Lamborghini Aventador

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Lamborghini Aventador
Musée Lamborghini 0133.JPG
Overview
Manufacturer Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A
Production February 2011–present
Assembly Sant'Agata Bolognese, Italy
Designer Filippo Perini
Body and chassis
Class Sports car
Body style 2-door coupé
2-door roadster
Layout Mid-engine, all wheel drive
Powertrain
Engine 6.5 L L539 V12
Transmission 7-speed ISR Semi-automatic transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,700 mm (106.30 in)
Length 4,780 mm (188.19 in)
Width 2,030 mm (79.92 in) (w/mirrors: 2,265 mm (89.17 in))[1]
Height 1,136 mm (44.72 in)
Curb weight 1,575 kg (3,472 lb) (dry)
Chronology
Predecessor Lamborghini Murciélago

The Lamborghini Aventador is a mid-engined sports car produced by the Italian manufacturer Automobili Lamborghini.

Launched on 28 February 2011 at the Geneva Motor Show, five months after its initial unveiling in Sant'Agata Bolognese, the vehicle, internally codenamed LB834, was designed to replace the ten-year-old Murciélago as the new flagship model.[2][3][4]

Soon after the Aventador unveiling, Lamborghini announced that it had already sold over 12 months of the production vehicles, with deliveries starting in the second half of 2011.[5]

Background[edit]

The Aventador was designed by Lamborghini Centro Stile under the directorship of Italian designer Filippo Perini.[citation needed] Similar to the earlier limited-edition Lamborghini Reventon, its heavy use of sharp creases and planar surfaces are indicative of Lamborghini's contemporary styling direction which were directly inspired by the aircraft of the United States Military's Stealth Fighter Program,[citation needed] namely the F-117A Nighthawk and the F-22 Raptor.

In keeping with Lamborghini tradition, the Aventador is also named after a fighting bull. Aventador was a bull that fought particularly valiantly in the bull ring of Saragossa, Spain in 1993.[6][7]

Aventador LP 700-4[edit]

Production will be limited to 4,000 units (4,099 Murciélagos were built). The molds used to make the carbon-fibre monocoque are expected to last 500 units each and only 8 have been made. The base price of the Aventador is $393,695.[8]

The car's shape also borrows heavily from Lamborghini's limited-edition Reventón and their Estoque concept car.

The vehicle was unveiled at Lummus Park, Miami, followed by Miami International Airport,[9] followed by Auto China 2014 (with Nazionale configuration via Lamborghini Ad Personam personalization program).[10]

Specifications[edit]

Lamborghini Aventador 6.5 litre 60° V12 engine
Lamborghini Aventador start-up and acceleration

Engine[edit]

The Aventador LP 700–4 uses Lamborghini's new 700 PS (510 kW; 690 bhp) 6.5 litre 60° V12 engine weighing 235 kg. Known internally as the L539,[3] the new engine is Lamborghini's fourth in-house engine and second V12. It is the first all-new V12 since the 3.5 litre powerplant found in the 350GT.[11]

Displacement 6,498 cc (396.5 cu in)
Max. power 700 PS (510 kW; 690 bhp) @ 8,250 rpm
Power to weight 432 PS (318 kW; 426 bhp) per tonne
Max. torque 690 N·m (510 lb·ft) @ 5,500 rpm
CO2 emissions 398 g/km
Combined fuel consumption 17.2 L/100 km (16.4 mpg-imp; 13.7 mpg-US)[12]

Performance[edit]

  • 0–97 km/h (0–60 mph): 2.9 s[13]
  • 400 m (14 mi): 10.6 s @ 220 km/h (137 mph)
  • Top speed: Official: 350 km/h (217 mph),[13][14] measured by Sport Auto magazine: 370 km/h (230 mph)[15]
  • 97–0 km/h (60–0 mph): 30 m (100 ft)[citation needed]

Its transmission, a single-clutch seven-speed semi-automatic, is built by Graziano Trasmissioni.[16][17] Despite being single-clutch, gear-shifts are accomplished in 50 milliseconds.

