Lamar Buffalo Ranch

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Lamar Buffalo Ranch
Lamar Buffalo Ranch in landscape.jpg
Lamar Buffalo Ranch is located in Wyoming
Lamar Buffalo Ranch
Nearest city Mammoth Hot Springs, Wyoming
Coordinates 44°53′32″N 110°14′23″W / 44.89222°N 110.23972°W / 44.89222; -110.23972Coordinates: 44°53′32″N 110°14′23″W / 44.89222°N 110.23972°W / 44.89222; -110.23972
Built 1907
Architect National Park Service
Architectural style No Style Listed
Governing body National Park Service
MPS Yellowstone National Park MPS
NRHP Reference # 82001835
Added to NRHP December 7, 1982[1]

The Lamar Buffalo Ranch was created to preserve one of the last free-roaming bison (buffalo) herds in the United States. The ranch was established in 1907 when 28 bison were moved from Fort Yellowstone to the Lamar Valley in the northeast portion of the park.[2] The herd was maintained as a semi-domesticated source of additional bison the enhance the park's natural herd. The ranch supported bison ranching into the 1950s. As the ranched herd increased in size, it was released to the open range and it interbred with the wild herd. The ranch continued to be used to produce hay to feed the bison in the winter until the 1950s. Because the winter feeding program maintained the herd at artificially high levels and distorted the herd's distribution in the park, it fell from favor as the National Park Service adopted wildlife management policies that interfered as little as possible with each species' natural ecology.

The historic district comprises five buildings built between 1915 and the 1930s. The historic district includes the ranger station, built in 1915, the bunkhouse, built in 1929, a residence which was moved from Soda Butte in 1938, a 1927 barn and a corral The bunkhouse, its interior remodeled, is used by the Yellowstone Association, which conducts classes and seminars there.

Lamar Buffalo Ranch buildings
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

See also[edit]

Yellowstone Park bison herd

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15. 
  2. ^ "Lamar Buffalo Ranch". National Register of Historic Places. Wyoming State Preservation Office. 2008-10-24. 

External links[edit]