Lanassa (wife of Pyrrhus)

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Lanassa was a daughter of king Agathocles of Syracuse, Sicily, perhaps by his second wife Alcia. In 295 BC Agathocles married Lanassa to King Pyrrhus of Epirus. Agathocles himself escorted his daughter with his fleet to Epirus to her groom. Lanassa brought the island of Corcyra as dowry into the marriage.[1] The couple had two sons Alexander and Helenus.[2] But Lanassa did not accept that her husband lived polygamous and took other wives. She left Pyrrhus in 291 BC, went to Corcyra, and offered this island as dowry to Demetrius I Poliorcetes, then king of Macedonia, if he would become her new husband. The courted diadoch came to Corcyra, married Lanassa and occupied the island.[3] After the death of Agathocles (289 BC) Pyrrhus, as former husband of Lanassa, asserted hereditary claims to Sicily. On the basis of these claims the inhabitants of Syracuse asked Pyrrhus in 279 BC for assistance against Carthage.[4]

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  1. ^ Diodorus Siculus, Bibliotheca historica 21.4; Plutarch, Pyrrhus 9
  2. ^ Diodorus Siculus, Bibliotheca historica 22.8.2; Plutarch, Pyrrhus 9
  3. ^ Plutarch, Pyrrhus 10
  4. ^ Diodorus Siculus, Bibliotheca historica 22.8.2