The new, electronically controlled, all-wheel drive system is developed and supplied by the Swedish company Haldex Traction, offering traction[18] and handling capabilities based on their 4th generation technology.[19]

Aventador LP 700-4 Roadster[edit]

The 2013 Aventador LP 700-4 Roadster was announced for production in November 2012, equipped with the same V12 engine as the coupé version, Lamborghini claims again that it can reach 100 km/h (62 mph) in 2.9 seconds and a top speed equaling that of the coupe, at 349 km/h (217 mph).[20]

The removable roof consists of two carbon fiber panels, weighing 6 kg (13 lb) each, which required the reinforcement of the rear pillar to compensate for the loss of structural integrity as well as to accommodate the rollover protection and ventilations systems for the engine. The panels are of easy removal and are stored in the front luggage compartment. The Aventador Roadster has a unique engine cover design and an attachable wind deflector to improve cabin airflow at high speed as well as a gloss black finish in the A-pillars, windshield header, roof panels, and rear window area. The car has a US$441,600 base price. With a total weight of 1,625 kg (3,583 lb) it's only 50 kg (110 lb) heavier than the coupé (the weight of the roof, plus additional stiffening in the sills and A-pillars).[21][22][23]

Special editions[edit]

Aventador J[edit]

Lamborghini Aventador J

Six months after unveiling the Aventador, plans for a roadster version were leaked by the U.S. EPA after it included the model on a data sheet on its website. Lamborghini officially unveiled the Aventador J to the world at the 2012 Geneva Motor Show.[24] The roofless and windowless concept car uses the same V12 engine as the standard Aventador, producing 700 hp through a lightweight seven-speed automated transmission. The car does not have air conditioning or radio to save further weight for a total of 3,472 pounds (1,575 kg).[25][26] The car presented at the Geneva show was the only unit to be produced, and was sold for US$2.8 million. Another Limited Edition model was made for Shaikh Al Yahyaa and was sold at an unknown price. The car was specially made for a close relation.[27]

The J designation was thought to have come from Appendix J in the FIA rulebook that describes the technical specifications of race cars.[28] However, during an interview with designer Filippo Perini, it was revealed that the 'J' actually stands for Jota, in reference to a 1970s one off Lamborghini Miura Jota, which also conformed to the FIA's Appendix J regulations.

Dreamliner Edition (2012)[edit]

It is a version of Aventador LP 700-4 coupe with blue and white body colour scheme from Boeing 787 Dreamliner, pitch-black wheels.

The vehicle was unveiled in 2012 Aerospace & Defense Supplier Summit.[29]

Aventador LP 720-4 50° Anniversario (2013)[edit]

The Aventador LP 720-4 50° Anniversario is a limited (200 units - 100 Coupe and 100 Roadster) version of the Aventador LP 700-4 commemorating the 50th anniversary of Automobili Lamborghini. It included increased engine power to 720 PS (530 kW; 710 bhp) via a new specific engine calibration, enlarged and extended front air intakes and the aerodynamic splitter, small flaps set into the sides, new rear end featuring an enlarged diffuser and expansive meshwork that further improves engine-compartment ventilation, model-exclusive Giallo Maggio (Italian for "yellow May") body colour featuring sparkling yellow paintwork with a layer of transparent and highly reflective particles; front and rear and sills in two-tone (Giallo Maggio and matte black) design, semi-aniline leather interior upholstery in Nero Ade (black) with Terra Emilia (optional Giallo Quercus (yellow)) with Q-Citura stitch diamond pattern, 50th anniversary emblem in forged composite carbon-fiber. The base price of the Aventador LP 720-4 50° is $548,000 which is $106,300 more than the Aventador Roadster.

The coupe was unveiled in 2013 Shanghai Motor Show.[30][31]

The roadster was unveiled in 2013 Quail Motorsports Gathering.[32]

Aventador airport vehicle (2013)[edit]

An Aventador was made for Bologna Airport with white body colour, red and white chequered flag decals on the sides, a light bar on the roof and 'FOLLOW ME' written on the hood.

