Lakkja language

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Lakkia
Lakkja
Native to China
Region Jinxiu Yao Autonomous County, Guangxi
Native speakers
9,000  (2007)[1]
Tai–Kadai
  • Lakkja–Kam ?
    • Lakkia
Language codes
ISO 639-3 lbc
Glottolog lakk1238[2]

The Lakkja language (Chinese: 拉珈语; also spelled Lakkia) is a Tai–Kadai language spoken in Jinxiu Yao Autonomous County, Laibin 来宾, east-central Guangxi, China. Lakkja people are also known as the Chashan Yao, or Tea Mountain Yao, since they were traditionally considered by neighboring peoples to be a Miao–Yao (Hmong–Mien) people. The name Lakkja means mountain people. All Lakkja dialects have 5 tones.

Lakkja speakers are thought to have migrated from further east, possibly from the Biao-speaking areas of northwestern Guangdong province. Today, they live mostly in the Dayaoshan (Chinese: 大瑶山; "Big Yao Mountain") region of Jinxiu County.

Classification[edit]

The genetic affiliation of the Lakkja language within the Tai–Kadai family is uncertain, although its position could be coordinate with the Kam–Sui languages.

Dialects of Lakkia include (L.-Thongkum 1992):

  • Jintian 金田
  • Liula 六拉
  • Jinxiu 金秀
  • Lingzu 岭祖
  • Changdong 长峒

Distribution[edit]

Lakkja is spoken in the following locations.[3]

  • Jinxiu Township 金秀镇: Jinxiu 金秀、Baisha 白沙、Liula 六拉、Xidi 昔地、Changtan 长滩、Chang'er 长二、Zhaibao 寨保、Yangliu 杨柳、Liuduan 六段、Jiangjun 将军、Sanpian 三片、Tiancun 田村、Liucun 刘村、Shecun 社村、Mengcun 孟村、Meicun 美村、Jincun 金村、Jintian 金田、Luomeng 罗梦
  • Changdong Township 长洞乡: Changdong 长洞、Gufang 古放、Pingdao 平道、Daojiang 道江、Dishui 滴水、Rongdong 容洞
  • Sanjiao Township 三角乡: Liuding 六定
  • Zhongliang Township 忠良乡: Lingzu 岭祖、Bale 巴勒
  • Luoxiang Township 罗香乡: Pingzhu 平竹

The Lingzu dialect still preserves /kl/ clusters, which corresponds to /kj/ in most other dialects. Additionally, Changdong 长洞 and Jintian 金田 tone /51/ corresponds to Jinxiu 金秀 tone /231/.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lakkia at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Lakkia". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Guangxi Minority Languages Orthography Committee. 2008. Vocabularies of Guangxi ethnic languages [广西民族语言方音词汇]. Beijing: Nationalities Publishing House [民族出版社].
  4. ^ L.-Thongkum (1992) reports that Jintian 金田 is a less conservative dialect.

Further reading[edit]

  • Haudricourt, André-G. 1967. "La langue lakkia." Bulletin de l'École Française d'Extrême-Orient 57 / Bulletin de la Société Linguistique de de Paris 62:1:165-182.
  • Solnit, David B. 1988. "The position of Lakkia within Kadai." In Comparative Kadai: Linguistic studies beyond Tai, Jerold A. Edmondson and David B. Solnit (eds.). pages 219-238. Summer Institute of Linguistics Publications in Linguistics 86. Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics and the University of Texas at Arlington.
  • Su Defu / 苏德富, et al. 1992. 茶山瑤研究文集 / Chashan Yao yan jiu wen ji. Beijing: Minzu University: 中央民族学院出版社.

External links[edit]