Lamar Hunt U.S. Open Cup

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Lamar Hunt U.S. Open Cup
LHUSOpenCupLogo.png
Founded 1914; 100 years ago (1914)
Region United States (CONCACAF)
Number of teams 68
Current champions D.C. United
(3rd title)
Most successful club(s) Bethlehem Steel &
Maccabi Los Angeles
(5 titles each)
Website Lamar Hunt U.S. Open Cup
2014 U.S. Open Cup

The Lamar Hunt U.S. Open Cup is a knockout tournament in American soccer. It is the oldest ongoing national soccer competition in the U.S. and the world's third-longest-running open soccer tournament.[1] It is open to all United States Soccer Federation affiliated teams, from amateur adult club teams to the professional clubs of Major League Soccer.

The Open Cup was first held in 1913–14, when it was called the National Challenge Cup.

The defending Open Cup champions are D.C. United, who beat the Real Salt Lake 1–0 in the 2013 final. It was D.C. United's first title since 2008.

The overall champion earn a total of $250,000 (up from $100,000 in recent years) in prize money. The tournament runner-up receive $60,000 (up from $50,000) and the team that advances the furthest from each lower division will win $15,000 (up from $10,000).[2]

History[edit]

The Sir Thomas Dewar Cup

The competition dates back to 1913-14, when it was known as the National Challenge Cup. In 1999, U.S. Soccer honored one of American soccer's most important patrons, Lamar Hunt, by changing the official title of the tournament to the Lamar Hunt U.S. Open Cup. The winners of the tournament were awarded the Dewar Cup, donated by Sir Thomas Dewar for the promotion of soccer in America in 1912, until it was retired due to poor condition in 1979. It was brought back into use by the United States Adult Soccer Association in 1997, but is now back on permanent display at the National Soccer Hall of Fame in Oneonta, New York, and the recent winners of the tournament have been awarded a new, different trophy. Despite this, the name of each winning club is still added to the base of the original Dewar Cup.

Trophy awarded to the Rochester Rhinos in 1999

The National Challenge Cup was the first truly national cup competition in the United States, as previous cups had been effectively relegated to regional status by the difficulties in coordination and travel caused by the size of the United States in the early 1900s. While U.S. Soccer had initially administered the competition, in 1985 they handed over management to the USASA. In 1995, U.S. Soccer resumed its administration of the competition.[3]

Maccabi Los Angeles of California and Bethlehem Steel of Pennsylvania have both won the cup a record five times, while Greek American AA of New York and Seattle Sounders FC are tied for the record for most consecutive cup victories at three. Most of these records are likely to fall over time, now that Major League Soccer offers a fully professional league, and its teams typically dominate the competition. The old NASL did not participate in the Open Cup.

Since MLS' debut in 1996, MLS clubs have won the cup in all but one of those years. The Rochester Rhinos of the 2nd division A-League were surprise winners in 1999, defeating four MLS clubs, including the Colorado Rapids 2–0 in the championship match. The first professional team to win in the modern era were the Richmond Kickers of the USISL (the predecessor to the A-League, USL First Division, and USL Pro) in 1995, one year before the start of MLS. D.C. United were the first MLS team to win in 1996.

Qualifying[edit]

Through the 2011 edition, eight teams from each level of the American Soccer Pyramid took part in the competition proper, with each league narrowing its delegation separately in the spring before the competition officially began in the summer. In some cases, additional teams played in qualifying rounds to gain entry. One example was found with MLS clubs, as only the top six from the previous regular season received automatic bids, while the bottom U.S.-based MLS teams faced each other to qualify for the remaining two MLS slots.

Beginning in 2012, the competition was expanded from its previous 40 teams to 64, with the qualifying process radically changed. The National Premier Soccer League received six places, plus the possibility of a seventh in a playoff against a team from the amateur US Club Soccer setup. Nine clubs from the USASA earned places, as did 16 USL Premier Development League teams. Each of these organizations has its own qualifying process to determine its entrants. These 32 teams competed in the first round of the Cup, with the winners meeting all 16 USL Pro and NASL teams in the second round. The 16 U.S.-based MLS teams entered in the third round.

