Lal Bal Pal
Lal Bal Pal (Hindi: लाल बाल पाल, Lala Lajpat Rai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Bipin Chandra Pal) were a triumvirate of assertive nationalists in British-ruled India in the early 20th century. They advocated the Swadeshi movement involving the boycott of all imported items and the use of Indian-made goods in 1907.
The last years of the nineteenth century, saw a radical sensibility emerge among some Indian Intellectuals. This position burst onto the national all-India scene in 1905 with the Swadeshi movement - the term is usually rendered as "self reliance" or "self sufficiency".
Lal-Bal-Pal, mobilized Indians across the country against the Bengal partition, and the demonstrations, strikes and boycotts of British goods that began in Bengal soon spread to other regions in a broader protest against the Raj.
- Erez Manela, The Wilsonian moment: self-determination and the international origins of anticolonial nationalism, Published by Oxford University Press US, 2007, ISBN 0-19-517615-4, ISBN 978-0-19-517615-5
- "Death anniversary of Lala Lajpat Rai" (pdf). Government of Orissa. Retrieved 2011-10-13.
- "Lala Lajpat Rai". Government of India. Retrieved 2011-10-13.
- Smt. Ashalatha A., Sri. Pradeep Koropath, Smt. Saritha Nambarathil (2009). Chapter 6 - Indian National Movement. "Social Science: Standard VIII Part 1". Government of Kerala • Department of Education (State Council of Educational Research and Training (SCERT)). p. 72. Retrieved 2011-10-13.