The vehicle was unveiled in Bologna Airport between 6 May 2013 and 19 May 2013 and was used to guide aircraft around the airport.[33]

Reception[edit]

Unibody construction as used for the Aventador LP700-4

Automotive magazines such as Car and Driver and Motor Trend reviewed the Aventador. Car and Driver titled their article "The best Lamborghini ever." Motor Trend described it as "the friendliest V-12 supercar in the world." Praise for Lamborghini's all-new V-12 powerplant centered on the engine's responsiveness, torque, and smooth power output. Criticism centered mainly around the Aventador's unrefined single-disc clutch.[34][35]

On 31 July 2011, the Aventador was reviewed by the motorsport show Top Gear. Host Richard Hammond was impressed with the performance and handling of the car. His biggest complaint was a nostalgic poke at the Aventador's accessible temperament, implying that it left him longing for the "danger" associated with driving previous Lamborghini supercars.[36] The Aventador posted the fifth fastest time ever recorded on the Top Gear test track with a time of 1:16.5, beating the $2,000,000 Bugatti Veyron Super Sport, the Ferrari Enzo, the Porsche 911 GT3, and other supercars from around the world. In season 18 of the program, cohost Jeremy Clarkson said that the Aventador is better than the Ferrari 458 Italia (which they had previously called the best super car ever), describing it as being "£200,000 worth of dreams."[37] The Aventador won the "Supercar of the Year 2011" from Top Gear.

Marketing[edit]

Robert Gülpen of RGE Robert Gülpen Engineering GmbH produced a 1/8-scale model Aventador LP 700-4 that was sold through an auction December 2011 with starting bid price of US$4.7 million (€3.5 million).[38] A second model, featuring gold wrapping at body, was set to go for sale at auction with a starting bid price of US$7.5 million.[39]

BMC Switzerland produced a limited (50 units) edition of Lamborghini 50th Anniversary Edition impec bicycles inspired by the Lamborghini Aventador. The vehicle was sold for €25,000 (US$32,000) via international BMC or Lamborghini dealer network, with delivery done by the dealer.[40]

Related development[edit]

Veneno[edit]

Lamborghini Veneno
Lamborghini Veneno, Car Zero (profile).jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A
Production 2013-present
Model years 2013-present
Assembly Sant'Agata Bolognese, Italy
Body and chassis
Class Sports car
Body style 2-door coupé
2-door roadster
Layout Mid-engine, all wheel drive
Powertrain
Engine 6.5 L V12
Transmission 7-speed semi-automatic transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,700 mm (106.30 in) (Roadster)
Length 5,020 mm (197.64 in) (Roadster)
Width 2,075 mm (81.69 in) (Roadster)
Height 1,165 mm (45.87 in) (Roadster)
Curb weight 1,490 kg (3,280 lb) (Roadster; dry)

The Lamborghini Veneno is a limited production sports car based on the Lamborghini Aventador and was built to celebrate Lamborghini’s 50th anniversary. The prototype, Car Zero, is finished in grey and includes an Italian flag vinyl on both sides of the car. The engine is a development of the Aventador's 6.5 L V12 and produces 750 PS (552 kW; 740 bhp).[41][42]

Only three production cars were produced, a green, white, and red one, each representing a colour of the Italian flag. Car Zero, which was the vehicle on display,[43] will be retained by the factory for the museum. The three production cars cost €3.12 million each, and all three were sold.[44]

The vehicle number 0 was unveiled in 2013 Geneva Motor Show,[45] followed by 2013 Quail Motorsports Gathering,[45] Vallelunga circuit near Rome during the World Finals of Lamborghini Super Trofeo 2013 series.[46]

Car Zero
3/4 front
 
3/4 rear
 
Rear
 

Veneno Roadster (2014-)[edit]

The Veneno Roadster is a limited (maximum 9 units during 2014) version of the Lamborghini Veneno convertible commemorating the 50th anniversary of Automobili Lamborghini. It has exclusive alloy wheels, Rosso Veneno (red) body colour and 2 bucket seats made in forged composite, woven carbon-fibre carbonSkin interior upholstery. The Veneno Roadster has a top speed of 356 km/h (221 mph) and goes from 0–100 km/h (0–62 mph) in 2.9 seconds.[47]

The vehicle was unveiled on the Italian naval aircraft carrier Nave Cavour docked in Abu Dhabi's Mina Zayed port,[48][49] followed by the 2014 Las Vegas Consumer Electronics Show.[50]

The roadster went on sale for €3.3 million (excluding tax).[51]

Production[edit]

The first 1,000 Aventadors were built in 15 months.[52][53]

As of 7 June 2013, the 2000th Aventador, an Aventador LP 700-4 with Nero Nemesis (black) body colour, was built and destined for the United States owner Thaddeus Arroyo, Chief Information Officer of AT&T.[54]