In 2013 the competition was expanded to 68 teams. All U.S. based Division I, II and III teams will participate in the tournament proper: 16 from Major League Soccer, six from the North American Soccer League and 12 from USL PRO. The remaining 34 spots in the tournament field will be filled by amateur teams from the Adult Council category. There will be 16 from the Premier Development League, eight from U.S. Adult Soccer Association regional qualifying, eight from the National Premier Soccer League, one from US Club Soccer and one from the United States Specialty Sports Association.

The process for determining the site for the Open Cup tournament semifinals and final was changed in 2013. In past years, the sites for the final three matches of the tournament had been determined through a sealed-bid process, but this year the hosts of those games will be determined by a coin flip. Home teams throughout the entire tournament will be determined by random selection.[2]

Since 2008, the champion of the U.S. Open Cup has earned the right to play in the CONCACAF Champions League.[4] The first team to represent the U.S. as Open Cup champion was 2007's winner, the New England Revolution.

Criticism[edit]

Recently, the U.S. Open Cup has been the subject of criticism[weasel words] over its procedure of sealed bids to award home matches,[5][clarification needed] which has resulted in DC United hosting 11 straight matches including two finals from 2008–2010, and Seattle Sounders FC hosting 11 of 14 matches in its three championship seasons from 2009–2011.

Champions[edit]

Champions by number of titles[edit]

Titles Teams
5 Bethlehem Steel, Maccabi Los Angeles
4 Chicago Fire, Fall River Marksmen, Greek American AA, Philadelphia Ukrainians
3 D.C. United, New York Pancyprian-Freedoms, Seattle Sounders FC, Stix, Baer and Fuller F.C.
2 Brooklyn Hispano, Brooklyn Italians, Elizabeth S.C., Greek-American A.C., Harmarville Hurricanes, Los Angeles Galaxy, Los Angeles Kickers, New York Americans, Sporting Kansas City, St. Louis Kutis, St. Louis Simpkins-Ford, Sparta
1 Baltimore, Ben Millers, Brookhattan, Brooklyn Field Club, Brooklyn St. Mary's Celtic, Chicago Viking, Columbus Crew, FC Dallas, Eagles, Eintracht, España, Falcons, Fall River Rovers, Gallatin, German Hungarian S.C., Krete, Hota, McIlvaine Canvasbacks, C.D. Mexico, Morgan-Strasser, New Bedford Whalers, New England Revolution, New York Hakoah, New York Hungaria, New York Nationals, New York Ukrainians, Paterson F.C., Pawtucket, Ponta Delgada, Richmond Kickers, Robins Dry Dock, Rochester Rhinos, St. Louis Busch Seniors, Uhrik Truckers, San Francisco I.A.C., San Jose Oaks, St. Louis Scullin Steel, St. Petersburg Kickers,Shawsheen Indians

Champions by State[edit]

State Titles Teams
New York
26
Greek American AA (4), New York Pancyprian-Freedoms (3), Brooklyn Hispano (2), Brooklyn Italians (2), New York Americans (2), Brookhattan, Brooklyn Field Club, Brooklyn St. Mary's Celtic, Eintracht, German Hungarian S.C., Krete, Hota, New York Hakoah, New York Hungaria, New York Nationals, New York Ukrainians, Robins Dry Dock, Rochester Rhinos
California
15
Maccabi Los Angeles (5), Greek-American A.C. (2), Los Angeles Galaxy (2), Los Angeles Kickers (2), McIlvaine Canvasbacks, C.D. Mexico, San Francisco I.A.C., San Jose Oaks
Pennsylvania
14
Bethlehem Steel (5), Philadelphia Ukrainians (4), Harmarville Hurricanes (2), Gallatin, Morgan-Strasser, Uhrik Truckers
Missouri
12
Stix, Baer and Fuller (3), St. Louis Kutis (2), St. Louis Simpkins-Ford (2), Ben Millers, St. Louis Busch Seniors, Kansas City Wizards,[N 1] St. Louis Scullin Steel
Illinois
9
Chicago Fire (4), Sparta (2), Chicago Viking, Eagles, Falcons
Massachusetts
9
Fall River Marksmen (4), Fall River Rovers, New Bedford Whalers, New England Revolution, Ponta Delgada, Shawsheen Indians
Washington, D.C.
4
D.C. United (3), España
New Jersey
3
Elizabeth S.C. (2), Paterson F.C.
Washington
3
Seattle Sounders FC (3)
Kansas
1
Sporting Kansas City,[N 1]
Rhode Island
1
Pawtucket
Maryland
1
Baltimore
Ohio
1
Columbus Crew
Texas
1
FC Dallas
Florida
1
St. Petersburg Kickers
Virginia
1
Richmond Kickers
  1. ^ a b The club, now known as Sporting Kansas City, was based in Kansas City, Missouri when it won its first U.S. Open Cup title in 2004. The club did not move to its current home of Kansas City, Kansas until 2007.

