Lalgudi Jayaraman

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Lalgudi Jayaraman
Born (1930-09-17)17 September 1930
Chennai
Died 22 April 2013(2013-04-22) (aged 82)
Genres indian classical music, jazz fusion
Occupations Violinist, composer,
Instruments Violin, percussion, synthesizers
Years active 1942–2013

Lalgudi Gopala Iyer Jayaraman (Tamil: லால்குடி கோபால ஐயர் ஜெயராமன்) (17 September 1930 – 22 April 2013) was an Indian Carnatic violinist, vocalist and composer. His awards included the National Film Award for Best Music Direction for his score to the film Sringaram: Dance of Love.

His disciples included his two children Lalgudi G. J. R. Krishnan, Lalgudi Vijayalakshmi, renowned Harikatha exponent Vishaka Hari, Saketharaman, Vittal Ramamurthy,Dr.N.Shashidhar, the leading Vainika Srikanth Chary and the Academy Award nominated Bombay Jayashri Ramnath.

Early life and background[edit]

Born in the lineage of a disciple of the saint musician Thyagaraja, Sri Lalgudi Jayaraman inherited the essence of Carnatic music from his versatile father, late V R Gopala Iyer, who trained him.[1]

Career[edit]

At the age of 12, he started his musical career as an accompanying violinist to Carnatic musicians before rising as a prominent soloist.[2][3]

He expanded the style of violin playing by inventing a whole new technique that is designed to best suit the needs of Indian Classical Music and establishing a unique style that came to be known as Lalgudi Bani'. Jayaraman composed several 'kritis', 'tillanas' and 'varnams' and dance compositions, which are a blend of raga, bhava, rhythm and lyrical beauty. Lalgudi's instrumental talent comes to the fore in the form of lyrical excellence. He brought the most-sought-after vocal style into violin, and his renditions exhibit knowledge of lyrical content of the compositions.[4][5][6]

He has been in great demand for accompanying vocalists, and has accompanied such great vocal virtuosos as Ariyakudi Ramanuja Iyengar, Chembai Vaidyanatha Bhagavatar, M.D. Ramanathan, Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer, G. N. Balasubramaniam, Madurai Mani Iyer, Voleti Venkateswarulu, Nedunuri Krishnamurthy, K. V. Narayanaswamy, Maharajapuram Santhanam, D. K. Jayaraman, M.Balamuralikrishna, T. V. Sankaranarayanan, T. N. Seshagopalan and flute maestro N. Ramani. He has given concerts extensively in India as well as abroad. The Government of India sent him to Russia as a member of the Indian Cultural Delegation. His accompanying wizardry and quick responses to the various challenges posed by the main artistes remain unsurpassed. His accomplishments are numerous but chief of them is the fact that he was the first to bring international attention to the Carnatic style of violin playing. He also introduced a new concept of musical ensemble with violin, venu (flute) and veena in 1966, and gave several outstanding concerts.[7]

After inviting him to play the Edinburgh Festival in 1965, Yehudi Menuhin, the renowned violinist, impressed by Lalgudi's technique and performance, presented him with his Italian violin. Lalgudi presented Menuhin with an ivory dancing Nataraja when Menuhin visited India.[8]

He has also performed in Singapore, Malaysia, Manila and East European countries. His recordings submitted to the International Music Council, Baghdad, Asian Pacific Music Rostrum and Iraq Broadcasting Agency by AIR New Delhi have been adjudged as the best and accorded the first position out of 77 entries received from the various countries during 1979. He was invited to give concerts at Cologne, Belgium and France. The Government of India chose him to represent India at the Festival of India in USA, London and he gave solo and 'Jugalbandi' concerts in London and also in Germany and Italy that received rave reviews. Sri Lalgudi went on a tour in the year 1984 to Oman, UAE, Qatar and Bahrain, which was highly successful. He composed the lyrics and music for the operatic ballet Jaya Jaya Devi, which premiered in 1994 at Cleveland, Ohio (US) and was staged in many other cities in the United States. In October 1999, Lalgudi performed in the UK under the auspices of Sruthi Laya Sangham (Institute of fine arts). After the concert, a dance drama Pancheswaram, composed by Lalgudi, was staged.[9]

His biography, An Incurable Romantic was released posthumously in 2013, containing a foreword by sitarist Ravi Shankar, and charts his 70 years in the music industry.[10]

