Lakon language

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For other uses, see Lakona (disambiguation).
Lakon
Vure
Native to Vanuatu
Region Gaua
Native speakers
800  (2012)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 lkn
Glottolog lako1245[2]
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

Lakon [lakɔn] is an Oceanic language, spoken on the west coast of Gaua island in Vanuatu.

Names[edit]

Lakon is named after the area where it is spoken, also known as Lakona Bay, which encompasses the west coast of Gaua. It is sometimes referred to as Lakona (after its name in Mota). Its former dialects include Qatareu (Qätärew), Vure (Vurē), Toglatareu, Togla.

Phonology[edit]

Lakon has 16 phonemic vowels. These include 8 short /i ɪ ɛ æ a ɔ ʊ u/ and 8 long vowels /iː ɪː ɛː æː aː ɔː ʊː uː/.[3]

Lakon vowels
  Front Central Back
Near-close i   u
Close-mid ɪɪː   ʊʊː
Open-mid ɛɛː   ɔɔː
Near-open ææː    
Open   a  

Historically, the phonemicisation of vowel length originates in the compensatory lengthening of short vowels when the alveolar trill /r/ was lost syllable-finally.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ François (2012:88).
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Lakon". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ François (2005:445), François (2011:194).
  4. ^ François (2005:461).

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]