Lampasas, Texas

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Lampasas, Texas
City
Lampasas County Courthouse
Lampasas County Courthouse
Location of Lampasas, Texas
Location of Lampasas, Texas
Coordinates: 31°3′57″N 98°11′0″W / 31.06583°N 98.18333°W / 31.06583; -98.18333Coordinates: 31°3′57″N 98°11′0″W / 31.06583°N 98.18333°W / 31.06583; -98.18333
Country United States
State Texas
County Lampasas
Incorporated 1883
Government
 • Mayor Jerry Grayson
 • City Manager Michael Stoldt
Area
 • Total 6.2 sq mi (16.1 km2)
 • Land 6.2 sq mi (16.0 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 1,027 ft (313 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 6,681
 • Density 1,077.6/sq mi (417.6/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 76550
Area code(s) 512
FIPS code 48-41188[1]
GNIS feature ID 1360911[2]
Website http://www.cityoflampasas.com

Lampasas is a city in Lampasas County, Texas, United States. The population was 6,681 at the 2010 census. It is the seat of Lampasas County.[3]

Lampasas is part of the KilleenTempleFort Hood Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

For his services in the Texas Revolution, John Burleson received 1,280 acres (5.2 km2) of land and established a permanent settlement in the 1850s. The city was first named Burleson; however, the name was gradually changed to Lampasas Springs because of the existence of seven mineral springs. When the county was created in 1856, the law specified “The county seat shall be same name as the county.” The city of Lampasas was officially incorporated in 1883.

Several theories attempt to explain how the name Lampasas came to be. The Texas Almanac states the word came from a Spanish word for “lilies” found in nearby streams. Another source states the word comes from the Spanish name Lampazos. The name was given to the local river by the Spanish Aquayo Expedition in 1721. It is believed the name was inspired by a Mexican town that also had beautiful springs. The town was also the location of the birth of the Farmers' Alliance, founded in 1876.

The Mother's Day Flood of 1957 saw Sulphur Creek, a local river, strike the city in devastating flash flood which claimed five lives and destroyed many homes, businesses, and other property around downtown Lampasas. In the aftermath, a series of levees and reservoirs were constructed to prevent damage from future catastrophes.[4]

Since 1972, Lampasas has held an annual fair called the Spring Ho festival each July.[1]

Like nearby Mineral Wells, Lampasas has mineral springs health spas which once claimed to cure "everything". The 25-bed Rollins Brook Community Hospital in Lampasas was established by two physicians in 1935, one of whom was Herbert Bailey Rollins, originally from Pineville, Kentucky. In 1958, Rollins Brook was the smallest accredited hospital in Texas. In 1981, Rollins was sold to a for-profit health care provider in Houston. Over the next decade, the hospital passed through a succession of owners. In 1991, the hospital declared bankruptcy and closed its doors without notice. Thereafter, citizens, unable to locate government or foundation grants, raised some $600,000 in community fund-raising activities to reclaim the facility. When it reopened on July 21, 1991, Rollins Brook became the only community hospital to survive bankruptcy. The story was broadcast by ABC News with Peter Jennings. In 1997, the hospital was sold again, this time to the Seventh-day Adventist Church. In 2005, Rollins Brook opened a new surgical section.[5]

Geography[edit]

Lampasas is located at 31°3′57″N 98°11′0″W / 31.06583°N 98.18333°W / 31.06583; -98.18333 (31.065868, -98.183444).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.3  square miles (16.1 km²), of which, 6.2 square miles (16 km2) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) of it (0.64%) is covered by water.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[1] of 2010, 6,786 people, 2,554 households, and 1,711 families resided in the city. The population density was 1,097.3 people per square mile (424.0/km²). The 2,799 housing units averaged 452.6 per square mile (174.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.78% White, 2.03% African American, 0.71% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander10.06% from other races]], and 1.77% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 23.11% of the population.

Of the 2,554 households, 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.0% were not families. About 29.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54, and the average family size was 3.13.

In the city, the population was distributed as 27.6% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 18.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,898, and for a family was $31,012. Males had a median income of $26,606 versus $19,959 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,409. About 18.3% of families and 21.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.5% of those under age 18 and 16.9% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

Education[edit]

The City of Lampasas is served by the Lampasas Independent School District.

References in pop culture[edit]

Lampasas is mentioned in the Hank Williams, Jr. song "Texas Women."

"Lampasas, Texas" is the title of the second episode of the CBS Western television series Trackdown, starring Robert Culp as Texas Ranger Hoby Gilman. The episode aired on October 11, 1957. In the story line, Gilman tries to block a town from carrying out the legal lynching of an innocent man.[7][8]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen climate classification system, Lampasas has a humid subtropical climate, Cfa.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ http://www.lampasaschamber.org/5559938_47902.htm
  5. ^ Patricia Benoit, Temple Daily Telegram, "Beside the Healing Waters: Rescuing Rollins Brook Community Hospital", West Texas Historical Association, annual meeting in Fort Worth, Texas, February 27, 2010
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "Trackdown". Classic TV Archives. Retrieved April 14, 2012. 
  8. ^ Billy Hathorn, "Roy Bean, Temple Houston, Bill Longley, Ranald Mackenzie, Buffalo Bill, Jr., and the Texas Rangers: Depictions of West Texans in Series Television, 1955 to 1967", West Texas Historical Review, Vol. 89 (2013), p. 105
  9. ^ Climate Summary for Lampasas, Texas

External links[edit]