Lamberto Dini

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Senatore
Lamberto Dini
Lamberto dini.jpg
51st Prime Minister of Italy
In office
17 January 1995 – 17 May 1996
President Oscar Luigi Scalfaro
Preceded by Silvio Berlusconi
Succeeded by Romano Prodi
Italian Minister of Justice
In office
19 October 1995 – 16 February 1996
Prime Minister Himself
Preceded by Filippo Mancuso
Succeeded by Vincenzo Caianiello
Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
17 May 1996 – 6 June 2001
Prime Minister Romano Prodi
Massimo D'Alema
Giuliano Amato
Preceded by Susanna Agnelli
Succeeded by Giuliano Amato
Member of the Italian Senate
In office
30 May 2001 – 15 March 2013
Constituency Toscana
Personal details
Born (1931-03-01) 1 March 1931 (age 83)
Florence, Italy
Nationality Italian
Political party Italian Renewal
(1996-2002)
Democracy is Freedom
(2002-2007)
Liberal Democrats
(2007-2009)
The People of Freedom
(2009-2013)
Spouse(s) Donatella Pasquali Zingone
Residence Rome, Italy
Alma mater University of Florence
University of Michigan
Profession Politician
Economist
Religion Roman Catholic

About this sound Lamberto Dini  (born 1 March 1931) is an Italian politician and economist. He was the 51st Prime Minister of Italy from 1995 to 1996 and Foreign Minister from 1996 to 2001.

Early life and career[edit]

After studying Economics in his native city of Florence, Dini took up a post at the International Monetary Fund in 1959, where he worked his way up until he served as Executive Director for Italy, Greece, Portugal and Malta between 1976 and 1979. Then, in October 1979, he moved to the Banca d'Italia, where he served as executive until May 1994. When the Governor of the Bank of Italy, Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, with whom Dini had developed a rivalry, was called upon to serve as Premier, in April, 1993, Dini was widely tipped to succeed him, but was passed over (allegedly on Ciampi's instigation) in favour of Antonio Fazio.

Dini scored a comeback, though, when Silvio Berlusconi formed the Berlusconi I Cabinet in May 1994, in which Dini served as Treasury Minister.[1] Due to a split between Berlusconi and his coalition partner Umberto Bossi, the Lega Nord leader, Berlusconi's government collapsed in December 1994, after a mere seven months in power. In January 1995, Dini was appointed Prime Minister by the then President Oscar Luigi Scalfaro.[2] Dini also took the portfolio for treasury in the cabinet and was a non-elected prime minister and minister.[1] Though he was not noted as a left-winger, he was given the confidence vote of the left-wing parties (apart from the Communist Refoundation) and by Lega Nord, whereas his erstwhile partners in the right-wing government chose to abstain whilst citing benevolence. His cabinet was a technocratic one.[3]

The Olive Tree[edit]

In April, 1996, a general election was called, in which Berlusconi's House of Freedoms coalition, minus the Lega Nord, was pitted against that of Romano Prodi, The Olive Tree. Relations between Dini and Berlusconi had seriously soured by then, and Dini chose to join The Olive Tree with his own centrist party, Italian Renewal. Dini was elected to the Italian Chamber of Deputies, and served for the entire term as Minister of Foreign Affairs in four successive centre-left governments, under Prodi, Massimo D'Alema in two separate, successive cabinets, and finally Giuliano Amato.

His party has merged into Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy, a larger party formed out of several centrist parties belonging to the centre-left coalition. The May 2001 the general election was won by Berlusconi and his allies (including, once again, Lega Nord), which led to Berlusconi forming his second government in June. Dini was elected to the Italian Senate, and, in this capacity, served as a delegate to the Convention in charge of drafting the European Constitution (February 2002-July 2003).

The People of Freedom[edit]

In September 2007, a month before Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy merged with the Democrats of the Left to form the new big tent centre-left Democratic Party, Dini broke away from The Daisy to form the Liberal Democrats, a new incarnation of Italian Renewal.

As protagonist of the defeat of the government of Prime Minister Romano Prodi in a January 2008 Senate vote, in view of the 2008 Italian general election Dini joined The People of Freedom, the newly created Italian liberal-conservative party led by Silvio Berlusconi.

Honours[edit]

On 29 April 2009, the Japanese government announced that it awarded Dini the Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun; the honour was presented to him by the Emperor and the Japanese Prime Minister in a formal ceremony in May 2009.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Maria Green Cowles (2001). Transforming Europe: Europeanization and Domestic Change. Cornell University Press. p. 79. ISBN 978-0-8014-8671-5. Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  2. ^ Bohlen, Celestine (14 January 1995). "Italy Names Banker With No Party Ties New Prime Minister". The New York Times. p. 1. 
  3. ^ Barry, Colleen (13 December 2012). "Europe shrugs at Berlusconi's political ambitions". Huffington Post. Retrieved 22 December 2012. 
  4. ^ Japan Today
Political offices
Preceded by
Silvio Berlusconi
President of the Council of Ministers of Italy
1995–1996
Succeeded by
Romano Prodi
Preceded by
Filippo Mancuso
Italian Minister of Justice
1995–1996
Succeeded by
Vincenzo Caianiello
Preceded by
Susanna Agnelli
Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs
1996–2001
Succeeded by
Giuliano Amato
Party political offices
Preceded by
New Party
President of Liberal Democrats
2007–2009
Succeeded by