23 September 1910|
|Died||12 March 1990
Calculus of variation
|Institutions||Istituto Nazionale per le Applicazioni del Calcolo
Università di Pisa
Università di Bologna
University of Michigan
|Alma mater||Scuola Normale Superiore|
|Doctoral advisor||Leonida Tonelli|
|Other academic advisors||Constantin Carathéodory
|Doctoral students||Jack Kenneth Hale|
|Known for||Functions of bounded variation
Nonlinear functional analysis
Theory of surface area
Lamberto Cesari (23 September 1910 – 12 March 1990) was an Italian mathematician naturalized in the United States, known for his work on the theory of surface area, the theory of functions of bounded variation, the theory of optimal control and on the stability theory of dynamical systems: in particular, by extending the concept of Tonelli plane variation, he succeeded in introducing the class of functions of bounded variation of several variables in its full generality.
In 1933, he was awarded his laurea degree at the Scuola Normale Superiore in Pisa under the direction of Leonida Tonelli. After a period of study from 1934 to 1935 in Germany at Monaco di Baviera under the direction of Constantin Carathéodory, he went back to Pisa at the Scuola Normale Superiore for a year, and then to Rome at the Istituto Nazionale per le Applicazioni del Calcolo, at the time directed by Mauro Picone.
In 1948 he went to the United States as a visiting professor at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, at Purdue University in Lafayette, at the University of California - Berkeley and at the University of Wisconsin–Madison.
In 1960 he was appointed as a professor of mathematical analysis at the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor where he remained until his retirement in 1981. In 1976 he became a citizen of the United States, while keeping close scientific contacts with the Italian mathematical community.
The Lamberto Cesari chair
He is remembered for his achievements on the Plateau's problem, on the theory of parametric minimal surfaces, on Lebesgue measure of continuous and related other variational problems: he also worked in the field of optimal control and studied periodic solutions of systems of nonlinear ordinary differential equations by using methods of nonlinear functional analysis. In the paper (Cesari 1936) he introduced a generalization of functions of bounded variation to the multi-dimensional setting, now acknowledged as the most versatile of such generaizations. He wrote about 250 scientific works on topics such as non linear functional analysis, measure theory, optimal control: his published works include the fundamental monographs (Cesari 1956), (Cesari 1971) and (Cesari 1983).
- Cesari, Lamberto (1956), Surface Area, Annals of Mathematics Studies 35, Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, pp. x+595, ISBN 0-691-09585-X, MR 0074500, Zbl 0073.04101. His work summarizing the theory of surface area, including his own contributions.
- Cesari, Lamberto (1971), Asymptotic behavior and stability problems in ordinary differential equations, Ergebnisse Der Mathematik Und Ihrer Grenzgebiete 16 (3rd ed.), Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer-Verlag, pp. ix+271, ISBN 0-387-05435-9, MR 0350089, Zbl 0082.07602
- Cesari, Lamberto (1983), Optimization-Theory and Applications. Problems with ordinary differential equations, Applications of Mathematics 17, Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer-Verlag, pp. xiv+542, ISBN 0-387-90676-2, MR 0688142, Zbl 0506.49001.
- Cesari, Lamberto (1936), "Sulle funzioni a variazione limitata", Annali della Scuola Normale Superiore, Serie II, (in Italian) 5 (3–4): 299–313, MR 1556778, Zbl 0014.29605. Available at Numdam. His paper "On the functions of bounded variation", where he extends the now called Tonelli plane variation concept to include in the definition a subclass of the class of integrable functions.
- Cesari, Lamberto (1986), "L'opera di Leonida Tonelli e la sua influenza nel pensiero scientifico del secolo", in Montalenti, G.; Amerio, L.; et al, Convegno celebrativo del centenario della nascita di Mauro Picone e Leonida Tonelli (6–9 maggio 1985), Atti dei Convegni Lincei (in Italian) 77, Roma: Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, pp. 41–73. Some recollections about teachers and colleagues and a detailed survey of his and theirs work, presented at the International congress in occasion of the celebration of the centenary of birth of Mauro Picone and Leonida Tonelli (held in Rome on May 6–9, 1985): an English translation of the title of the conference is:-The work of Leonida Tonelli and his influence on scientific thinking in this century.
- Graffi, Dario (1984), "On the Contribution s of Lamberto Cesari to Applied Mathematics", in Vinti, C., Nonlinear Analysis and Optimization. Proceedings of the International Conference held in Bologna, Italy, May 37, 1982, Lecture Notes in Mathematics 1107, Berlin–Heidelberg–New York–Tokyo: Springer Verlag, pp. 1–18, doi:10.1007/BFb0101490, ISBN 0-387-13903-6, MR 0778578, ISBN 3-540-13903-6, ISBN 978-3-540-13903-4. A survey of the work of Lamberto Cesari in applied mathematics.
- Vinti, C., ed. (1984), Nonlinear Analysis and Optimization. Proceedings of the International Conference held in Bologna, Italy, May 37, 1982, Lecture Notes in Mathematics 1107, Berlin–Heidelberg–New York–Tokyo: Springer Verlag, pp. V+214, ISBN 0-387-13903-6, MR 0778577, Zbl 0547.00030, ISBN 3-540-13903-6, ISBN 978-3-540-13903-4. The proceedings of an international conference held to celebrate Lamberto Cesari's 70th birthday.
- PRISTEM bibliography (in Italian).
- Lamberto Cesari at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
- The Centro Studi Interfacoltà Lamberto Cesari at the University of Perugia, and a biography of Lamberto Cesari (in Italian).