Lamar, Colorado

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Lamar, Colorado
City
Main Street facing north in downtown, 2007
Main Street facing north in downtown, 2007
Location in Prowers County and the State of Colorado
Location in Prowers County and the State of Colorado
Coordinates: 38°05′10″N 102°37′10″W / 38.08611°N 102.61944°W / 38.08611; -102.61944Coordinates: 38°05′10″N 102°37′10″W / 38.08611°N 102.61944°W / 38.08611; -102.61944
Country  United States
State  State of Colorado
County Prowers County Seat[1]
Incorporated December 5, 1886[2]
Government
 • Type Home Rule Municipality[1]
 • Mayor Roger Stagner[3]
Area
 • Total 4.2 sq mi (11 km2)
 • Land 4.2 sq mi (11 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation[4] 3,625 ft (1,105 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 7,804
 • Density 2,111.7/sq mi (806.3/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code[5] 81052
Area code(s) 719
FIPS code 08-43110
GNIS feature ID 0203835
Website www.ci.lamar.co.us

Lamar is a Home Rule Municipality and county seat of Prowers County, Colorado, United States.[6] The city population was 8,869 at the U.S. Census 2000. The city was named after Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar (Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar II) during the period that he was Secretary of the Interior in the futile hope that the then town would be named as the land office.

History[edit]

Restored railroad depot and Lamar visitor center

The northern site of the Pierre Auger Observatory of ultra-high energy cosmic rays is planned to be built near Lamar.[7]

Geography and climate[edit]

Lamar is located at 38°5′10″N 102°37′10″W / 38.08611°N 102.61944°W / 38.08611; -102.61944. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.2 square miles (11 km2), all land. Lamar is east of Pueblo, on the Arkansas River in southeastern Colorado.

Lamar is antipodal, or globally opposite, to Ile Amsterdam, an island in the southern Indian Ocean, making Lamar one of only three locations in the United States that is opposite another landmass on earth.

Climate data for Lamar, Colorado (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 45.2
(7.3)
49.3
(9.6)
59.5
(15.3)
69.0
(20.6)
77.9
(25.5)
87.6
(30.9)
93.2
(34)
90.7
(32.6)
82.8
(28.2)
70.3
(21.3)
56.3
(13.5)
45.3
(7.4)
68.9
(20.5)
Average low °F (°C) 14.4
(−9.8)
18.4
(−7.6)
27.0
(−2.8)
36.4
(2.4)
47.4
(8.6)
57.1
(13.9)
62.5
(16.9)
61.0
(16.1)
51.4
(10.8)
36.5
(2.5)
24.0
(−4.4)
14.8
(−9.6)
37.6
(3.1)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.43
(10.9)
0.49
(12.4)
0.87
(22.1)
1.32
(33.5)
2.11
(53.6)
2.39
(60.7)
2.35
(59.7)
2.51
(63.8)
1.35
(34.3)
1.01
(25.7)
0.52
(13.2)
0.46
(11.7)
15.82
(401.8)
Snowfall inches (cm) 6.5
(16.5)
5.3
(13.5)
4.8
(12.2)
1.7
(4.3)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.1
(0.3)
1.4
(3.6)
3.3
(8.4)
5.9
(15)
29.1
(73.9)
Source: NOAA[8]

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1890 366
1900 987 169.7%
1910 2,977 201.6%
1920 2,512 −15.6%
1930 4,233 68.5%
1940 4,445 5.0%
1950 6,829 53.6%
1960 7,369 7.9%
1970 7,797 5.8%
1980 7,713 −1.1%
1990 8,343 8.2%
2000 8,869 6.3%
2010 7,804 −12.0%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 8,869 people, 3,324 households, and 2,247 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,095.8 people per square mile (809.5/km²). There were 3,656 housing units at an average density of 863.9/sq mi (333.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 76.24% White, 0.38% African American, 1.48% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 18.81% from other races, and 2.57% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 36.54% of the population.

There were 3,324 households out of which 36.0% had children living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.4% were non-families. 28.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.18.

In the city the population was spread out with 29.1% under the age of 18, 12.1% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 19.5% from 45 to 64, and 13.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 98.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,660, and the median income for a family was $32,560. Males had a median income of $24,145 versus $20,133 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,900. About 14.4% of families and 19.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.5% of those under age 18 and 12.2% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

Lamar is part of School District RE-2.[10][11]

Higher education[edit]

Lamar is home to Lamar Community College, founded in 1937.[12]

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

Lamar receives intercity passenger rail service via Amtrak's Southwest Chief, which runs between Chicago and Los Angeles, stopping twice each day, once in each direction. See Lamar (Amtrak station).

Highways[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Active Colorado Municipalities". State of Colorado, Department of Local Affairs. Retrieved 2007-09-01. 
  2. ^ "Colorado Municipal Incorporations". State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. 2004-12-01. Retrieved 2007-09-02. 
  3. ^ "2009 - 2011 City Elected Officials". City of Lamar. Retrieved 2011-11-25. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "ZIP Code Lookup" (JavaScript/HTML). United States Postal Service. Retrieved November 13, 2007. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ Pierre Auger Observatory - Northern Auger Site
  8. ^ "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 4, 2013. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ Lamar School District
  11. ^ "Lamar School District RE-2". Retrieved 10 January 2014. 
  12. ^ "About LCC". Retrieved 10 January 2014. 
  13. ^ Former Autovon Switching Centers.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]