Awards[edit]

Jayaraman earned several titles, such as 'Nada Vidya Tilaka' by Music Lovers’ Association of Lalgudi in 1963, 'Padma Shri' by the Government of India in 1972, 'Nada Vidya Rathnakara' by East West Exchange in New York, 'Vadya Sangeetha Kalaratna' by Bharathi Society, New York; 'Sangeetha Choodamani' by Sri Krishna Gana Sabha, Chennai in 1971; State Vidwan of Tamil Nadu by the Government of Tamil Nadu and Sangeetha Natak Academy award in 1979 etc. The First Chowdaiah Memorial National-Level award was given to Sri Jayaraman by the Chief Minister of Karnataka. He also received honorary citizenship of Maryland, US in 1994 and the Padma Bhushan by the Government of India in 2001. He won the National Film Award for Best Music Direction for the film Sringaram in 2006. In 2010, Jayaraman became a fellow of the Sangeet Natak Akademi.[11]

Personal life[edit]

Lalgudi Jayaraman was married to Smt Rajalakshmi and had two children: his son G.J.R.Krishnan and his daughter Lalgudi Vijayalakshmi. Both follow the footsteps of their father and are famous in their own right. He had three sisters Padmavathy, a vainika, Rajalakshmi and Srimathi, both violinists. Srimathi learned violin from him as well. The renowned veena player Jayanthi Kumaresh is Smt Rajalakshmi's daughter.

Jayaraman died on 22 April 2013 after suffering a cardiac arrest in Chennai. He is survived by his wife, son and daughter.[12][13]

Compositions[edit]

Most famous for his thillanas and varnams, Sri Lalgudi Jayaraman is considered one of the most prolific composers of modern times. His compositions span four languages ( Tamil, Telugu, Kannada and Sanskrit), as well as a whole range of ragas not conventionally used for varnams or thillanas. Characteristic of his style, the melody of his compositions camouflages subtle rhythmic intricacies. His compositions are very popular with Bharathanatyam dancers, even as they have become a standard highlight of every leading Carnatic musician's repertoire. His compositions include:

Varnams[edit]

Compositions Raga
Chalamu séyanéla Valaji
Parama karuna Garudadhvani
Neevé gatiyani Nalinakanthi
Neevégaani Mandari
Vallabhai nayaka Mohanakalyani
Devi un paadamé Devagandhari
Thirumal Maruga un Thirunaamam      Andholika
Unnai yand'ri Kalyani
Ento Premato Bahudari

Pada Varnams[edit]

Compositions Raga
Innum en manam Charukesi
Centhil nagar Neelambari
Devar munivar tozhum      Shanmukhapriya
Angayarkanni Ragamalika (Navarasa pada varnam)

Thillanas[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gupta, Om. (2006). Encyclopaedia of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Gyan Publishing House
  2. ^ Lalgudi Jayaraman – Profile
  3. ^ Lalgudi Jayaraman’s varnams for posterity too, thanks to DVD release
  4. ^ Award for Lalgudi Jayaraman
  5. ^ Carnatica honours Lalgudi G. Jayaraman
  6. ^ Honour for Lalgudi Jayaraman
  7. ^ Gupta, Om. (2006). Encyclopaedia of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Gyan Publishing House
  8. ^ Ashok Roy. (2004) Music Makers: Living Legends of Indian Classical Music. Rupa Publications
  9. ^ Priyamvada, Arita (2007). Encyclopaedia of Indian music. Anmol
  10. ^ http://www.newindianexpress.com/cities/chennai/Life-of-Lalgudi-Jayaraman-chronicled/2013/07/20/article1691873.ece
  11. ^ "Declaration of Sangeet Natak Akademi fellowships (Akademi Ratna) and Akademi Awards (Akademi Puraskar) for the year 2009" (Press release). Ministry of Culture. 16 February 2010. Retrieved 17 February 2010. 
  12. ^ "Lalgudi Jayaraman passes away" (Press release). The Hindu. 22 April 2013. Retrieved 22 April 2013. 
  13. ^ "Carnatic violinist-composer Lalgudi G Jayaraman passes away in Chennai". The Times of India. 22 April 2013. Retrieved 23 April 2013. 

External links[edit]