Lambeth (UK Parliament constituency)
|Former Borough constituency|
|for the House of Commons|
|Number of members||Two|
|Replaced by||Brixton, Camberwell North, Dulwich, Kennington, Lambeth North, Newington West, Norwood and Peckham, Newington Walworth|
Lambeth was a parliamentary constituency centred on the Lambeth district now part of south London. It returned two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the bloc vote system.
It was divided into eight single member constituencies of Camberwell North, Camberwell Peckham, Lambeth Brixton, Lambeth Kennington, Lambeth North, Lambeth Norwood, Newington Walworth and Newington West.
Under the original proposals for the constituency it would have consisted of a large area of south east London comprising the parishes of Bermondsey, Rotherhithe, Newington, Lambeth and Camberwell. The commissioners appointed to fix parliamentary boundaries attempted to equalise each of the new "metropolitan" constituencies of London in terms of the number of voters and of population. For this reason Bermondsey and Rotherhithe were assigned to the neighbouring constituency of Southwark. It was also decided not to include the entirety of the parishes of Camberwell and Lambeth: both were very large parishes running five or six miles south from the Thames. The portions closest to the river were heavily built up, but the southern sections were still rural. Peckham and part of Brixton were therefore excluded from the constituency, instead forming part of the Eastern Division of the parliamentary county of Surrey.
The boundaries of the parliamentary borough were detailed in the schedules of the Parliamentary Boundaries Act 1832, and consisted of:
- The entire parish of St Mary Newington
- The parish of St Giles Camberwell (except for the Manor and Hamlet of Dulwich)
- The part of the parish of Lambeth north of a line defined in the act.
Members of Parliament
|Election||1st Member||1st Party||2nd Member||2nd Party|
|1832||Charles Tennyson d'Eyncourt||Radical||Benjamin Hawes||Whig|
|1847||Charles Pearson||Liberal Party|
|1850 by-election||William Williams||Liberal Party|
|1852||William Arthur Wilkinson||Liberal Party|
|1857||William Roupell||Liberal Party|
|1862 by-election||Frederick Doulton||Liberal|
|1865 by-election||James Clarke Lawrence||Liberal|
|1868||Sir James Clarke Lawrence||Liberal||Sir William McArthur||Liberal|
|1885||constituency abolished: see Brixton, Camberwell North, Dulwich, Kennington, Lambeth North, Newington West, Norwood and Peckham, Newington Walworth|
Elections in the 1830s
|General Election 1832: Lambeth (2 seats)|
|Radical||Charles Tennyson d'Eyncourt||2,716||46.4||N/A|
|General Election 1835: Lambeth (2 seats)|
|Radical||Charles Tennyson d'Eyncourt||2,008||40.7||-5.7|
|General Election 1837: Lambeth (2 seats)|
|Radical||Charles Tennyson d'Eyncourt||2,811||38.1||-2.6|
Elections in the 1840s
|General Election 1841: Lambeth (2 seats)|
|Radical||Charles Tennyson d'Eyncourt||2,568||28.8||-9.3|
|General Election 1847: Lambeth (2 seats)|
|Liberal||Charles Tennyson d'Eyncourt||3,708||31.2||+2.4|
Elections in the 1850s
|Lambeth by-election, 1850|
|Liberal||Sir Charles Napier||1,182||21.1||N/A|
|Liberal||John Hinde Palmer||585||10.4||N/A|
|General Election 1852: Lambeth (2 seats)|
|Liberal||William Arthur Wilkinson||4,752||37.7||N/A|
|Liberal||Charles Tennyson d'Eyncourt||3,829||30.4||-0.8|
|General Election 1857: Lambeth (2 seats)|
|Liberal||William Arthur Wilkinson||3,156||16.1||+21.6|
|General Election 1859: Lambeth (2 seats)|
Elections in the 1860s
|Lambeth by-election, 1862|
|Conservative||William Campbell Sleigh||754||12.1||N/A|
|Liberal||William Arthur Wilkinson||347||5.6||N/A|
|Lambeth by-election, 1865|
|Liberal||James Clarke Lawrence||Unopposed||N/A||N/A|
|General Election 1865: Lambeth (2 seats)|
|Liberal||James Clarke Lawrence||4,743||26.5||N/A|
|General Election 1868: Lambeth (2 seats)|
|Liberal||James Clarke Lawrence||15,051||41.1||+ 14.6|
|Conservative||John Morgan Howard||7,043||19.2||+ 16.3|
Election in the 1870s
|General Election 1874: Lambeth (2 seats)|
|Liberal||James Clarke Lawrence||12,175||34.6||-6.4|
|Conservative||John Morgan Howard||11,201||31.9||+12.7|
Election in the 1880s
|General Election 1880: Lambeth (2 seats)|
|Liberal||James Clarke Lawrence||19,315||35.1||+0.5|
|Conservative||John Morgan Howard||16,701||30.4||-1.5|
- "Electoral areas in the parliamentary boroughs in Surrey". Surrey County Council. Retrieved 12 August 2012.
- Commissioners on Proposed Division of Counties and Boundaries of Boroughs (1832). Parliamentary representation: further return to an address to His Majesty, dated 12 December, 1831; for copies of instructions given by the Secretary of State for the Home department with reference to Parliamentary representation; likewise copies of letters of reports received by the Secretary of state for the Home department in answer to such instructions. London. pp. 125–126.
- "From the Point at which the Road from London to Dulwich by Red Post Hill leaves the Road from London over Herne Hill in a straight Line to Saint Matthews Church at Brixton; thence in a straight Line to a Point in the Boundary between the respective Parishes of Lambeth and Clapham One hundred and fifty Yards South of the Middle of the Carriageway along Acre Lane." The statutes of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Vol.72. London. 1832. p. 360. Retrieved 12 August 2012.
- Resigned 4 February 1862 (Harris (2001) p.119)
- Elected byelection 5 May 1862 (Harris (2001) p.119)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
- Harris, J. (2001). The Roupells of Lambeth. London: The Streatham Society. ISBN 1-873520-37-9.
- Hill, George (1879). The Electoral History of the Borough of Lambeth since its Enfranchisement in 1832. London: Stanford.