Year Units Coupé Roadster
2011[55] 447 447
2012[55] 976 (922 deliveries[56]) 958 18
2013[57] 1,113 (1,001 deliveries[56]) 710 403
Total 2,536 2,115 421

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official website for the Lamborghini Aventador". Retrieved 4 March 2011. 
  2. ^ di Andrea Zuanni (17 November 2010). "Lamborghini: tutti i dettagli e i video del nuovo V12 – Tecnica". Motori.it. Retrieved 21 July 2011. 
  3. ^ a b "2012 Lamborghini Aventador LP700-4: In Depth". Autoblog. 28 February 2011. Retrieved 1 March 2011. 
  4. ^ "2012 Lamborghini LP700-4 Aventador". CoverCars. 25 February 2011. Retrieved 25 February 2011. 
  5. ^ "Lamborghini Aventador Sold Out". Insideline.com. 9 March 2011. Retrieved 21 July 2011. 
  6. ^ Markus, Frank (February 2013). "Sant'Agata Bolognese to Zaragoza, the Heming-Way". Motor Trend 65 (2): 106. 
  7. ^ "Toros Notables" (in Spanish). Retrieved 6 July 2013. 
  8. ^ "Lambo set for 4000 Aventadors". autocar.co.uk. 10 March 2011. Retrieved 31 March 2011. 
  9. ^ "Miami Calling" (Press release). Lamborghini. 25 January 2013. Retrieved 13 December 2013. 
  10. ^ "Lamborghini reveals Aventador Nazionale in Beijing" (Press release). autoblog. 20 April 2014. Retrieved 13 December 2013. 
  11. ^ Gritzinger, Bob (30 May 2011). "The Beatification of Lamborghini". AutoWeek 61 (11): 20–23. 
  12. ^ "Technical Specifications". Lamborghini. Retrieved 16 February 2013. 
  13. ^ a b "2012 lamborghini aventador LP700-4". Top Speed. Retrieved 10 December 2012. 
  14. ^ "Lamborghini Aventador LP 700-4: Technische Daten". Lamborghini. Retrieved 3 December 2013. 
  15. ^ "Aventador TOP SPEED 370 km/h & Hockenheim Lap Test sport auto New Lamborghini LP 700-4". YouTube. 14 December 2011. Retrieved 28 September 2012. 
  16. ^ "Lamborghini Aventador’s transmission comes from Italian specialists Oerlikon Graziano". Harry. Retrieved 31 March 2011. 
  17. ^ "Oerlikon Graziano and Vocis Driveline Controls develop step change in transmission technology for new Lamborghini flagship". Oerlikon Graziano. 22 March 2011. Retrieved 31 March 2011. 
  18. ^ "2012 Lamborghini aventador Lp700-4". Top Speed. Retrieved 10 December 2012. 
  19. ^ Lamborghini Automobili. "Aventador LP 700–4 Technical Specification". Retrieved 13 October 2011. 
  20. ^ Sanchez, Edward A. "First Look:2013 Lamborghini Aventador LP 700-4 Roadster". Motor Trend. Retrieved 25 December 2012. 
  21. ^ Hudson, Paul (14 February 2013). "Lamborghini Aventador LP 700-4 Roadster review". Telegraph (UK). Retrieved 20 October 2013. 
  22. ^ Ross, Jeffrey N. (15 November 2012). "Lamborghini Aventador LP 700-4 Roadster priced from $441,600 for US". Autoblog. Retrieved 20 October 2013. 
  23. ^ Neil, Dan (4 April 2013). "2013 Lamborghini Aventador Roadster Review: For the Tall Driver in a Huge Hurry". WSJ.com. Retrieved 20 October 2013. 
  24. ^ "Lamborghini Aventador J unveiled". Caradvice.com.au. 2012. Retrieved 6 March 2012. 
  25. ^ "Lamborghini Aventador J 2012". DieselStation.com. 14 March 2012. Retrieved 14 March 2012. 
  26. ^ "Lamborghini Aventador J at Geneva 2012". Automoblog.net. 7 March 2012. Retrieved 8 March 2012. 
  27. ^ Migliore, Greg (6 March 2012). "Lamborghini Aventador J sells for $2.8 million". Autoweek. Retrieved 16 February 2013. 
  28. ^ Migliore, Greg (5 March 2012). "Aventador J: Lamborghini goes topless at Geneva auto show". Autoweek. Retrieved 16 February 2013. 
  29. ^ "Boeing and Lamborghini Create Aventador Dreamliner Edition". Car Buzz. 14 March 2012. Retrieved 22 April 2013. 
  30. ^ "2014 LP 720-4 Announced". 17 April 2013. Retrieved 17 April 2013. 
