Lanškroun

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"Landskron" redirects here. For other uses, see Landskron (disambiguation).
Coordinates: 49°54′44″N 16°36′44″E / 49.91222°N 16.61222°E / 49.91222; 16.61222
Lanškroun (1)
Town
Lanskroun-radnice1.jpg
Town Hall
Flag
Coat of arms
Country Czech Republic
Region Pardubice
District Ústí nad Orlicí
Commune Lanškroun
Elevation 373 m (1,224 ft)
Coordinates 49°54′44″N 16°36′44″E / 49.91222°N 16.61222°E / 49.91222; 16.61222
Area 20.64 km2 (7.97 sq mi)
Population 10,124 (2013-01-01)
Density 491 / km2 (1,272 / sq mi)
Founded 13th century
Mayor Stanislava Švarcová
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 563 01
Location in the Czech Republic
Location in the Czech Republic
Wikimedia Commons: Lanškroun
Statistics: statnisprava.cz
Website: www.mesto-lanskroun.cz

Lanškroun (Czech pronunciation: [ˈlanʃkrou̯n]; German: Landskron), also known as Lanskron, Lanscron, Landeskrone, and Kronland, is a town and municipality in the Ústí nad Orlicí District, Pardubice Region of the Czech Republic. On the border between the former provinces of Bohemia and Moravia, it had a population of 10,124 (2013).

History[edit]

The town was founded in the 13th century as the center of the estate of Lanškroun and Lanšperk. Until 1918, the town was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austrian side after the compromise of 1867), head of the LANDSKRON IN BÖHMEN district, one of the 94 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Bohemia.[1] After 1919 it became part of Czechoslovakia. In 1938 it was occupied by German troops as the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, according to the Munich Agreement.

On May 9, 1945, the day of the end of World War II in Europe, Soviet troops entered the city. On May 17, 1945, Czech partisan units held court in Landskron, and many Germans were tortured to death[citation needed].

Until the expulsion of most of the German-speaking population from the Czechoslovakia in 1945 (see the Beneš decrees), the majority of population of the town had been German: in 1930, there were 6497 inhabitants and among these 83% were German and 17% Czech[citation needed]. By now, most of the inhabitants are Czech people.

List of people from Lanškroun[edit]

  • Jan Marek Marci (1595–1667), physician and scientist
  • Jan Smejkal (born 1946), International Grandmaster chess player
  • Roman Šebrle (born 1974), former world record holder in decathlon
  • Leo Herrmann (1888-1951), first Secretary General, Keren Hayesod, Palestine Foundation Fund that became United Jewish Appeal, died Jerusalem, Israel

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Lanškroun is twinned with:

External links[edit]

Related links[edit]

Lanškroun's nature park

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm KLEIN, 1967
  2. ^ "Oficiálne stránky mesta Kežmarok". kezmarok.sk. Retrieved 8 February 2010. 
  3. ^ "Twin towns". dzierzoniow.pl. Retrieved 26 April 2014.