Lambeth (UK Parliament constituency)

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Lambeth
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
County Greater London
18321885
Number of members Two
Replaced by Brixton, Camberwell North, Dulwich, Kennington, Lambeth North, Newington West, Norwood and Peckham, Newington Walworth
Created from Surrey

Lambeth was a parliamentary constituency centred on the Lambeth district now part of south London. It returned two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the bloc vote system.

History[edit]

Lambeth in the Metropolitan area, showing boundaries used from 1868 to 1885.

The constituency was created under the Great Reform Act for the 1832 general election, and abolished by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 for the 1885 general election.

It was divided into eight single member constituencies of Camberwell North, Camberwell Peckham, Lambeth Brixton, Lambeth Kennington, Lambeth North, Lambeth Norwood, Newington Walworth and Newington West.[1]

Boundaries[edit]

Under the original proposals for the constituency it would have consisted of a large area of south east London comprising the parishes of Bermondsey, Rotherhithe, Newington, Lambeth and Camberwell. The commissioners appointed to fix parliamentary boundaries attempted to equalise each of the new "metropolitan" constituencies of London in terms of the number of voters and of population. For this reason Bermondsey and Rotherhithe were assigned to the neighbouring constituency of Southwark. It was also decided not to include the entirety of the parishes of Camberwell and Lambeth: both were very large parishes running five or six miles south from the Thames. The portions closest to the river were heavily built up, but the southern sections were still rural. Peckham and part of Brixton were therefore excluded from the constituency, instead forming part of the Eastern Division of the parliamentary county of Surrey.[2]

The boundaries of the parliamentary borough were detailed in the schedules of the Parliamentary Boundaries Act 1832, and consisted of:

The constituency was unchanged when parliamentary seats were next redistributed under the Reform Act 1867.[1]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election 1st Member 1st Party 2nd Member 2nd Party
1832 Charles Tennyson d'Eyncourt Radical Benjamin Hawes Whig
1847 Charles Pearson Liberal Party
1850 by-election William Williams Liberal Party
1852 William Arthur Wilkinson Liberal Party
1857 William Roupell[4] Liberal Party
1862 by-election Frederick Doulton[5] Liberal
1865 by-election James Clarke Lawrence Liberal
1865 Thomas Hughes Liberal
1868 Sir James Clarke Lawrence Liberal Sir William McArthur Liberal
1885 constituency abolished: see Brixton, Camberwell North, Dulwich, Kennington, Lambeth North, Newington West, Norwood and Peckham, Newington Walworth

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1830s[edit]

General Election 1832: Lambeth (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Radical Charles Tennyson d'Eyncourt 2,716 46.4 N/A
Whig Benjamin Hawes 2,166 37.0 N/A
Whig Daniel Wakefield 819 14.0 N/A
Whig John Moore 155 2.7 N/A
General Election 1835: Lambeth (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Radical Charles Tennyson d'Eyncourt 2,008 40.7 -5.7
Whig Benjamin Hawes 1,995 40.4 +3.4
Conservative Charles Farebrother 931 18.9 N/A
General Election 1837: Lambeth (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Benjamin Hawes 2,934 39.8 -0.6
Radical Charles Tennyson d'Eyncourt 2,811 38.1 -2.6
Conservative Charles Baldwin 1,624 +3.1 22.0

Elections in the 1840s[edit]

General Election 1841: Lambeth (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Benjamin Hawes 2,601 29.1 -10.7
Radical Charles Tennyson d'Eyncourt 2,568 28.8 -9.3
Conservative Charles Baldwin 1,999 +30.4 22.4
Conservative Thomas Cabbell 1,763 N/A N/A
General Election 1847: Lambeth (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Charles Pearson 4,614 39.6 N/A
Liberal Charles Tennyson d'Eyncourt 3,708 31.2 +2.4
Liberal Benjamin Hawes 3,344 28.7 -0.4

Elections in the 1850s[edit]

Lambeth by-election, 1850
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Williams 3,834 68.5 N/A
Liberal Sir Charles Napier 1,182 21.1 N/A
Liberal John Hinde Palmer 585 10.4 N/A
General Election 1852: Lambeth (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Arthur Wilkinson 4,752 37.7 N/A
Liberal William Williams 4,022 31.9 +2.2
Liberal Charles Tennyson d'Eyncourt 3,829 30.4 -0.8
General Election 1857: Lambeth (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Roupell 9,086 46.4 N/A
Liberal William Williams 7,343 37.5 +5.6
Liberal William Arthur Wilkinson 3,156 16.1 +21.6
General Election 1859: Lambeth (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Roupell Unopposed N/A N/A
Liberal William Williams Unopposed N/A N/A

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

Lambeth by-election, 1862
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Frederick Doulton 5,124 82.3 N/A
Conservative William Campbell Sleigh 754 12.1 N/A
Liberal William Arthur Wilkinson 347 5.6 N/A
Lambeth by-election, 1865
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal James Clarke Lawrence Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 1865: Lambeth (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Thomas Hughes 6,373 35.6 N/A
Liberal Frederick Doulton 6,280 35.1 N/A
Liberal James Clarke Lawrence 4,743 26.5 N/A
Conservative James Haig 514 2.9 N/A
General Election 1868: Lambeth (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal James Clarke Lawrence 15,051 41.1 + 14.6
Liberal William McArthur 14,553 39.7 N/A
Conservative John Morgan Howard 7,043 19.2 + 16.3

Election in the 1870s[edit]

General Election 1874: Lambeth (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal James Clarke Lawrence 12,175 34.6 -6.4
Liberal William McArthur 11,788 33.5 -6.2
Conservative John Morgan Howard 11,201 31.9 +12.7

Election in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1880: Lambeth (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal James Clarke Lawrence 19,315 35.1 +0.5
Liberal William McArthur 18,983 34.5 +1.0
Conservative John Morgan Howard 16,701 30.4 -1.5

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Electoral areas in the parliamentary boroughs in Surrey". Surrey County Council. Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  2. ^ Commissioners on Proposed Division of Counties and Boundaries of Boroughs (1832). Parliamentary representation: further return to an address to His Majesty, dated 12 December, 1831; for copies of instructions given by the Secretary of State for the Home department with reference to Parliamentary representation; likewise copies of letters of reports received by the Secretary of state for the Home department in answer to such instructions.. London. pp. 125–126. 
  3. ^ "From the Point at which the Road from London to Dulwich by Red Post Hill leaves the Road from London over Herne Hill in a straight Line to Saint Matthews Church at Brixton; thence in a straight Line to a Point in the Boundary between the respective Parishes of Lambeth and Clapham One hundred and fifty Yards South of the Middle of the Carriageway along Acre Lane." The statutes of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Vol.72. London. 1832. p. 360. Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  4. ^ Resigned 4 February 1862 (Harris (2001) p.119)
  5. ^ Elected byelection 5 May 1862 (Harris (2001) p.119)

Bibliography[edit]