aîtin, aîştin - to throw
(mi) hatim (mi) hatim (min) hatim ez hatim (mi) hetim - I came
(mi) xwem/xwerim (mi) xwem/dixwim (min) exwem/dexom ez dixwim (mi) merim/mexwim min meweru I eat
(mi) nan xwardim (mi) nan xwardim (min) nanim xward min nan xuard (mi) nanim hward - I ate the meal
(mi) nan xwem (mi) nan xwem (min) nan dexwim ez nanê di xwum (mi) nane merim/mexwim - I am eating the meal
(mi) nan xwardisim (mi) na xwardêam (min) nanim dexward min nan di xuard (mi) nanme mehward - I was eating the meal
(mi) hatime (mi) hatime (min) hatûme ez hatime (mi) hetime - I have come
(mi) hatoîm (mi) hatoîm (min) hatibûm ez hatibûm (mi) hetoîm - I had come

Laki colors[edit]

Laki Kurmanji English
ispê, çermê sipî white
reş, sê reş black
kaû şîn blue
sor sor red
kesk kesk green
hoîl, qehveyî qehweyî brown
xakî gewr gray
zer zer yellow

Laki calendar[edit]

Mangê lekî
  pence
  mêrêan
  gakûr
  agranî
  mirdar
  male jêr
  male jêr domaêne
  tül tekin
  mange sêe
  niwrûj
  xake lêe
  mang êd

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Laki at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Laki". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Laki - Kurdish Academy of language
  4. ^ Windfuhr, G. (2009). The Iranian Languages, Routledge, p. 587
  5. ^ Rüdiger Schmitt: Die iranischen Sprachen in Gegenwart und Geschichte. Wiesbaden (Reichert) 2000.
  6. ^ Rüdiger Schmitt (Hg.): Compendium Linguarum Iranicarum. Wiesbaden (Reichert) 1989.
  7. ^ V. Minorsky, “Lak”, Encyclopaedia of Islam.

External links[edit]