MLS Honors[edit]

Rank Team Wins Runners-up Years won Years runner-up
1 Chicago Fire 4 2 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006 2004, 2011
2 D.C. United 3 2 1996, 2008, 2013 1997, 2009
3 Seattle Sounders FC 3 1 2009, 2010, 2011 2012
4 Los Angeles Galaxy 2 2 2001, 2005 2002, 2006
5 Sporting Kansas City 2 0 2004, 2012
6 Columbus Crew 1 2 2002 1998, 2010
FC Dallas 1 2 1997 2005, 2007
8 New England Revolution 1 1 2007 2001
9 Real Salt Lake 0 1 2013
Colorado Rapids 0 1 1999
New York Red Bulls 0 1 2003
Miami Fusion F.C. 0 1 2000

List of finalists[edit]

Year Winner Runner-up Venue
1914
Details
Brooklyn Field Club Brooklyn Celtic Coates Field, Pawtucket, Rhode Island
1915
Details
Bethlehem Steel Brooklyn Celtic Taylor Field, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania
1916
Details
Bethlehem Steel Fall River Rovers Coates Field, Pawtucket, Rhode Island
1917
Details
Fall River Rovers Bethlehem Steel Coates Field, Pawtucket, Rhode Island
1918
Details
Bethlehem Steel Fall River Rovers Federal League Park, Harrison, New Jersey
1919
Details
Bethlehem Steel Paterson F.C. Athletic Field, Fall River, Massachusetts
1920
Details
Ben Millers Fore River Handlan's Park, St. Louis, Missouri
1921
Details
Brooklyn Robins Dry Dock St. Louis Scullin Steel Athletic Park, Fall River, Massachusetts
1922
Details
St. Louis Scullin Steel Todd Shipyards St. Louis, Missouri
1923
Details
Paterson F.C. St. Louis Scullin Steel Federal League Park, Harrison, New Jersey
1924
Details
Fall River Marksmen St. Louis Vesper Buick St. Louis, Missouri
1925
Details
Shawsheen Indians Chicago Canadian Club Mark's Stadium, North Tiverton, Rhode Island
1926
Details
Bethlehem Steel Ben Millers Ebbets Field, Brooklyn, New York
1927
Details
Fall River Marksmen Holley Carburetor University of Detroit Stadium, Detroit, Michigan
1928
Details
New York Nationals Bricklayers and Masons Game 1: Polo Grounds, New York, New York
Game 2: Soldier Field, Chicago, Illinois
1929
Details
New York Hakoah St. Louis Madison Kennel Game 1: Sportsman's Park, St. Louis, Missouri
Game 2: Dexter Park, Woodhaven, New York
1930
Details
Fall River Marksmen Cleveland Bruell Insurance Game 1: Polo Grounds, New York, New York
Game 2: Luna Bowl, Cleveland, Ohio
1931
Details
Fall River Marksmen Bricklayers and Masons Game 1: Polo Grounds, New York, New York
Game 2: Mills Stadium, Chicago, Illinois
Game 3: Sparta Field, Chicago, Illinois
1932
Details
New Bedford Whalers Stix, Baer and Fuller Games 1 and 2: Sportsman's Park, St. Louis, Missouri
1933
Details
Stix, Baer and Fuller New York Americans Game 1: Sportsman's Park, St. Louis, Missouri
Game 2: Starlight Park, Bronx, New York
1934
Details
Stix, Baer and Fuller Pawtucket Rangers Games 1 and 3: Walsh Memorial Stadium, St. Louis, Missouri
Game 2: Coates Field, Pawtucket, Rhode Island
1935
Details
St. Louis Central Breweries Pawtucket Rangers Game 1: Walsh Memorial Stadium, St. Louis, Missouri