  31. ^ Ramsey, Jonathon (20 April 2013). "2013 Lamborghini Aventador LP720-4 50 Anniversario is indeed worth celebrating - Autoblog". Auto Blog. Retrieved 3 December 2013. 
  32. ^ "Lamborghini unveils 50th anniversary Aventador Roadster and Gallardo". Autoblog. 17 August 2013. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  33. ^ Tutu, Andrei (9 May 2013). "Lamborghini Aventador Becomes Bologna Airport Vehicle". autoevolution. Retrieved 31 July 2013. 
  34. ^ Robinson, Aaron (December 2011). "The Best Lamborghini Ever". Car and Driver. Retrieved 16 February 2013. 
  35. ^ Lago, Carlos (30 January 2012). "2012 Lamborghini Aventador LP 700-4 European Spec First Test". Motor Trend. Retrieved 16 February 2013. 
  36. ^ "Top Gear". Series 17. Episode 6. 31 July 2011. BBC 2.
  37. ^ "Power Laps". BBC. Retrieved 16 February 2013. 
  38. ^ Korzeniewski, Jeremy (17 September 2011). "Lamborghini Aventador 1:8 scale model costs 12 times the real thing". Autoblog. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  39. ^ Lowney, Damon (19 September 2013). "World's most expensive model car will be wrapped in thin gold sheet". Autoblog. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  40. ^ "Latest ultra-light Lamborghini only costs around $32,000". Autoblog. 11 March 2013. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  41. ^ Tisshaw, Mark (5 March 2013). "Geneva motor show: Lamborghini Veneno". Autocar. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  42. ^ "A unique triple-pack: the new Lamborghini Veneno" (Press release). Lamborghini. Retrieved 3 December 2013. 
  43. ^ Read, Dan (4 March 2013). "This is the Lamborghini Veneno". topgear.com. Retrieved 6 March 2013. 
  44. ^ "2013 Lamborghini Veneno". 6 March 2013. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  45. ^ a b Korzeniewski, Jeremy (4 March 2013). "Lamborghini Veneno finally, officially unveiled". autoblog. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  46. ^ Joseph, Noah (25 November 2013). "Lamborghini takes Veneno out to play on wet Vallelunga". autoblog. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  47. ^ "Bullissimo!". Square Mile. 26 September 2014. Retrieved 26 September 2014. 
  48. ^ Turkus, Brandon (3 December 2013). "Lamborghini Veneno Roadster stands in for fighter jet aboard Italian carrier". autoblog. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  49. ^ "Lamborghini World Premiere of Veneno Roadster" (Press release). Lamborghini. 3 December 2013. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  50. ^ "Meet The Lamborghini Veneno Roadster at the CES 2014 in Las Vegas" (Press release). Lamborghini. 7 January 2014. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  51. ^ Joseph, Noah (20 October 2013). "Lamborghini officially reveals new Veneno Roadster". autoblog. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  52. ^ John Neff (19 July 2012). "Lamborghini celebrates assembly of 1,000th Aventador". autoblog.com. Retrieved 23 July 2012. 
  53. ^ Jake Holmes (19 July 2012). "Lamborghini Builds 1000 Aventador LP700-4 Supercars in 15 Months". motortrend.com. Retrieved 23 July 2012. 
  54. ^ "A milestone for Automobili Lamborghini: 2,000 Aventadors produced" (Press release). Lamborghini. Retrieved 3 December 2013. 
  55. ^ a b "Volkswagen AG Annual Report 2012, p.109" (PDF). Retrieved 16 March 2013. 
  56. ^ a b "Aventador sales drive record revenue at Lamborghini". Autoblog. 11 March 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  57. ^ "Volkswagen Group Annual Report 2013, p.27" (PDF). Retrieved 30 March 2014. 

External links[edit]