Lanao del Norte
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2014)|
|Lanao del Norte|
Map of the Philippines with Lanao del Norte highlighted
|Region||Northern Mindanao (Region X)|
|Founded||June 6, 1952|
|• Governor||Mohammad Khalid Q. Dimaporo (NPC)|
|• Vice Governor||Cristy Atay (NPC)|
|• Total||3,346.57 km2 (1,292.12 sq mi)|
|Area rank||40th out of 81|
|Excluding Iligan City|
|• Rank||43rd out of 81|
|• Density||180/km2 (470/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||47th out of 81|
|Excluding Iligan City|
|• Independent cities||1|
|• Component cities||0|
including independent city of Iligan: 506
|• Districts||1st and 2nd districts of Lanao del Norte|
|Time zone||PHT (UTC+8)|
|ZIP codes||9201 to 9222|
|ISO 3166 code||PH-LAN|
|Spoken languages||Cebuano, Maranao, Tagalog|
Lanao del Norte (Cebuano: Amihanang Lanao; Tagalog: Hilagang Lanao), is a province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. Its capital is Tubod. Iligan City is traditionally grouped with the province for statistical and geographical purposes, but is actually governed independently from the province.
The province borders Lanao del Sur to the southeast, Zamboanga del Sur to the west, Illana Bay to the southwest, Iligan Bay to the north, Iligan City to the northeast, and is separated from Misamis Occidental by Panguil Bay to the northwest. According to the 2010 census, the province has a total population of 607,917 people.
Lanao del Norte is a rugged province that ranges from the coastal shorelines in the north to the high plateaus and mountains in the south. It has also diverse flora and fauna.
It occupies a total land area of 3,092 square kilometres (1,194 sq mi). When Iligan City is included for geographical purposes, the province's land area is 3,905.37 square kilometres (1,507.87 sq mi).
Republic Act No. 2228 divided Lanao into two (2) provinces giving birth to Lanao del Norte and Lanao del Sur. The new province was inaugurated on July 4, 1959 making tubod as the capital. Salvador T. Lluch was the first Governor of Lanao del Norte. Second was Mohammad Ali Dimaporo, from January 1960 to September 1965 when Governor Dimaporo ran and won the congressional seat of the province. By operation of the law of succession, Vice Governor Arsenio A. Quibranza became the third Provincial Chief Executive of the province. By the mandate of the inhabitants, Governor Quibranza was elected Governor in 1967 and almost unanimously re-elected in 1971 and again in 1980.
In 1977, President Ferdinand E. Marcos signed Resolution No. 805 series of 1977 of the Sangguniang Panlalawigan (Parliamentary Bill No. 586) sponsored by Assemblyman Abdullah D. Dimaporo, into Presidential Decree 181 transferring the province's capital from Iligan City to the municipality of Tubod.
In October 1984, inaugural ceremonies were held to celebrate the occasion of the transfer of the Provincial Capitol from Poblacion, Tubod to the Don Mariano Marcos Government Center (now Governor Arsenio A. Quibranza Provincial Government Center) at Pigcarangan, Tubod, Lanao del Norte.
By virtue of the power and impact of the People’s Power Revolution at Edsa, Manila on February 25, 1986, local government all over the Philippines changed the political atmosphere overnight. Lanao del Norte became one among the many provinces affected by the sudden changes brought by the “Snap Election” on February 1986. Local heads of offices and employees particularly those holding political positions were destabilized but with the installation of President Corazon Aquino as president, OIC Atty. Francisco L. Abalos became the appointed governor of the province on March 3, 1986. On February 2, 1988, Atty. Abalos was elected as governor of the province.
In the Synchronized National Election of May 11, 1992, Congressman Abdullah D. Dimaporo, a legislator and economist, was elected Provincial Governor. The Provincial government embarked on a comprehensive planning and set the groundwork for the development of the province
In the 1998 national and local elections, Imelda Quibranza-Dimaporo, wife of Governor Abdullah. D. Dimaporo was elected as Provincial Governor. Despite the outbreak of the conflict of the MILF and the Philippine Army in Kauswagan last March 2000, through the provincial government's effort, peace and order was restored in the province.
The Provincial Government was also able to bring the province into the limelight with full media coverage, through the hosting of the First Mindanao Friendship Games at the Mindanao Civic Center in Tubod on November 11–15, 2001. Participants came from all over Mindanao representing the various LGUs in the island. The event was opened by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.
|Population census of Lanao del Norte|
|Excluding Iligan City
Source: National Statistics Office
The population of Lanao del Norte (excluding Iligan City) was 607,917 people in the 2010 census, with a population density of 181.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (471/sq mi). When Iligan City is included for geographical purposes, the province's population is 930,738 people, with a density of 223.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (579/sq mi).
The people in Lanao del Norte are a mixture of Maranaos and Cebuanos, with some Chabacanos, Tausugs, Yakan, and Bajau. Historically, immigrants who came from the Christian provinces of Mindanao, Visayas and Luzon tended to settle in the Northern part of Lanao while the Maranaos inhabited the south. There are also a minority of Higaunons settling in the hinterlands of Iligan City.
Lanao del Norte is a predominantly Christian, which comprise almost 73% of the province, most of them are Cebuanos and Chabacanos, with a minority of practitioners of Islam (almost 22%).
The Maranao is an ethnic group of Malay descent. They settled in the area long before the advent of the Spaniards in the Philippines. They possess their own culture and civilization which makes them quite unique. Their language, customs, traditions, religion, social system, costumes, music, and other features are factors that make Lanao peculiar and distinct from other Philippine provinces.
The economy in Lanao del Norte are predominantly based on agriculture and fishing. Factories are mostly based in Iligan City. Lanao del Norte is the home of Agus Power plants 4-7 that stretch from Baloi to Iligan City. It serves at about 70% of power supply in Mindanao. Tourism is also a growing economy in the province.
- "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 26 June 2014.
- "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities" (PDF). 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 5 July 2014.
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||Misamis Occidental||Iligan Bay||Misamis Oriental|
|Zamboanga del Sur||Bukidnon|
|Illana Bay (Moro Gulf)||Lanao del Sur|