Game 2: Coates Field, Pawtucket, Rhode Island
Game 3: Newark School Stadium, Newark, New Jersey
1936
Details
Uhrik Truckers St. Louis Shamrocks Game 1: Walsh Memorial Stadium, St. Louis, Missouri
Game 2: Rifle Club Grounds, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
1937
Details
New York Americans St. Louis Shamrocks Game 1: Public Schools Stadium, St. Louis, Missouri
Game 2: Starlight Park, Bronx, New York
1938
Details
Chicago Sparta Brooklyn St. Mary's Celtic Game 1: Sparta Stadium, Chicago, Illinois
Game 2: Starlight Park, Bronx, New York
1939
Details
Brooklyn St. Mary's Celtic Chicago Manhattan Beer Game 1: Sparta Stadium, Chicago, Illinois
Game 2: Starlight Park, Bronx, New York
1940
Details
Baltimore and Chicago Sparta played to a 2-2 draw.
1941
Details
Pawtucket Detroit Chrysler
1942
Details
Gallatin Pawtucket
1943
Details
Brooklyn Hispano Morgan-Strasser
1944
Details
Brooklyn Hispano Morgan-Strasser
1945
Details
Brookhattan Cleveland Americans
1946
Details
Chicago Viking Ponta Delgada
1947
Details
Ponta Delgada Chicago Sparta
1948
Details
St. Louis Simpkins-Ford Brookhattan
1949
Details
Morgan-Strasser Philadelphia Nationals
1950
Details
St. Louis Simpkins-Ford Ponta Delgada
1951
Details
German Hungarian S.C. Pittsburgh Heidelberg
1952
Details
Harmarville Hurricanes Philadelphia Nationals
1953
Details
Falcons Harmarville Hurricanes
1954
Details
New York Americans St. Louis Kutis
1955
Details
Eintracht Los Angeles Danish Americans
1956
Details
Harmarville Hurricanes Chicago Schwaben
1957
Details
St. Louis Kutis New York Hakoah
1958
Details
Los Angeles Kickers Baltimore Pompei
1959
Details
McIlvane Canvasbacks Fall River
1960
Details
Philadelphia Ukrainians Los Angeles Kickers
1961
Details
Philadelphia Ukrainians Los Angeles Scots
1962
Details
New York Hungaria San Francisco Scots
1963
Details
Philadelphia Ukrainians Los Angeles Armenian
1964
Details
Los Angeles Kickers Philadelphia Ukrainians
1965
Details
New York Ukrainians Chicago Hansa
1966
Details
Philadelphia Ukrainians Orange County F.C.
1967
Details
Greek American AA Orange County
1968
Details
Greek American AA Chicago Olympic
1969
Details
Greek American AA Montabello Armenians
1970
Details
Elizabeth S.C. Los Angeles Croatia
1971
Details
New York Hota San Pedro Yugoslavs
1972
Details
Elizabeth S.C. San Pedro Yugoslavs
1973
Details
Maccabi Los Angeles Cleveland Inter
1974
Details
Greek American AA Chicago Croatian
1975
Details
Maccabi Los Angeles New York Inter-Giuliana
1976
Details
San Francisco I.A.C. New York Inter-Giuliana
1977
Details
Maccabi Los Angeles Philadelphia United German-Hungarians
1978
Details
Maccabi Los Angeles Bridgeport Vasco da Gama
1979
Details
Brooklyn Dodgers S.C. Chicago Croatian
1980
Details
New York Pancyprian-Freedoms Maccabi Los Angeles
1981
Details
Maccabi Los Angeles Brooklyn Dodgers S.C.
1982
Details
New York Pancyprian-Freedoms Maccabi Los Angeles
1983
Details
New York Pancyprian-Freedoms St. Louis Kutis
1984
Details
