Lalla Fatma N'Soumer
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Italian Wikipedia. (October 2012)|
Bella Fadhma on an old postcards.
|Native name||Kabyle: Faḍma n Sumer
Arabic: لالا فاطمة نسومر
|Born||Fadhma Nat Sid Hmed
Werja, Abi Youcef
|Known for||Kabyle resistance fighter against the French conquest of Algeria|
Lalla Fadhma n'Soumer or Lalla Fatma n'Soumer, Lalla Faḍma n Sumer in Kabyle (born Fadhma Nat Sid Hmed in Abi Youcef, Algeria c.1830) was an important figure of the Algerian resistance movement during the first years of the French colonial conquest of Algeria. She was seen as the embodiment of the struggle. Lalla, the female equivalent of sidi, is an honorific reserved for women of high rank, or who are venerated as saints. Fadhma is the Berber/French spelling of the Arabic name Fatima, which is colloquially pronounced Fatma in most Arabic dialects as well as Berber.
- Emile Carrey, Récits de Kabylie. Campagne de 1857, Paris 1858
- Adolphe Hanoteau, Poésies populaires de la Kabylie du Jurjura, Paris 1867
- Tahar Oussedik, Lalla Fadhma n'Summer, Algeri, Laphomic, 1983
- Boukhalfa Bitam, Fadhma n'Soumer. Une autre lecture du combat de l'illustre fille de Werja, Draa Ben Khedda, Aurassi, 2000
- (French) An online biography (often incorrect and a bit emphatic), on Algiers parliament site
- (French) An article confronting informations on Lalla Fadhma coming from oral and written sources