A.O. Krete Chicago Croatian
1985
Details
Greek-American A.C. St. Louis Kutis
1986
Details
St. Louis Kutis San Pedro Yugoslavs
1987
Details
Club España Seattle Mitre Eagles
1988
Details
St. Louis Busch Seniors Greek-American A.C. St. Louis Soccer Park, Fenton, Missouri
1989
Details
St. Petersburg Kickers Greek American AA St. Louis Soccer Park, Fenton, Missouri
1990
Details
A.A.C. Eagles Brooklyn Italians Kuntz Stadium, Indianapolis, Indiana
1991
Details
Brooklyn Italians Richardson Rockets Brooklyn College, Brooklyn, New York
1992
Details
San Jose Oaks Bridgeport Vasco da Gama Kuntz Stadium, Indianapolis, Indiana
1993
Details
San Francisco C.D. Mexico Philadelphia United German-Hungarians Kuntz Stadium, Indianapolis, Indiana
1994
Details
Greek-American A.C. Bavarian Leinenkugel UGH Field, Oakford, Pennsylvania
1995
Details
Richmond Kickers El Paso Patriots Socorro ISD Stadium, El Paso, Texas
1996
Details
D.C. United Rochester Raging Rhinos RFK Stadium, Washington, D.C.
1997
Details
Dallas Burn D.C. United Carroll Stadium at IUPUI, Indianapolis, Indiana
1998
Details
Chicago Fire Columbus Crew Soldier Field, Chicago, Illinois
1999
Details
Rochester Raging Rhinos Colorado Rapids Columbus Crew Stadium, Columbus, Ohio
2000
Details
Chicago Fire Miami Fusion F.C. Soldier Field, Chicago, Illinois
2001
Details
Los Angeles Galaxy New England Revolution Titan Stadium, Fullerton, California
2002
Details
Columbus Crew Los Angeles Galaxy Columbus Crew Stadium, Columbus, Ohio
2003
Details
Chicago Fire MetroStars Giants Stadium, East Rutherford, New Jersey
2004
Details
Kansas City Wizards Chicago Fire Arrowhead Stadium, Kansas City, Missouri
2005
Details
Los Angeles Galaxy FC Dallas The Home Depot Center, Carson, California
2006
Details
Chicago Fire Los Angeles Galaxy Toyota Park, Bridgeview, Illinois
2007
Details
New England Revolution FC Dallas Pizza Hut Park, Frisco, Texas
2008
Details
D.C. United Charleston Battery RFK Stadium, Washington, D.C.
2009
Details
Seattle Sounders FC D.C. United RFK Stadium, Washington, D.C.
2010
Details
Seattle Sounders FC Columbus Crew Qwest Field, Seattle, Washington
2011
Details
Seattle Sounders FC Chicago Fire CenturyLink Field, Seattle, Washington
2012
Details
Sporting Kansas City Seattle Sounders FC Livestrong Sporting Park, Kansas City, Kansas
2013
Details
D.C. United Real Salt Lake Rio Tinto Stadium, Sandy, Utah

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The US Open Cup: A quiet century of soccer history". October 1, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "100th Edition of Lamar Hunt U.S. Open Cup Includes Increased Number of Teams and Prize Money". U.S. Soccer. Retrieved 2013-10-01. 
  3. ^ "USASA". USASA. Retrieved July 22, 2012. 
  4. ^ "www.usopencup.com". www.usopencup.com. Retrieved July 22, 2012. 
  5. ^ Brian Straus (October 5, 2011). "U.S. Open Cup could be revamped for '12 - SOCCER - Sporting News". Aol.sportingnews.com. Retrieved July 22, 2012. 

External links[edit]